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Vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay

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brian elliott resume SENIOR INTERNET APPLICATION DEVELOPER. Proven producer and pioneer developer of ground-level development projects involving new and advanced technologies. Identifying, exploring, analyzing, designing, developing, and integrating of new technologies in building new systems in a team environment. Then leading and maturing them into full production systems. This is evident by the following: 2002 to present - Developed an XML Authoring system for vanishing acts by jodi essay, Focus on the Family for their internal and immigration, external content.

The authoring system included SOAP integration with a Stellent Content Management System (see details below). Also he developed the Web site using a content management system combined with a Cold Fusion front-end and VB business objects. 2000 to 2002 - Developed wireless Internet solution for of by jodi essay Norwell, Massachusetts. Paper! The system used some of the latest technologies including: Java EJB and vanishing acts, Servlets, XML, XSLT, WAP, WML, HDML, Palm OS and Palm PQA technology. The development was a 3 year effort and involved over in an essay, 1,000 manhours of acts by jodi picoult development time. Immigration! The later phases of development involved developing a dual mode (online/offline) wireless application using the Palm operating system. See for details. 2000 to 2001 - Participated as a member of MCI Worldcom's Application Infrastructure Platform (AIP) architectural team to vanishing by jodi picoult, design a common Internet infrastructure platform for ubiquitous access, XML transcoding, unified messaging, J2EE, and EAI to problem, support Internet-based applications.

Prototyped a proof-of-concept Jini to EJB Bridge. By Jodi Essay! 2000 - Explored's wireless eCommerce project, including budget request and investigation of technologies such as Palm Pilot Web Clippings, WAP, XML, Smart Phones and network neutrality research, Internet-enabled automobiles. 1999 to 2000 - Explored and pioneered's migration to Java servlet technologies including JSP, XML, WebLogics Application Server and vanishing by jodi picoult, EJB. 1997 to research paper, 2000 - Built large portions of the's eCommerce Web Plaza, including the shopping cart, purchase order generating system and integration to a credit card processing engine. Pioneered the effort to establish BuyItNow's eCommerce Web site, including investigation of COTS Internet eCommerce solutions and credit card processing solutions. Explored push technologies and built a client-side Java implementation of the acts essay CitySurf site in a co-development program with MapQuest. 1996 to 1997 - Built large portions of the CitySurf Internet Yellow Pages Web Site. Explored Internet technologies for OSMAPS department and research, built departmental Intranet with HTML, Perl, JavaScript, and Java on an NCSA server. 1992 to 1996 - Built large portions of vanishing acts by jodi essay Open Skies Mission Planning systems (3 subsystems) for Northrop Grumman Corporation. Explored Graphical User Interface builder tools for new X Windows/Motif development. 1989 to 1991 - Built large portions of SAGE system for Northrop Corporation.

Explored Advanced User Interface Object-Oriented AI technologies and unsw mechanical thesis, concepts for next generation CAD/CAM systems for Northrop Corporation. Web site development, Cold Fusion, JSP, Java, EJB, Java Servlets, JDBC, Visual Basic, Perl, XML, XSLT, WAP, WML, HDML, Palm Pilot Web Clippings, Intershop 4, CGI, Perl, JavaScript, HTML, SQL, Oracle, mSQL, mySQL, Apache, Tomcat, JBoss, Xalan, OpenSSL, Symantec Cafe, OOA/OOD, eCommerce, GUI Development, FreeBongo, Marimba Castanet, Credit Card Processing Engine Integration, C++, C, UNIX, Linux, Fortran, Ada, Motif, X Windows. Senior Internet Engineer. Acts By Jodi! Mr. Elliott helped developed the eCAT (Editorial Content Authoring Tool) and NetFocus CAT (NetFocus Content Authoring Tool) for the creation of XML content for papers, the Focus intranet NetFocus and their public facing Web sites. The authoring system allows users to create, preview and contribute the XML content to the Stellent Content Management System. This effort involved use of XML Schema (XSD) and XSLT to preform the transformation into HTML. SOAP was used to contribute the content into the CMS. Mr. Elliott also developed the Web site. is a collection of vanishing acts picoult articles, resources and referrals organized by topic around family issues and concerns.

The Web site development involved design and implementation of the presentation layer in Cold Fusion and powerpoint themes, COM middle tier components in Visual Basic with an XML interface. The site's content is retrieved from a Stellent Content Management System and is also integrated with RightNow Customer Service technology. Additional responsibilities included building out audio and video streaming capabilities for streaming radio and TV broadcasts. By Jodi! 2000 - present#9;Unplugged Systems/, Colorado Springs, CO. Mr. Elliott founded Unplugged Systems and developed MLS Unplugged. MLS Unplugged is a wireless Internet application that accesses real estate property information for solution essay, real estate agents on PDAs and Web-enabled phones. The application has been built with some of the leading Internet technologies for wireless applications including: Java Enterprise Beans, Java Servlets, XML, and XSLT.

Unplugged Systems was selected as an picoult essay exhibitor at the Colorado State Realtor's Convention Technology Fair, October 8-10, Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs. Long! The technology is being licensed to real estate software vendors. A branded version has been developed for InternetMLS of Norwell, MA. 2000 - 2001#9;MCI Worldcom, Inc., Colorado Springs, CO. Consultant - Maxim Group. As a member of MCI Worldcom's Application Infrastructure architectural team, Mr. By Jodi Essay! Elliott participated in the preparation of architectural design documents, including executive level white papers, executive briefings, vision papers, technology evaluations, product evaluations, UML diagrams, and a 400+ requirement RFP. His areas of focus were eCommerce, wireless Internet technologies, J2EE technologies, Jini, Bluetooth, and paper, development environments. He participated in the review process of the evaluation of the proposals submitted by top industry leading SI and component vendors. He was also assigned part time to by jodi, MCI Worldcom's Internet Enabled Devices project and completed a BEA Weblogic Server Administration course. Senior Web Developer / Manager New Product Development.

Mr. Research! Elliott served as the lead developer of New Product Development for the Internet eCommerce company BuyItNow, Inc. and worked for the Internet yellow page company CitySurf, Inc. Acts By Jodi Essay! His duties included the development of the eCommerce site for long quotations,, L.L.C. Vanishing Picoult Essay! (, including a shopping cart, credit card processing, various administration programs and a fax/email ordering system. He integrated his secure shopping cart with ClearCommerce's Merchant Engine for credit card processing on a leased line. Theories Papers! For CitySurf, Inc. he developed a Marimba channel in Java. He developed production Java applets and integrated the MapQuest mapping functions into the CitySurf site.

In 1999, he received a Certificate of by jodi picoult Recognition for helping succeed. 1982 - 1996 Northrop Grumman Corporation, Pico Rivera, CA. Open Skies Project: 1992 - 1996. Mr. Elliott served as the programming lead of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) development for the Open Skies Management and problem essay, Planning System (OSMAPS) in vanishing picoult essay, support of the Open Skies Peace Treaty. He has supported IRAD activities, including writing HTML documents and Java applets in support of mission planning and quotations in an essay, cartography applications. He received a TAP (Timely Award Program) award in 1994 for his contributions to OSMAPS . SAGE (Scientific Analysis Graphics Editor) Project : 1989 -1991.

As a founding member of the Scientific Analysis Graphics Editor (SAGE) development team, he participated in vanishing by jodi essay, the development of a 2-D 3-D graphics application for the visualization of flight test data in long in an, support of the B-2 program. CAD/CAM Development: 1983 - 1989. Mr. Vanishing Picoult! Elliott was involved with the network neutrality development and maintenance of the Northrop 3-D CAD system. Subsystem Design, Advanced Design: 1982 - 1983. For the Advanced Design organization of vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay Northrop's Aircraft Division, Mr.

Elliott performed analysis and design of mechanical subsystems of network neutrality paper advanced and acts by jodi, futuristic aircraft. New Mexico State University, Bachelor of Science, Mechanical Engineering Technology (1981), Las Cruces, New Mexico.

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Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the exam too often!), you’ll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. There is a good reason for vanishing essay, this: IELTS is theories a very international exam and the topics have to be suitable for all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the people who set the exam tend to choose relatively everyday topics – the sort of topics all educated people should be able to speak and write about in their own language. So one obvious way to prepare for vanishing picoult, the exam is to practise writing and powerpoint themes, speaking about these topics. Vanishing Acts! They are: While the topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Unsw! Again, there is vanishing picoult essay also a good reason for unsw, this: the vanishing acts picoult examiners do not want you to learn an for thesis presentation essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to a general topic.

Remember that in the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the question, you need to by jodi be able to explain and exemplify your answer ( see coherence). How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site.

Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by unsw mechanical thesis email. 108 Responses to Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. if the task or question is “to what extent do you argree or disagree” should i still present both sides of the argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at the first part of the vanishing picoult essay essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on the body would be the thesis evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the picoult essay argument? Another good question. There is no definite right or wrong answer here. But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the things the examiner is looking for is a clear point of view sustained throughout the essay. Immigration Paper! Accordingly, it makes sense to state your point of view clearly in the introduction. This way it makes it easy for the examiner to see what you are doing. Acts By Jodi Picoult! The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in the introduction.

That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to give your own personal opinion after looking at both sides of the solution essay argument. This is vanishing acts by jodi perhaps the slightly more academic approach and makes for a better balanced essay normally. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to table papers state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in the essay outline or format if the question is “do you agree or disagree” and vanishing acts by jodi picoult, “to what extent do you agree or disagree”? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you! This is a good question and I apologise for not answering sooner. The short answer is that there is no major difference of environmental solution essay, approach required. If the question was “Do you agree or disagree?” Then you can still answer in your conclusion that “There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, but I tend to think that…” ie you can always agree to vanishing acts picoult some extent. Likewise, if the question is “To what extent…” then you can still fully agree or fully disagree.

Are there any sample question papers of powerpoint for thesis presentation, writing? What about a discussion? Is the another format to by jodi write it or it can also be considered as a for and against essay? “To What Extent” should be answered by choosing arguments to support one of 3 major stances: to a great extent, to a certain extent / to environmental solution essay some extent, or to a lesser extent. The question is asking for a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about how to understand the “main” question whenever I come accross “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” For example: “Creative artists should always be given the freedom to acts by jodi picoult express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. There should be no government restrictions on powerpoint for thesis, what they do.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4)” Is it OK if I say that the main question is ” Does government restrict freedom of speech?” As you said before, what’s the vanishing by jodi essay use of writting a good essay if you are not answering the immigration question, but, how are we going to be sure that we have understood the “hidden” argument? Thanks in advance! A really good question. Acts Essay! One possible problem is network research paper that the question comes in 2 parts. This is really quite common in IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in acts by jodi essay, your example. That is not really the term papers case as the “they” in essay, “There should be no government restrictions on immigration research, what they do” clearly links to by jodi picoult the creative artists in the first sentence.

So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to “creative artists”. In practical terms, my best suggestion is to underline key words in paper, the question to make sure that you do not miss them out. one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is vanishing acts picoult not provided to candidate after result . beacuse if a candidate is not scoring the research bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in by jodi picoult essay, next exam. How do we respond an essay that asks for our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples.

If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to use ” I ” , “we” and ” you ” things like that in my writting. But I noticed you actually use them quite often. does that mean I could use these words in my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics? I feel one of the most frustrate thing is to think out ideas. I never can produce an essay in a limited time. I guess the problem for me is I do not have opinions at all. do you have any good suggestion about this? PS : I am going to have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-)))

There are no hard and fast rules here. But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an powerpoint presentation opinion based task and asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the “I” altogether. IELTS is not academic writing – it is vanishing by jodi its own genre, The best advice is to answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an unsw thesis assessment of my essay relate to picoult IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for now. I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is too short. Hi What about if you are not familiar with asked essay topic. Can you answer the question with general writing?

You should do your best to answer the for thesis question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and don’t answer the question. The idea is that the questions are designed for vanishing, anyone to answer and if you can’t you have a language problem. That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from unsw your experience and that way you should find enough to vanishing acts essay write. I do recognise the thesis problem though and I am planning a series of postings giving ideas and language to deal with the most common topic areas.

Thanks for the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from picoult my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in Academic Writing one should write on general ie effects on society. Environmental Problem Solution! However, I argue and by jodi essay, told her that question stated that you can give example from your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not. I hate to contradict other teachers – a very bad habit – but in this case I will. The rubric to powerpoint for thesis presentation the essay question almost always contains these words: “include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience”

This means that you actually ought to include examples from your own knowledge/experience. From this point of view, academic IELTS is not exactly the same as general academic writing where you typically don’t do this so much. The question remains though how you do it. I would suggest that you don’t want to use the vanishing picoult essay first person “I” too much and that maybe is what your tutor is research worried about. This is an vanishing acts by jodi essay extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on this in the next couple of days. It’s very true that it doesn’t matter if your writing is subjective or not. The way you express your ideas and immigration research paper, construct your writing matter. IELTS is acts by jodi designed for in an, the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldn’t take into account the level of vanishing acts picoult essay, your education.

Feel free to express your ideas but on top of everything, keep it academic! Sir, i have been teaching ielts for long quotations, about four years with excellent results. Picoult! The latest rubrics for for thesis, wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to be based on knowledge OR experience and NOT on both. Please maintain contact with me for further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording. I do take issue with your interpretation of it though. It is entirely possible for candidates to vanishing picoult essay use one example based on their knowledge and another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and the grading criteria. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to one or the other: if that were the case, the rubric would read “either knowledge or experience”. What has not happened is unsw thesis that the new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between “knowledge-based” and vanishing picoult, “experience-based” essays. Incidentally, the rubric was changed to put the quotations essay emphasis on the task itself and to delete “complicated” language such as “written argument”.

The idea is supposed to simple and the key to picoult understanding the new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be “relevant” in solution, their examples and that these support the main points. Read this report by vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay the chief IELTS examiner in Australia:;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from Iran (just wanted you to know that people from my country visit your website, too). I’ve been searching the net for ages to find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and solution essay, i now i can say yours is one of the bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please? 1. in vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, your “The three different types of IELTS essay question” you have clearly mentioned in which type of essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: i am confused a little. in essay, which type should i reflect my opinion? and vanishing picoult, more importantly in which paragraph? 2. under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and environmental problem solution essay, effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to insist that all of them are argument type, but seems to differ. 3. what is explanatory essay?

Except theses common essay topics that you’ve mentioned, are there any more to add to this list?in Iran it seems the acts recent ielts test have been exposing the examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an ocean for problem solution essay, spending time for vanishing acts by jodi picoult, us. hlo dominic i do not get the ideas while writing an essay,what would you like to suggest to do thats why my essay is always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and reasons. Immigration Research Paper! It is very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult Essay! Ask yourself the research questions “Why is vanishing by jodi essay that true?”or “how can I explain that?” if a question says ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’,then what should i write in th body paragraphs. In An! whether i have to stick to agree only through out the whole essay or also have to write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole. In the ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only be an argumentative essay. is vanishing by jodi picoult that true ? and if not what else ? Ah. It depends what you mean by argumentative.

The problem is immigration research paper different teachers use different words to describe types of essay. I am guilty of this too. To try and answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to acts picoult essay write. These include: discussing both sides of an issue. commenting on a proposal to unsw mechanical thesis solve a problem. looking at two different options and deciding which is better. giving solutions to a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to be able to answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to read the question and think hard about it before writing.

Think about what it is by jodi picoult asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the time. Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to write to) first of all I want to compliment you for your website. It is a very usefull resource for the preparation of the IELTS Test, the immigration information are presented in a clear and nice way. They are structured very well and the user does not end up being overwhelmed by the amount of information. This is a very important point -at least to me-, because reading your site had the result of calming me me and improve my self confidence for the exam. This is vanishing by jodi picoult often not the case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is higly counter-productive. Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to present to you my essay for the writing academic task 2. Quotations! I would really like to have a feedback from you, because unfortunately I can’t find no one to correct me one and I would like to have an vanishing acts picoult essay opinion before I take the exam (which is in 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to correct every mistake, just to read it once and give me your impression and ethics table, maybe the main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to vanishing picoult essay the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I haven’t). If it possible can you say to me around band score I am?

Or, is unsw this essay enough good for a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to read an answer from you and I thank you in advance for your courtesy. Write about the following topic: In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think ar the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in the schools is the student behaviour. In fact it is known that in many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools.

This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the acts school has to prepare the students to become responsible adult. It is therefore very important to individuate the causes and the possible solutions to be applied, in order for the school to theories table fullfill its educational role in the best way. We should take into account the picoult essay basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for the reason to be “bad”. Often those behaviours are the expressions of other, hidden problems. Long In An Essay! One of the main cause could be the stress that the students frequently have to face in the school. Exams, homeworks, presentations for many subjects put an incredible pressure over the students, that sometimes will be incapable of handling the stress. Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden “stop it” shout.

Nevertheless it is my opinion that the vanishing by jodi main source of mechanical, bad behaviour of students is to be found outside the school, namely in acts picoult essay, the private life of the theories term papers students. Essay! With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an instable family environment is very often the cause of neutrality research paper, arrogant and generally bad behaviour. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult! Where the kids are left alone or treated bad by quotations their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at the school, during the lessons or in the corridors. Those problems suggest their solutions. Vanishing Acts By Jodi Picoult Essay! The amount of stress to which the students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and unsw mechanical, adjusted. The task is of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is vanishing picoult essay inevitable, is the quality of the school has to be preserved. Regarding family problems, it is my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and presentation, pedagogists, and sustained by teachers, in order to allow them to retrieve their happiness and bring their life back on the tracks.

Summarizing, students can answer to exagerate stress acting bad: thus the solution is to vanishing acts essay carefully control and adjust the pressures on the students. A more important cause of problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and unsw thesis, instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues. (you can answer me via email if you want) Sorry for the delay. Had a quick look and it looks an extremely good essay. By Jodi Essay! My one concern is presentation length. sometimes shorter can be better. Sorry but I simply don’y have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. Acts! It was clearly given how to approach a task since you already have given the clue how to practice a certain topic, and ethics papers, so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the idea now on how to write and speak appropriately. it is my first acknowlegment of this wonderful site. Please, i have started to practice writing essay and I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. Vanishing Essay! I would like to know if I can send my essays to be assessed. hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling – there’s a pretty large stock of questions. Network Neutrality Paper! My general advice is to revise vocabulary for by jodi essay, the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on the essay question page) and then to make sure you read the ethics exact question in the exam as closely as possible. I know that this is vanishing by jodi really boring advice – but be very careful about looking at “recent essay questions”. Environmental Problem Solution! For me, their only real value is to tell you the types of by jodi picoult essay, topic you will need to environmental write about and what sort of vocab you need. Very frequently, the task part of the question – the bit that tells you what you need to vanishing acts picoult essay do – is wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you.

This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure. I hope it’s worked out for you now. 10 tests is a lot – painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou.

Please, how much is band reduce for short answer? Happy world rabies day! It rather depends how short the ethics theories term answer is. My understanding/recollection is vanishing acts by jodi essay that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to those IELTS writing examinees. Environmental Problem Solution! This would serve as a guideline for vanishing acts by jodi essay, them because it discusses and shows the paper exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and vanishing acts by jodi picoult, tips. Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and task 2 at appropriate place task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in immigration research, dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, my friend told me that you have to write on 3rd page becz it’s task one give announcement for that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. I’m afraid I don’t have the answer to that one. Research Paper! I suspect that it wouldn’t make any difference. The examiner is likely to have worked out acts by jodi picoult what you did. sir, i humbly wish to draw your kind attention to research paper the fact the according to vanishing by jodi picoult essay the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to be based on knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for ethics table term papers, around four years and ask my students to scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer. Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and experience?! As someone who holds a masters in philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to exact distinction between them. I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that “or” enables candidates to vanishing by jodi essay do both. If I offer you “coffee or tea”, I would not be offended if you decided to have both.

The purpose of rephrasing the paper rubrics was to make them more accessible – if you read the source papers. The purpose was not to introduce a new challenge to picoult essay candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from task one along with copying the long in an introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on vanishing by jodi, grouping the subject matter and comparisons . This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in earnest. I see your point about “you” and “I” in powerpoint, task 1, but cannot agree with you about acts by jodi, “we”. I agree with you about copying wording from the question. The (difficult) skill is to rephrase the question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction. I have given the IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the problem I faced was in my writing section I got only 6.5 and neutrality, I need a score of acts by jodi picoult essay, minimum to powerpoint get into the university I desire for.

CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is very helpful. With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and therefore feel more confident in their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6. You will find my own suggestions on the reading page.

The key is to understand the difference between No and Not Given. help me #128578; write for and against acts picoult, argumentative essay Taking exams : for themes for thesis presentation, and against. I’ll see what I can do for you. It’s the by jodi essay sort of topic you need to be able to long in an write and speak about. I’ll try and post something next week. Thanks but I need it for Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for a job as a nurse.

I’ve seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but I’ve already registered for general English. If you are headed for the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need. By Jodi! I’m not sure about Australia, but I imagine that there too the powerpoint themes for thesis IELTS requirement would be academic. When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of by jodi, your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before. Problem! Contact your local test centre. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult Essay! It may be that they might also take pity on you and allow you to transfer to academic. This is the first time i visited this site. In Australia, you need a minimum of in an, 7.0 in every exam including the OBS. Vanishing Acts! And the requirement there is Academic.

I have a very big problem with preparing for IELTS( Academic). I took IELTS for 3 times and my overal band score was 6.0 in all of them. My first time I scored 6.0 in ethics theories term, every module. The second and the third I had 5.5 in Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and 6.5 in Speaking. I really don’t know from where to start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I don’t know which one is the best. Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the essay exam) which are the best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test.

Appreciation for theories table papers, this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me. I want to acts essay find out whether it is appropriate to write less that three words where it is stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to inquire maybe it is important to mechanical interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from any point. Front, Middle or Back. I shall be looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot.

I have studying on your website recently. By Jodi Essay! I found it great and a resourceful webpage. I have taken the IELTS at least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. I need a band score of 8 in unsw mechanical, each module. Vanishing Acts! My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in Writing. Your website is of great help for those who want to take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question:

Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people. Discuss both opposing views and thesis, give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the IELTs and in partictular about acts picoult essay, paragraphs. When I did my ielts test, I finished the writing task 2, and left one line empty between each paragraph. However, when I wrote the conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and then started the long quotations in an essay conclusion. I did this because I was sort of running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion.

so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the vanishing essay mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to you as I only prepared for my IELTS examination from themes presentation this website and I got band 8 in vanishing acts picoult essay, all modules except writing where I got 7.5. You are awesome. In simply words . No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by step. Firstly explain both sides and then which you like most give him side . Agree or disagree is most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to immigration choose for preparing ielts so plz woud u like to suggest me which book to study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the picoult same comment.

Is there any means you possibly can remove me from themes for thesis presentation that service? Thanks! Sorry there is nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only suggest that you move the post to spam!! Congrats on your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of essays instead of the 3 types you mention in your blog, these are: Do you agree with this?

if so, when we have a “to what extent do you agree or disagree” type of question, which kind of essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x. Hmmmm. I do need to go back to that post. The division you maker does make sense. In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to categorise different essay types rather than just looking at the particular question in front of you and answering the question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on my to do list. Vanishing Essay! Thank you for for thesis, your comment.

firstly thanks for the effort you have made for vanishing acts essay, us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by discussing both topic in 4 paragrpah model and powerpoint, also taking only one position.does the topic content make difference on choosing the format of such essay? Good question. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult! You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on environmental problem, how to vanishing answer different question types -setting out formulae/formulas for problem solution, each type of question. I am never really convinced by that approach, I much prefer the vanishing acts essay approach of looking at each question on ethics theories term, its own merits and vanishing acts by jodi essay, focussing on answering the question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is my general advice.

The introduction and conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on addressing the question and giving your clear answer to it. Problem Essay! So in those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and vanishing acts, give your answer. Even if the question is “do you agree?”, it is open to you to say I agree but only up to a point. The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for thesis, your point of view. By Jodi Picoult Essay! Typically, the academic thing to unsw do is to look at both sides of the acts issue – even if you have a strong opinion for one point of view.

This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to solution essay look at both sides of the issue, as for them IELTS is simply a passport to academic courses at university and I want them to learn the skills of academic writing.That said, it is acts by jodi essay open to ethics table term papers you to take just one position and argue that – on condition that you outline this is your introduction and the question does not ask you to look at both sides of the question. Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of your blog before few days of my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. i participated on vanishing, IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of my general knowledge of the powerpoint for thesis presentation topics. Vanishing By Jodi Essay! I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. ” It is a natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). Thesis! There is no reason why people should try to vanishing essay happening this. Network Neutrality Research Paper! Do you agree or disagree?” in this case how i prepare myself to vanishing get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole, I have given Ilets exam in unsw thesis, General three times and every time i got 6.5 in writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at vanishing by jodi essay home and know where is the mistake in my writing to paper improve.Please give some tips. Thank you.

i m having my exam on 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts. you done very well. your blog guide me to vanishing by jodi essay significant progress… thanks a lot… Hi there to every single one, it’s in fact a pleasant for me to solution go to vanishing acts by jodi picoult see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on. everything.

Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out in an there that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to get it reviewed, How can i do that. I suggest you contact one of the tutors on the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website. I have found it extremely useful for my own and my students’ use. Hy, I dont have much to vanishing acts by jodi picoult ask for right now.

Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test. Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for instance choose 2 from given 3 topics…kind of. Problem Solution! I hope you get what I mean in this context. Vanishing! Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is there any difference in scoring of academic and general writing ? I felt, the vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in problem solution, it (. ). And what about ‘ agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions? Is it necessary to vanishing acts stick with one side in the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point.

Can I still conclude it as ‘positive’ ? Logically, it doesn’t make sense as the negative side would nullify one of the positive effects, wouldn’t it? Could we go like ‘ it may be positive’ in this case ( if the question is mechanical thesis ‘ is vanishing acts picoult essay this positive or negative’)? Why many students are not getting 9 in task response? Is it mainly because of the lack of relevant example ? If you could be any of my assistance, I’d really grateful. I have had a question for writing task 2. When I went to school to prepare for IELTS, they said I should not use “I, you” when I write task 2. Long Quotations In An Essay! I could use “It is said/ believed/ stated that…”. Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like “I, U”, should use negative voice. What do you think about this opinion?

Good question. My own preference is to avoid the “I”, but that does not mean you can never use it. There are times when you want to make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is more appropriate. It may be more stylist though to use “In my view” rather than “I think” what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for both view. Thank you for the great ideas. I have to focus on some time I choose to adopt to write a article. It is very important that you keep to the topic. Don’t stray onto something else! Hey DC .. Vanishing Acts! I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Please help me.

dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on neutrality research, 6 september 2014 …..pls help me in writing topics….for ex…….SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACES……TO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE……..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned …then in first body paragraph problems by smoking in public places then in second paragraph effects of smoking in vanishing by jodi essay, public places …..then in conclusion about neutrality, goverment should take hard step to stop this………….also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both …….answer soon.. I find your website really helpful. Picoult Essay! but i have faced a problem regarding your section of letter writing for themes for thesis presentation, general ielts. I need to prepare for general ielts but as soon as i click on the section, error occurs. By Jodi! So please fix the ethics theories problem. Regards. Can you point me to the exact link that doesn’t work. Vanishing Picoult! It all seems fine to network me. Many of the links for the topics are broken. How many people have visited your website?

Of them, what is the % from China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to acts picoult essay sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks. I found your website very useful for me. Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to get 8 for writing. Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir? thank’s dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on next week: and i need at least 6 bands in quotations essay, writing:

Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. Vanishing Acts By Jodi Essay! They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. Mostly the solution recycled product is come from the home wastage’s, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from acts picoult home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the paper society believe that it is the negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by the concerned organization from the vanishing essay society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for making it a legal requirement. As far as my opinion is concerned there should be a law for recycling, but, it is solution essay also the responsibility of the vanishing acts picoult essay society and media as well. Organizations for network research paper, recycling are doing their job in a proper manner. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult! They collected every garbage from the street even from the gutters as well. In contrast, residents of the society are not participating with the recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to lack of awareness in people for unsw, the importance of recycling garbage. Secondly, there is the negligence factor as well in the society in participating with recycling department.

For instance, people throw their house waste material into their dustbins without separating the recycled material from the un-recycled material. Even a recently conducted survey revealed the vanishing picoult essay fact that the 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the quotations in an essay non-recyclable material by the residents of the vanishing acts by jodi society. Secondly, citizens of the society are not giving enough importance in the recycling of themes, wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in vanishing acts by jodi picoult, a separate box instead of throwing in neutrality paper, the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the law. Therefore, these acts restrict the acts essay citizens to follow the law and network neutrality paper, help the recycling department to get as much garbage as the organizations wanted to recycle. After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to conclude on the note that people should feel the acts importance material and legislation should be passed for waste material.

These kind of acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of powerpoint themes for thesis, waste material. […] Sample essay questions and sample essays […]

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VANISHING ACTS by Jodi Picoult | …

A Discourse Concerning the Original. and Progress of Satire. From The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis: Translated into English Verse by Mr. Dryden and Several Other Eminent Hands (London, 1693). The text follows the 1693 edition in spelling and capitalization, with only vanishing by jodi picoult essay, a few obvious typos corrected. I've added paragraph numbers and have footnoted some of the passages in classical languages and term papers obscure allusions, but haven't tried to track down every reference. Greek words are transliterated. Whenever possible, I've used Dryden's own translations of Roman authors. This abridgment is about a third of the original; the paragraph numbers correspond to the original unabridged text, and acts by jodi picoult show where omissions have been made. Themes Presentation! A very few omissions within paragraphs are noted by ellipses. [32] And now, my Lord, to apply what I have said, to my present Business; the Satires of vanishing acts by jodi essay Juvenal and Persius , appearing in this New English Dress, cannot so properly be Inscrib'd to any Man as to Your Lordship, who are the First of the Age in that way of Writing. Your Lordship, amongst many other Favours, has given me Your Permission for this Address; and You have particularly Encourag'd me by ethics theories table term papers Your Perusal and Approbation of the Sixth and Tenth Satires of vanishing Juvenal , as I have Translated them. My fellow Labourers, have likewise Commission'd me, to perform in their behalf this Office of a Dedication to you; and paper will acknowledge with all possible Respect and Gratitude, your Acceptance of their Work.

Some of acts by jodi picoult them have the Honour to be known to your Lordship already; and they who have not yet that happiness, desire it now. Be pleas'd to term receive our common Endeavours with your wonted Candor, without Intitleing you to the Protection of our common Failings, in so difficult an Undertakeing. And allow me your Patience, if it be not already tir'd with this long Epistle, to give you from the Best Authors, the Origine, the Antiquity, the Growth, the Change, and the Compleatment of Satire among the Romans . To Describe, if not Define, the vanishing acts by jodi, Nature of that Poem, with it's several Qualifications and Virtues, together with the problem essay, several sorts of it. To compare the Excellencies of Horace , Persius and Juvenal , and vanishing acts essay shew the ethics theories term, particular Manners of their Satires. And lastly, to give an Account of this New Way of Version which is attempted in our Performance. All which, according to the weakness of my Ability, and the best Lights which I can get from others, shall be the vanishing acts by jodi picoult, Subject of my following Discourse. [37] There has been a long Dispute amongst the Modern Critiques, whether the for thesis presentation, Romans deriv'd their Satire from the vanishing acts essay, Grecians , or first Invented it themselves.

Julius Scaliger and Heinsius , are of the first Opinion; Casaubon , Rigaltius , Dacier , and the Publisher of the Dauphin's Juvenal maintain the Latter. If we take Satire in the general signification of the Word, as it is us'd in mechanical all Modern Languages, for an Invective, 'tis certain that it is almost as old as Verse; and tho' Hymns, which are praises of God, may be allow'd to picoult have been before it, yet the themes for thesis, defamation of others was not long after it. Vanishing Acts! After God had Curs'd Adam and Eve in Paradise, the Husband and network neutrality research paper Wife excus'd themselves, by laying the blame on one another; and gave a beginning to those Conjugal Dialogues in Prose; which the Poets have perfected in Verse. The Third Chapter of Job is acts picoult essay, one of the first Instances of this Poem in Holy Scripture: Unless we will take it higher, from the latter end of the quotations, second; where his Wife advises him to curse his Maker. [38] This Original, I confess, is vanishing by jodi picoult, not much to theories table papers the Honour of Satire; but here it was Nature, and vanishing acts by jodi picoult that deprav'd: When it became an Art, it bore better Fruit. Long Quotations! Only we have learnt thus much already, that Scoffs and vanishing by jodi picoult Revilings are of the growth of all Nations; and consequently that neither the Greek Poets borrow'd from other People their Art of theories table papers Railing, neither needed the Romans to take it from them. But considering Satire as a Species of Poetry; here the essay, War begins amongst the Criticks. [39] Scaliger the Father will have it descend from Greece to Rome ; and solution essay derives the by jodi essay, word Satyre, from immigration, Satyrus , that mixt kind of Animal, or, as the acts by jodi picoult essay, Ancients thought him, Rural God, made up betwixt a Man and a Goat; with a Humane Head, Hook'd Nose, Powting Lips, a Bunch, or Struma under the powerpoint presentation, Chin, prick'd Ears, and upright Horns; the Body shagg'd with hair, especially from the acts by jodi, waste, and ending in problem essay a Goat, with the legs and by jodi picoult feet of that Creature. But Casaubon , and his Followers, with Reason, condemn this derivation; and prove that from essay, Satyrus , the word Satira , as it signifies a Poem, cannot possibly descend. For Satira is acts by jodi essay, not properly a Substantive, but an Adjective; to which, the word Lanx , in unsw mechanical thesis English a Charger, or large Platter, is understood: So that the Greek Poem made according to the Manners of a Satyr, and expressing his Qualities, must properly be call'd Satyrical, and not Satire: And thus far 'tis allow'd, that the Grecians had such Poems; but that they where wholly different in Specie, from vanishing acts, that to which the Romans gave the Name of Satire. Environmental Solution Essay! [40] Aristotle divides all Poetry, in relation to the Progress of it, into Nature without Art: Art begun, and Art Compleated. Vanishing By Jodi! Mankind, even the most Barbarous have the Seeds of Poetry implanted in them. The first Specimen of immigration it was certainly shewn in the Praises of the vanishing acts by jodi picoult, Deity, and Prayers to him: And as they are of Natural Obligation, so they are likewise of research paper Divine Institution.

Which Milton observing, introduces Adam and Eve , every Morning adoring God in Hymns and Prayers. The first Poetry was thus begun, in the wild Notes of Nature, before the invention of Feet, and Measures. The Grecians and Romans had no other Original of their Poetry. Festivals and Holydays soon succeeded to Private Worship, and we need not doubt but they were enjoyn'd by the true God to his own People; as they were afterwards imitated by the Heathens ; who by the light of Reason knew they were to invoke some Superiour Being in their Necessities, and to thank him for his Benefits. Thus the vanishing acts by jodi picoult, Grecian Holydays were Celebrated with Offerings to Bacchus and Ceres , and other Deities, to neutrality research paper whose Bounty they suppos'd they were owing for their Corn and Wine, and other helps of Life. And the vanishing acts essay, Ancient Romans , as Horace tells us, paid their thanks to Mother Earth, or Vesta , to Silvanus , and their Genius , in powerpoint themes the same manner. But as all Festivals have a double Reason of their Institution; the first of Religion, the other of Recreation, for the unbending of vanishing by jodi picoult our Minds: So both the Grecians and Romans agreed, after their Sacrifices were perform'd, to table papers spend the by jodi, remainder of the ethics term papers, day in Sports and Merriments; amongst which, Songs and Dances, and that which they call'd Wit, (for want of knowing better,) were the chiefest Entertainments. The Grecians had a notion of vanishing by jodi essay Satyres, whom I have already describ'd; and taking them, and the Sileni , that is the young Satyrs and the old, for the Tutors, Attendants, and Humble Companions of their Bacchus , habited themselves like those Rural Deities, and imitated them in their Rustick Dances, to which they join'd Songs, with some sort of rude Harmony, but without certain Numbers; and to powerpoint for thesis these they added a kind of vanishing acts by jodi Chorus. [41] The Romans also (as Nature is the same in all places) though they knew nothing of those Grecian Demi-Gods, nor had any Communication with Greece , yet had certain Young Men, who at their Festivals, Danc'd and Sung after their uncouth manner, to a certain kind of Verse, which they call'd Saturnian ; what it was, we have no very certain light from Antiquity to discover; but we may conclude, that, like the Grecian , it was void of Art, or at least with very feeble beginnings of it. Those Ancient Romans , at these Holydays, which were a mixture of Devotion and Debauchery, had a Custom of reproaching each other with their Faults, in a sort of Extempore Poetry, or rather of tunable hobling Verse; and they answer'd in the same kind of gross Raillery; their Wit and their Musick being of a piece. The Grecians , says Casaubon , had formerly done the same, in the Persons of their petulant Satyrs: But I am afraid he mistakes the matter, and confounds the Singing and Dancing of the Satyrs, with the network, Rustical Entertainments of the first Romans . The Reason of vanishing by jodi picoult essay my Opinion is this; that Casaubon finding little light from Antiquity, of these beginnings of Poetry, amongst the Grecians , but only thesis, these Representations of Satyrs , who carry'd Canisters and Cornucopias full of several Fruits in vanishing acts by jodi their hands, and danc'd with them at their Publick Feasts: And afterwards reading Horace , who makes mention of his homely Romans , jesting at one another in problem essay the same kind of Solemnities, might suppose those wanton Satyrs did the same.

And especially because Horace possibly might seem to him, to have shewn the Original of all Poetry in general, including the Grecians , as well as Romans : Though 'tis plainly otherwise, that he only describ'd the beginning, and first Rudiments of Poetry in his own Country. The Verses are these, which he cites from the First Epistle of the Second Book, which was Written to Augustus . Agricolæ prisci, fortes, parvoq; beati, Condita post frumenta, levantes tempore festo. Corpus ipsum animum spe finis dura ferentem, Cum sociis operum, pueris, conjuge fidâ, Tellurem Porco, Silvanum lacte piabant; Floribus vino Genium memorem brevis ævi: Fescennina per hunc invent a licentia morem. Versibus alternis, opprobria rustica fudit. Our Brawny Clowns of Old, who turn'd the soyl, Content with little, and inur'd to toyl, At Harvest home, with Mirth and Country Cheer. Restor'd their Bodies for another year: Refresh'd their Spirits, and renew'd their Hope, Of such a future Feast, and future Crop. Then with their Fellow-joggers of the Ploughs, Their little Children, and their faithful Spouse; A Sow they slew to Vesta's Deity; And kindly Milk, Silvanus, pour'd to thee.

With Flow'rs, and Wine, their Genius they ador'd; A short Life, and a merry, was the word. From flowing Cups defaming Rhymes ensue, And at each other homely Taunts they threw. [42] Yet since it is a hard Conjecture, that so Great a Man as Casaubon shou'd misapply what Horace writ concerning Ancient Rome , to the Ceremonies and Manners of Ancient Greece , I will not insist on this Opinion, but rather judge in general, that since all Poetry had its Original from Religion, that of the Grecians and Rome had the same beginning: Both were invented at Festivals of Thanksgiving: And both were prosecuted with Mirth and Raillery, and acts Rudiments of Verses: Amongst the Greeks , by those who Represented Satyrs ; and amongst the Romans by real Clowns. [49] Your Lordship has perceiv'd, by this time, that this Satyrique Tragedy, and the Roman Satire have little Resemblance in any of immigration paper their Features. The very Kinds are different: For what has a Pastoral Tragedy to do with a Paper of Verses Satirically written? The Character and Raillery of the Satyres is the only thing that cou'd pretend to a likeness: Were Scaliger and Heinsius alive to maintain their Opinion. And the first Farces of the Romans , which were the Rudiments of their Poetry, were written before they had any Communication with the Greeks ; or, indeed, any Knowledge of vanishing acts picoult that People. [51] The Grecians , besides these Satyrique Tragedies, had another kind of Poem, which they call'd Silli ; which were more of kin to the Roman Satire: Those Silli were indeed Invective Poems, but of powerpoint themes presentation a different Species from the Roman Poems of Ennius, Pacuvius, Lucilius, Horace , and vanishing acts by jodi the rest of their Successors. They were so call'd, says Casaubon in one place, from paper, Silenus , the Foster-Father of Bacchus ; but in another place, bethinking himself better, he derives their Name apo tou sillainein , from their Scoffing and Petulancy.

From some Fragments of the Silli , written by Timon , we may find, that they were Satyrique Poems, full of Parodies ; that is, of Verses patch'd up from vanishing acts by jodi, great Poets, and turn'd into long another Sence than their Author intended them. Such amongst the Romans is the Famous Cento of Ausonius ; where the words are Virgil's : But by applying them to another Sense, they are made a Relation of a Wedding-Night; and the Act of Consummation fulsomly describ'd in the very words of the most Modest amongst all Poets. Of the same manner are our Songs, which are turn'd into Burlesque; and the serious words of the Author perverted into a ridiculous meaning. Thus in Timon's Silli the words are generally those of vanishing by jodi picoult essay Homer , and the Tragick Poets; but he applies them Satyrically, to some Customs and environmental solution Kinds of vanishing by jodi Philosophy, which he arraigns. But the paper, Romans not using any of acts by jodi essay these Parodies in their Satyres sometimes, indeed, repeating Verses of other Men, as Persius cites some of Nero's ; but not turning them into another meaning, the Silli cannot be suppos'd to be the Original of Roman Satire. Environmental Problem Solution Essay! To these Silli consisting of Parodies , we may properly add, the Satires which were written against particular Persons; such as were the by jodi picoult, Iambiques of Archilocus against Lycambes , which Horace undoubtedly imitated in some of his Odes and Epodes , whose Titles bear sufficient witness of it: I might also name the Invective of immigration research Ovid against Ibis ; and acts essay many others: But these are the mechanical thesis, Under-wood of Satire, rather than the acts essay, Timber-Trees: They are not of long in an General Extension, as reaching only to some Individual Person. And Horace seems to have purg'd himself from those Splenetick Reflections in those Odes and Epodes , before he undertook the vanishing acts by jodi essay, Noble Work of Satires; which were properly so call'd. [52] Thus, my Lord, I have at length disengag'd my self from those Antiquities of Greece ; and have prov'd, I hope, from the immigration research, best Critiques, that the vanishing acts picoult essay, Roman Satire was not borrow'd from thence, but of their own Manufacture: I am now almost gotten into my depth; at least by the help of Dacier , I am swimming towards it.

Not that I will promise always to immigration follow him, any more than he follows Casaubon ; but to keep him in my Eye, as my best and truest Guide; and acts picoult where I think he may possibly mislead me, there to have recourse to quotations essay my own lights, as I expect that others should do by me. [53] Quintilian says, in plain words, Satira quidem tota, nostra est : And Horace had said the same thing before him, speaking of his Predecessor in that sort of Poetry, Et Græcis intacti Carminis Author . Nothing can be clearer than the Opinion of the Poet, and vanishing the Orator, both the best Criticks of the two best Ages of the Roman Empire, than that Satire was wholly of Latin growth, and not transplanted to Rome from Athens . Yet, as I have said, Scaliger , the Father, according to his Custom, that is, insolently enough, contradicts them both; and gives no better Reason, than the derivation of Satyrus from sathu , Salacitas ; and so from the Lechery of those Fauns, thinks he has sufficiently prov'd, that Satyre is deriv'd from research paper, them. As if Wantonness and lubricity, were Essential to that sort of Poem, which ought to vanishing acts by jodi be avoided in it. Unsw! His other Allegation, which I have already mention'd, is as pitiful: That the Satyres carried Platters and Canisters full of Fruit, in their Hands. If they had enter'd empty-handed, had they been ever the less Satyres ? Or were the Fruits and Flowers, which they offer'd, any thing of kin to Satyre? Or any Argument that this Poem was Originally Grecian? Causaubon judg'd better, and vanishing acts by jodi picoult his Opinion is grounded on sure Authority; that Satyre was deriv'd from powerpoint themes, Satura , a Roman word, which signifies Full, and Abundant; and full also of Variety, in which nothing is wanting to its due Perfection. 'Tis thus, says Dacier , that we lay a full Colour, when the Wool has taken the whole Tincture, and drunk in as much of the Dye as it can receive. According to this Derivation, from Satar comes Satura , or Satira : According to the new spelling, as optamus and maxumus are now spell'd optimus and maximus. Essay! Satura , as I have formerly noted, is an Adjective, and mechanical thesis relates to the word Lanx , which is understood. And this Lanx , in English a Charger, or large Platter, was yearly fill'd with all sorts of Fruits, which were offer'd to the Gods at their Festivals, as the Premices , or First Gatherings. These Offerings of vanishing acts essay several sorts thus mingl'd, 'tis true, were not unknown to the Grecians , who call'd them pankarpon thysian , a Sacrifice of all sorts of Fruits; and panspermion , when they offer'd all kinds of Grain. Environmental Problem Solution Essay! Virgil has mention'd these Sacrifices in vanishing by jodi essay his Georgiques . And in unsw mechanical thesis another place, Lancesq; liba feremus . That is, we offer the acts picoult, smoaking Entrails in great Platters; and we will offer the Chargers, and the Cakes.

[54] This word Satura has been afterward apply'd to many other sorts of Mixtures; as Festus calls it a kind of Olla , or hotch-potch, made of problem solution several sorts of Meats. Laws were also call'd Leges Saturæ ; when they were of several Heads and Titles; like our tack'd Bills of by jodi Parliament. Research Paper! And per Saturam legem ferre , in the Roman Senate, was to carry a Law without telling the Senatours, or counting Voices when they were in haste. Salust uses the vanishing acts essay, word per Saturam Sententias exquirere ; when the research, Majority was visibly on one side. From hence it might probably be conjectur'd, that the Discourses or Satyres of Ennius , Lucilius , and Horace , as we now call them, took their Name; because they are full of various Matters, and are also Written on various Subjects, as Porphyrius says. But Dacier affirms, that it is not immediately from acts picoult, thence that these Satyres are so call'd: For that Name had been us'd formerly for other things, which bore a nearer resemblance to those Discourses of Horace . Research! In explaining of which, (continues Dacier ) a Method is to be pursu'd, of which Casaubon himself has never thought, and which will put all things into so clear a light, that no farther room will be left for the least Dispute.

[55] During the space of picoult essay almost four hundred years, since the Building of ethics table papers their City, the Romans had never known any Entertainments of the Stage: Chance and Jollity first found out those Verses which they call'd Saturnian , and Fescennine : Or rather Humane Nature, which is inclin'd to Poetry, first produc'd them, rude and barbarous, and unpolish'd, as all other Operations of the Soul are in their beginnings, before they are Cultivated with Art and Study. However, in occasions of Merriment they were first practis'd; and this rough-cast unhewn Poetry, was instead of Stage-Plays for the space of an hundred and twenty years together. They were made extempore , and were, as the French call them, Impromptus : For which the vanishing acts by jodi, Tarsians of Old were much Renown'd; and we see the daily Examples of them in the Italian Farces of Harlequin , and Scaramucha . Such was the Poetry of that Salvage People, before it was tun'd into Numbers, and neutrality research the Harmony of Verse. Little of the Saturnian Verses is now remaining; we only acts essay, know from Authors, that they were nearer Prose than Poetry, without feet, or measure. They were enrhythmoi , but not emmetroi : Perhaps they might be us'd in the solemn part of their Ceremonies, and the Fescennine , which were invented after them, in their Afternoons Debauchery, because they were scoffing, and research obscene. [57] When they began to be somewhat better bred, and were entering, as I may say, into the first Rudiments of Civil Conversation, they left these Hedge Notes, for another sort of Poem, somewhat polish'd, which was also full of essay pleasant Raillery, but without any mixture of obscenity. This sort of Poetry appear'd under the name of Satire, because of its variety: And this Satire was adorn'd with Compositions of Musick, and with Dances: but Lascivious Postures were banish'd from it. In the Tuscan Language, says Livy , the word Hister signifies a Player: And therefore those Actors, which were first brought from Etruria to Rome , on occasion of a Pestilence; when the ethics theories term papers, Romans were admonish'd to avert the Anger of the Gods by Plays, in acts by jodi picoult essay the Year ab Urbe Condita , cccxc.

Those Actors, I say, were therefore call'd Histriones : And that Name has since remain'd, not only to Actors Roman born, but to all others of immigration every Nation. They Play'd not the former extempore stuff of Fescennine Verses, or Clownish Jests; but what they Acted, was a kind of civil cleanly Farce, with Musick and Dances, and Motions that were proper to the Subject. [68] Having thus brought down the vanishing acts picoult, History of Satire from its Original, to the times of Horace , and shewn the several changes of it, I shou'd here discover some of those Graces which Horace added to it, but that I think it will be more proper to defer that Undertaking, till I make the quotations in an essay, Comparison betwixt him and Juvenal . In the mean while, following the Order of Time, it will be necessary to say somewhat of another kind of Satire, which also was descended from the Ancient: 'Tis that which we call the Varronian Satire, but which Varro himself calls the Menippean ; because Varro , the most Learn'd of the Romans , was the first Author of acts by jodi picoult it, who imitated, in his Works, the Manners of Menippus the Gadarenian , who profess'd the Philosophy of the Cyniques . Immigration Paper! [69] This sort of Satire was not only compos'd of several sorts of Verse, like those of Ennius , but was also mix'd with Prose; and Greek was sprinkl'd amongst the by jodi, Latin. Quintilian , after he had spoken of the Satire of Lucilius , adds what follows. There is another and former kind of Satire, Compos'd by Terentius Varro, the most Learn'd of the Romans: In which he was not satisfy'd alone, with mingling in it several sorts of Verse. The only neutrality, difficulty of this Passage, is, that Quintilian tells us, that this Satire of vanishing acts by jodi picoult Varro was of ethics table a former kind. For how can we possibly imagine this to be, since Varro , who was contemporary to Cicero , must consequently be after Lucilius ? But Quintilian meant not, that the Satire of Varro was in order of vanishing Time before Lucilius ; he wou'd only give us to understand, that the Varronian Satire, with mixture of several sorts of Verses, was more after the ethics theories table term, manner of Ennius and Pacuvius , than that of Lucilius , who was more severe, and more correct, and gave himself less liberty in the mixture of by jodi his Verses, in the same Poem. [71] This we may believe for certain, That as his Subjects were various, so most of ethics theories papers them were Tales or Stories of his own invention. Which is vanishing essay, also manifest from Antiquity, by network research those Authors who are acknowledg'd to have written Varronian Satires, in imitation of his: Of whom the Chief is Petronius Arbiter , whose Satire, they say, is now Printing in acts essay Holland , wholly recover'd, and made compleat: When 'tis made publick, it will easily be seen by any one Sentence, whether it be supposititious, or genuine. Many of Lucian's Dialogues may also properly be call'd Varronian Satires; particularly his True History : And consequently the Golden Ass of Apuleius , which is taken from network research, him. Of the picoult, same stamp is the quotations, Mock Deification of Claudius , by vanishing picoult Seneca : And the Symposium or Cæsars of Julian the Emperour. Amongst the Moderns we may reckon the Encomium Moriæ of term papers Erasmus , Barclay's Euphormio , and a Volume of German Authors, which my ingenious Friend Mr. Charles Killigrew once lent me.

In the acts by jodi essay, English I remember none, which are mix'd with Prose, as Varro's were: But of the same kind is Mother Hubbard's Tale in Spencer ; and (if it be not too vain, to research paper mention any thing of my own) the Poems of Absalom , and Mac Fleckno . [72] This is what I have to say in General of Satire: Only as Dacier has observ'd before me, we may take notice, That the word Satire is of a more general signification in Latin, than in vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay French, or English. For amongst the Romans it was not only us'd for those Discourses which decry'd Vice, or expos'd Folly; but for paper others also, where Virtue was recommended. But in our Modern Languages we apply it only to invective Poems, where the by jodi picoult, very Name of Satire is formidable to those Persons, who wou'd appear to the World, what they are not in themselves. For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in thesis the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance . In the vanishing acts by jodi picoult, Criticism of Spelling, it ought to ethics table be with i and not with y ; to distinguish its true derivation from Satura , not from vanishing picoult essay, Satyrus . And if this be so, then 'tis false spell'd throughout this Book: For here 'tis written Satyr. Which having not consider'd at the first, I thought it not worth Correcting afterwards. But the French are more nice, and never spell it any other ways than Satire. Solution Essay! [73] I am now arriv'd at vanishing acts by jodi, the most difficult part of my Undertaking, which is, to compare Horace with Juvenal and Persius : 'Tis observ'd by Rigaltius , in his Preface before Juvenal , written to Thuanus , that these three Poets have all their particular Partisans , and Favourers: Every Commentator, as he has taken pains with any of them, thinks himself oblig'd to prefer his Author to the other two: To find out their Failings, and decry them, that he may make room for his own Darling. Such is the partiality of Mankind, to paper set up that Interest which they have once espous'd, though it be to the prejudice of Truth, Morality, and common Justice. Acts Picoult Essay! And especially in theories table the productions of the Brain. As Authors generally think themselves the best Poets, because they cannot go out of themselves, to picoult judge sincerely of powerpoint their Betters: So it is with Critiques, who, having first taken a liking to one of these Poets, proceed to Comment on vanishing by jodi picoult him, and to Illustrate him; after which they fall in love with their own Labours, to that degree of blind fondness, that at length they defend and exalt their Author, not so much for his sake as for their own. [. . Theories Term Papers! .] [74] It had been much fairer, if the vanishing acts essay, Modern Critiques, who have imbark'd in the Quarrels of their favourite Authors, had rather given to each his proper due; without taking from another's heap, to raise their own. There is paper, Praise enough for vanishing picoult each of them in particular, without encroaching on his Fellows, and detracting from term, them, or Enriching themselves with the acts, Spoils of long others.

But to come to particulars: Heinsius and Dacier , are the acts by jodi essay, most principal of those, who raise Horace above Juvenal and Persius . Scaliger the Father, Rigaltius , and many others, debase Horace , that they may set up Juvenal : And Casaubon , who is powerpoint themes for thesis, almost single, throws Dirt on Juvenal and Horace , that he may exalt Persius , whom he understood particularly well, and better than any of his former Commentators; even Stelluti who succeeded him. I will begin with him, who in acts by jodi essay my Opinion defends the weakest Cause, which is that of Persius ; and labouring, as Tacitus professes of network neutrality research his own Writing, to divest my self of partiality, or prejudice, consider Persius , not as a Poet, whom I have wholly Translated, and by jodi who has cost me more labour and time, than Juvenal ; but according to immigration paper what I judge to be his own Merit; which I think not equal in the main, to that of Juvenal or Horace ; and yet in vanishing acts picoult essay some things to be preferr'd to both of them. [75] First, then, for papers the Verse, neither Casaubon himself, nor any for him, can defend either his Numbers, or the vanishing acts essay, Purity of his Latin. Long Quotations! Casaubon gives this point for lost; and pretends not to justifie either the Measures, or the Words of Persius : He is evidently beneath Horace and by jodi picoult essay Juvenal , in both. [76] Then, as his Verse is scabrous, and hobbling, and his Words not every where well chosen, the purity of Latin being more corrupted, than in the time of Juvenal , and consequently of Horace , who writ when the Language was in the heighth of its perfection; so his diction is hard; his Figures are generally too bold and daring; and his Tropes, particularly his Metaphors, insufferably strain'd. [79] To consider Persius yet more closely: He rather insulted over Vice and Folly, than expos'd them, like Juvenal and Horace . And as Chaste, and Modest as he is in an essay, esteem'd, it cannot be deny'd, but that in some places, he is broad and fulsom, as the latter Verses of the Fourth Satire, and of the Sixth, sufficiently witness. And 'tis to be believ'd, that he who commits the same Crime often, and without Necessity, cannot but do it with some kind of Pleasure. [80] To come to a conclusion, He is manifestly below Horace ; because he borrows most of his greatest Beauties from him: And Casaubon is by jodi, so far from denying this; that he has written a Treatise purposely concerning it; wherein he shews a multitude of his Translations from Horace , and his imitations of him, for the Credit of his Author; which he calls Imitatio Horatiana . [81] To these defects, which I casually observ'd, while I was Translating this Author, Scaliger has added others: He calls him, in plain terms, a silly Writer, and a trifler; full of Ostentation of in an his Learning; and after all, unworthy to come into Competition with Juvenal and Horace . [87] The Comparison betwixt Horace and Juvenal is more difficult; because their Forces were more equal: A Dispute has always been, and by jodi picoult essay ever will continne, betwixt the Favourers of the two Poets. Non nostrum est tantas componere lites. I shall only venture to immigration research give my own Opinion, and by jodi essay leave it for better Judges to unsw mechanical determine. If it be only argu'd in vanishing acts by jodi general, which of them was the better Poet; the research, Victory is already gain'd on the side of acts picoult Horace . Virgil himself must yield to powerpoint for thesis presentation him in acts by jodi picoult the delicacy of his Turns, his choice of Words, and perhaps the Purity of his Latin. He who says that Pindar is immigration paper, inimitable, is vanishing acts by jodi essay, himself inimitable in his Odes . But the Contention betwixt these two great Masters, is for the Prize of Satire. In which Controversie, all the Odes , and Epodes of Horace are to table papers stand excluded. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult! I say this, because Horace has written many of them Satirically, against essay his private Enemies: Yet these, if justly consider'd, are somewhat of the Nature of the vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, Greek Silli , which were Invectives against particular Sects and Persons.

But Horace had purg'd himself of this Choler, before he enter'd on those Discourses, which are more properly call'd the Roman Satire: He has not now to do with a Lyce , a Canidia , a Cassius Severus , or a Menas ; but is to correct the Vices and the Follies of his Time, and to give the Rules of research paper a Happy and Virtuous Life. In a word, that former sort of Satire, which is known in England by the Name of Lampoon, is a dangerous sort of vanishing acts essay Weapon, and for thesis the most part Unlawful. We have no Moral right on the Reputation of other Men. Vanishing Picoult! 'Tis taking from them, what we cannot restore to them. There are only two Reasons, for ethics theories term which we may be permitted to write Lampoons; and I will not promise that they can always justifie us: The first is vanishing by jodi picoult, Revenge, when we have been affronted in the same Nature, or have been any ways notoriously abus'd and can make our selves no other Reparation. And yet we know, that, in Christian Charity, all Offences are to be forgiven; as we expect the like Pardon for those which we daily commit against Almighty God. And this Consideration has often made me tremble when I was saying our Saviour's Prayer; for quotations essay the plain Condition of the forgiveness which we beg, is the pardoning of others the Offences which they have done to vanishing by jodi us: For which Reason I have many times avoided the Commission of that Fault; ev'n when I have been notoriously provok'd. Let not this, my Lord, pass for Vanity in me: For 'tis truth. More Libels have been written against me, than almost any Man now living: And I had Reason on research my side, to vanishing acts by jodi have defended my own Innocence: I speak not of my Poetry, which I have wholly given up to the Criticks; let them use it, as they please; Posterity, perhaps, may be more favourable to me: For Interest and long essay Passion, will lye bury'd in another Age: And Partiality and Prejudice be forgotten. I speak of my Morals, which have been sufficiently aspers'd: That only picoult essay, sort of Reputation ought to be dear to every honest Man, and long quotations essay is to me.

But let the vanishing, World witness for me, that I have been often wanting to my self in that particular; I have seldom answer'd any scurrilous Lampoon: When it was in my power to have expos'd my Enemies: And being naturally vindicative, have suffer'd in silence; and possess'd my Soul in quiet. [88] Any thing, tho' never so little, which a Man speaks of himself, in my Opinion, is still too much, and therefore I will wave this Subject; and long quotations essay proceed to give the by jodi, second Reason, which may justifie a Poet, when he writes against a particular Person; and that is, when he is become a Publick Nuisance. All those, whom Horace in unsw mechanical his Satires, and Persius and Juvenal have mention'd in theirs, with a Brand of infamy, are wholly such. 'Tis an Action of Virtue to make Examples of vicious Men. By Jodi Picoult! They may and research paper ought to be upbraided with their Crimes and Follies: Both for vanishing acts picoult their own amendment, if they are not yet incorrigible; and for the Terrour of others, to hinder them from falling into those Enormities, which they see are so severely punish'd, in the Persons of others: The first Reason was only an Excuse for Revenge: But this second is absolutely of a Poet's Office to perform: But how few Lampooners are there now living, who are capable of this Duty! When they come in my way, 'tis impossible sometimes to avoid reading them. But, good God, how remote they are in common Justice, from the choice of such Persons as are the proper Subject of quotations essay Satire! And how little Wit they bring, for the support of their injustice! The weaker Sex is their most ordinary Theme: And the best and fairest are sure to be the most severely handled. Amongst Men, those who are prosperously unjust, are Intitled to a Panegyrick. But afflicted Virtue is insolently stabb'd with all manner of Reproaches. No Decency is consider'd, no fulsomness omitted; no Venom is wanting, as far as dullness can supply it. For there is vanishing essay, a perpetual Dearth of Wit; a Barrenness of good Sense, and Entertainment.

The neglect of the Readers, will soon put an end to network research this sort of acts picoult scribling. There can be no pleasantry where there is no Wit: No Impression can be made, where there is no Truth for the Foundation. To conclude, they are like the Fruits of the for thesis, Earth in vanishing acts picoult essay this unnatural Season: The Corn which held up its Head, is spoil'd with rankness: But the powerpoint, greater part of the Harvest is by jodi picoult essay, laid along, and little of good Income, and wholesom Nourishment is mechanical thesis, receiv'd into by jodi picoult essay the Barns. This is almost a digression, I confess to your Lordship; but a just indignation forc'd it from theories table, me. By Jodi Essay! Now I have remov'd this Rubbish, I will return to the Comparison of Juvenal and Horace . [89] I wou'd willingly divide the Palm betwixt them; upon the two Heads of Profit and Delight, which are the neutrality paper, two Ends of Poetry in general. Vanishing Essay! It must be granted by the Favourers of Juvenal , that Horace is the more Copious, and in an Profitable in his Instructions of Humane Life. But in my particular Opinion, which I set not up for a Standard to better Judgments, Juvenal is the more delightful Author.

I am profited by both, I am pleas'd with both; but I owe more to acts essay Horace for my Instruction; and more to Juvenal , for powerpoint themes presentation my Pleasure. This, as I said, is my particular Taste of these two Authors: They who will have either of them to acts picoult excel the other in themes presentation both qualities, can scarce give better Reasons for their Opinion, than I for mine: But all unbiass'd Readers, will conclude, that my Moderation is not to be Condemn'd: To such Impartial Men I must appeal: For they who have already form'd their Judgment, may justly stand suspected of prejudice; and tho all who are my Readers, will set up to picoult be my Judges, I enter my Caveat against them, that they ought not so much as to be of my Jury. Or, if they be admitted, 'tis but Reason, that they shou'd first hear, what I have to urge in the Defence of themes presentation my Opinion. [90] That Horace is somewhat the better Instructor of the two, is by jodi, prov'd from hence, that his Instructions are more general: Juvenal's more limited. So that granting, that the Counsels which they give, are equally good for Moral Use; Horace , who gives the research paper, most various Advice, and most applicable to all Occasions, which can occurr to us, in the course of acts our Lives; as including in his Discourses, not only all the Rules of Morality, but also of Civil Conversation; is, undoubtedly, to be preferr'd to him, who is more circumscrib'd in his Instructions, makes them to quotations fewer People, and on fewer Occasions, than the other. I may be pardon'd for using an Old Saying, since 'tis true, and to the purpose, Bonum que communius, eo melius. Juvenal , excepting only his first Satire, is in all the rest confin'd, to the exposing of some particuler Vice; that he lashes, and there he sticks.

His Sentences are truly shining and instructive: But they are sprinkl'd here and there. Horace is teaching us in every Line, and is perpetually Moral; he had found out the Skill of Virgil , to hide his Sentences: To give you the Virtue of them, without shewing them in their full extent: Which is the Ostentation of a Poet, and vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay not his Art: And this Petronius charges on the Authors of his Time, as a Vice of Writing, which was then growing on the Age. Ne Sententiæ extra Corpus Orationis emineant : He wou'd have them weav'd into the Body of the Work, and not appear emboss'd upon it, and striking directly on the Reader's view. Folly was the proper Quarry of Horace , and not Vice: And, as there are but few Notoriously Wicked Men, in in an comparison with a Shoal of Fools, and Fops; so 'tis a harder thing to vanishing make a Man Wise, than to make him Honest: For the Will is immigration research, only to be reclaim'd in the one; but the Understanding is to be inform'd in the other. Vanishing Acts Picoult! There are Blind-sides and Follies, even in term papers the Professors of Moral Philosophy; and there is not any one Sect of them that Horace has not expos'd. Which as it was not the vanishing picoult essay, Design of neutrality research paper Juvenal , who was wholly employ'd in lashing Vices, some of them the most enormous that can be imagin'd; so perhaps, it was not so much his Talent. Vanishing Acts Essay! Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico, tangit, admissus circum præcordia ludit. This was the Commendation which Persius gave him: Where by Vitium , he means those little Vices, which we call Follies, the defects of Humane Understanding, or at most the Peccadillos of Life, rather than the Tragical Vices, to which Men are hurri'd by their unruly Passions and exorbitant Desires. But in the word omne , which is universal, he concludes, with me, that the Divine Wit of Horace , left nothing untouch'd; that he enter'd into the inmost Recesses of Nature; found out the Imperfections even of the most Wise and Grave, as well as of the Common People: Discovering, even in the great Trebatius , to whom he addresses the first Satire, his hunting after Business, and following the Court, as well as in the Persecutor Crispinus , his impertinence and importunity. Long In An! 'Tis true, he exposes Crispinus openly, as a common Nuisance: But he rallies the other, as a Friend, more finely. Acts By Jodi Picoult Essay! The Exhortations of Persius are confin'd to Noblemen: And the in an essay, Stoick Philosophy, is picoult essay, that alone, which he recommends to immigration research paper them: Juvenal Exhorts to particular Virtues, as they are oppos'd to those Vices against which he declaims: But Horace laughs to shame, all Follies, and insinuates Virtue, rather by familiar Examples, than by the severity of Precepts. [91] This last Consideration seems to incline the Ballance on the side of Horace , and to give him the preference to Juvenal , not only in Profit, but in Pleasure.

But, after all, I must confess, that the Delight which Horace gives me, is picoult, but languishing. Be pleas'd still to understand, that I speak of my own Taste only: He may Ravish other Men; but I am too stupid and insensible, to be tickl'd. Where he barely grins himself, and, as Scaliger says, only shews his white Teeth, he cannot provoke me to any Laughter. His Urbanity, that is, his Good Manners, are to be commended, but his Wit is faint; and his Salt, if I may dare to ethics table papers say so, almost insipid. Vanishing By Jodi Essay! Juvenal is in an, of a more vigorous and Masculine Wit, he gives me as much Pleasure as I can bear: He fully satisfies my Expectation, he Treats his Subject home: His Spleen is rais'd, and he raises mine: I have the Pleasure of Concernment in all he says; He drives his Reader along with him; and when he is at the end of his way, I willingly stop with him: If he went another Stage, it wou'd be too far, it wou'd make a Journey of a Progress, and vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay turn Delight into Fatigue. When he gives over, 'tis a sign the thesis, Subject is by jodi picoult, exhausted; and the Wit of Man can carry it no farther. If a Fault can be justly found in him; 'tis that he is sometimes too luxuriant, too redundant; says more than he needs, like my Friend the Plain Dealer , but never more than pleases. Add to this, that his Thoughts are as just as those of Horace , and much more Elevated. His Expressions are Sonorous and more Noble; his Verse more numerous, and his Words are suitable to his Thoughts; sublime and lofty. All these contribute to the Pleasure of the Reader, and the greater the Soul of network neutrality research paper him who Reads, his Transports are the acts by jodi, greater. Horace is always on the Amble, Juvenal on the Gallop: But his way is perpetually on Carpet Ground.

He goes with more impetuosity than Horace ; but as securely; and the swiftness adds a more lively agitation to the Spirits. The low Style of Horace , is according to his Subject; that is generally groveling. I question not but he cou'd have rais'd it. For the First Epistle of the Second Book, which he writes to immigration research paper Augustus , (a most instructive Satire concerning Poetry,) is acts picoult, of so much Dignity in the Words, and of so much Elegancy in the Numbers, that the Author plainly shews, the Sermo Pedestris , in his other Satires, was rather his Choice than his Necessity. He was a Rival to term Lucilius his Predecessor; and was resolv'd to acts surpass him in powerpoint for thesis his own Manner. Acts By Jodi Essay! Lucilius , as we see by his remaining Fragments, minded neither his Style nor his Numbers, nor his purity of words, nor his run of Verse.

Horace therefore copes with him in that humble way of ethics theories term Satire. Writes under his own force, and carries a dead Weight, that he may match his Competitor in acts picoult essay the Race. This I imagine was the chief Reason, why he minded only the clearness of themes presentation his Satire, and the cleanness of Expression, without ascending to those heights, to which his own vigour might have carri'd him. But limiting his desires only to the Conquest of Lucilius , he had his Ends of his Rival, who liv'd before him; but made way for a new Conquest over himself, by Juvenal his Successor. He cou'd not give an equal pleasure to his Reader, because he us'd not equal Instruments. The fault was in acts by jodi the Tools, and not in the Workman. But Versification, and Numbers, are the greatest Pleasures of Poetry: Virgil knew it, and practis'd both so happily; that for ought I know, his greatest Excellency is in research paper his Diction.

In all other parts of Poetry, he is faultless; but in this he plac'd his chief perfection. And give me leave, my Lord, since I have here an apt occasion, to say, that Virgil , cou'd have written sharper Satires, than either Horace or Juvenal , if he wou'd have employ'd his Talent, that way. I will produce a Verse and half of his, in vanishing picoult essay one of research paper his Eclogues, to justifie my Opinion: And with Comma's after every Word, to shew, that he has given almost as many lashes, as he has written Syllables. 'Tis against a bad Poet; whose ill Verses he describes. Non tu, in triviis, indocte, solebas, stridenti, miserum, stipula, disperdere carmen? But to vanishing acts by jodi return to my purpose, when there is any thing deficient in Numbers, and Sound, the Reader is uneasie, and unsatisfi'd; he wants something of immigration research his Complement, desires somewhat which he finds not: And this being the manifest defect of Horace , 'tis no wonder, that finding it supply'd in acts picoult Juvenal , we are more Delighted with him. And besides this, the themes for thesis presentation, Sauce of Juvenal is more poignant, to create in us an Appetite of vanishing picoult Reading him.

The Meat of Horace is more nourishing; but the Cookery of Juvenal more exquisite; so that, granting Horace to be the themes presentation, more general Philosopher; we cannot deny, that Juvenal was the greater Poet. I mean in vanishing acts by jodi Satire. Theories Table Term! His Thoughts are sharper, his Indignation against Vice is more vehement; his Spirit has more of the Commonwealth Genius; he treats Tyranny, and acts by jodi picoult all the network neutrality paper, Vices attending it, as they deserve, with the vanishing acts picoult, utmost rigour: And consequently, a Noble Soul is better pleas'd with a Zealous Vindicator of Roman Liberty; than with a Temporizing Poet, a well Manner'd Court Slave, and a Man who is often afraid of Laughing in the right place: Who is ever decent, because he is solution essay, naturally servile. After all, Horace had the disadvantage of the Times in which he liv'd; they were better for the Man, but worse for the Satirist. Acts By Jodi Picoult! 'Tis generally said, that those Enormous Vices, which were practis'd under the Reign of Domitian , were unknown in the Time of Augustus Cæsar . That therefore Juvenal had a larger Field, than Horace . Little Follies were out of doors, when Oppression was to be scourg'd instead of Avarice: It was no longer time to turn into neutrality paper Ridicule, the by jodi essay, false Opinions of ethics table Philosophers; when the Roman Liberty was to be asserted. By Jodi Essay! There was more need of a Brutus in Domitian's Days, to redeem or mend, than of a Horace , if he had then been Living, to long essay Laugh at a Fly-Catcher. This Reflection at the same time excuses Horace , but exalts Juvenal . Acts By Jodi Essay! I have ended, before I was aware, the research paper, Comparison of Horace and Juvenal , upon the Topiques of Instruction and Delight; and indeed I may safely here conclude that common-place: For if we make Horace our Minister of State in by jodi Satire, and Juvenal of our private Pleasures: I think the latter has no ill bargain of it.

Let Profit have the preheminence of Honour, in the End of theories term papers Poetry. Pleasure, though but the second in degree, is the first in favour. And who wou'd not chuse to be lov'd better, rather than to be more esteem'd? But I am enter'd already upon another Topique; which concerns the particular Merits of these two Satirists. However, I will pursue my business where I left it: And carry it farther than that common observation of the several Ages, in which these Authors Flourish'd.

When Horace writ his Satires, the Monarchy of his Cæsar was in its newness; and the Government but just made easie to the Conquer'd People. They cou'd not possibly have forgotten the Usurpation of that Prince upon their Freedom, nor the violent Methods which he had us'd, in the compassing of that vast Design: They yet remember'd his Proscriptions, and the Slaughter of so many Noble Romans , their Defendors. Amongst the rest, that horrible Action of essay his, when he forc'd Livia from the Arms of her Husband, who was constrain'd to see her Marry'd, as Dion relates the environmental essay, Story; and, big with Child as she was, convey'd to the Bed of his insulting Rival. The same Dion Cassius gives us another instance of the Crime before mention'd: That Cornelius Sisenna , being reproach'd in full Senate, with the Licentious Conduct of his Wife, return'd this Answer; That he had Marry'd her by the Counsel of Augustus : Intimating, says my Author, that Augustus had oblig'd him to that Marriage, that he might, under that covert, have the more free access to her. His Adulteries were still before their Eyes, but they must be patient, where they had not power. Vanishing! In other things that Emperor was Moderate enough: Propriety was generally secur'd; and the People entertain'd with publick Shows, and Donatives, to make them more easily digest their lost Liberty. But Augustus , who was conscious to himself, of so many Crimes which he had committed, thought in the first place to immigration paper provide for his own Reputation, by making an Edict against vanishing by jodi picoult essay Lampoons and Satires, and the Authors of those defamatory Writings, which my Author Tacitus , from the Law-Term, calls famosos libellos . [94] Thus I have treated in a new Method, the Comparison betwixt Horace , Juvenal , and Persius ; somewhat of their particular manner belonging to all of them is yet remaining to be consider'd. Persius was Grave, and particularly oppos'd his Gravity to Lewdness, which was the Predominant Vice in for thesis presentation Nero's Court, at the time when he publish'd his Satires, which was before that Emperour fell into the excess of picoult Cruelty.

Horace was a Mild Admonisher, a Court Satirist, fit for the gentle Times of Augustus , and more fit, for the Reasons which I have already given. Juvenal was as proper for environmental problem his Times, as they for theirs. His was an Age that deserv'd a more severe Chastisement. Vices were more gross and open, more flagitious, more encourag'd by the Example of a Tyrant; and more protected by his Authority. Therefore, wheresoever Juvenal mentions Nero , he means Domitian , whom he dares not attack in his own Person, but Scourges him by Proxy. Heinsius urges in vanishing praise of unsw mechanical Horace , that according to the Ancient Art and Law of Satire, it shou'd be nearer to Comedy, than to Tragedy; Not declaiming against Vice, but only laughing at it.

Neither Persius , nor Juvenal were ignorant of this, for they had both study'd Horace . And the thing it self is plainly true. But as they had read Horace , they had likewise read Lucilius , of whom Persius says secuit Urbem; genuinum fregit in illis ; meaning Mutius and Lupus : And Juvenal also mentions him in these words, Ense velut stricto, quoties Lucilius ardens Infremuit , c. So that they thought the imitation of Lucilius was more proper to their purpose than that of Horace . They chang'd Satire, says Holiday ; but they chang'd it for the better; For the business being to Reform great Vices, Chastisement goes farther than Admonition; whereas a perpetual Grinn, like that of Horace , does rather anger than amend a Man. [95] Thus far that Learned Critick, Barten Holiday , whose Interpretation, and Illustrations of Juvenal are as Excellent, as the Verse of his Translation and picoult his English are lame, and pitiful. For 'tis not enough to give us the meaning of a Poet, which I acknowledge him to neutrality research paper have perform'd most faithfully; but he must also imitate his Genius, and his Numbers; as far as the vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, English will come up to the Elegance of the Original. In few words, 'tis only for a Poet to Translate a Poet. Holiday and Stapylton had not enough consider'd this, when they attempted Juvenal : But I forbear Reflections; only I beg leave to take notice of this Sentence, where Holiday says, A perpetual Grinn, like that of immigration Horace, rather angers than amends a Man . I cannot give him up the Manner of Horace in low Satire so easily: Let the acts, Chastisements of Juvenal be never so necessary for his new kind of Satire; let him declaim as wittily and sharply as he pleases, yet still the nicest and most delicate touches of Satire consist in fine Raillery. For Thesis! This, my Lord, is acts by jodi picoult essay, your particular Talent, to which even Juvenal could not arrive. Powerpoint! 'Tis not Reading, 'tis not imitation of an Author, which can produce this fineness: It must be inborn, it must proceed from a Genius, and vanishing acts picoult particular way of thinking, which is not to mechanical thesis be taught; and therefore not to be imitated by him who has it not from Nature: How easie it is to call Rogue and Villain, and vanishing by jodi picoult that wittily? But how hard to make a Man appear a Fool, a Blockhead, or a Knave, without using any of those opprobrious terms? To spare the grossness of the Names, and to do the powerpoint themes for thesis, thing yet more severely, is to draw a full Face, and to make the Nose and vanishing Cheeks stand out, and yet not to employ any depth of Shadowing.

This is the Mystery of that Noble Trade; which yet no Master can teach to his Apprentice: He may give the Rules, but the Scholar is never the nearer in his practice. Neither is it true, that this fineness of Raillery is ethics table term, offensive. A witty Man is tickl'd while he is hurt in this manner and a Fool feels it not. Vanishing Acts! The occasion of an Offence may possibly be given, but he cannot take it. If it be granted that in effect this way does more Mischief; that a Man is secretly wounded, and though he be not sensible himself, yet the essay, malicious World will find it for him: Yet there is still a vast difference betwixt the slovenly Butchering of a Man, and the fineness of a stroak that separates the Head from the Body, and vanishing by jodi leaves it standing in immigration its place. A man may be capable, as Jack Ketche 's Wife said of his Servant, of picoult essay a plain piece of Work, a bare Hanging; but to make a Malefactor die sweetly, was only belonging to her Husband. I wish I cou'd apply it to neutrality research paper my self, if the Reader wou'd be kind enough to by jodi picoult think it belongs to thesis me.

The Character of Zimri in my Absalom , is, in my Opinion, worth the whole Poem: 'Tis not bloody, but 'tis ridiculous enough. And he for whom it was intended, was too witty to resent it as an injury. If I had rail'd, I might have suffer'd for it justly: But I manag'd my own Work more happily, perhaps more dextrously. I avoided the mention of great Crimes, and apply'd my self to the representing of Blind-sides, and little Extravagancies: To which, the wittier a Man is, he is generally the more obnoxious. Vanishing Essay! It succeeded as I wish'd; the Jest went round, and he was laught at in his turn who began the Frolick. [96] And thus, My Lord, you see I have preferr'd the Manner of Horace , and of your Lordship, in this kind of Satire, to that of Juvenal ; and I think, reasonably.

Holiday ought not to have Arraign'd so Great an environmental, Author, for that which was his Excellency and his Merit: Or if he did, on such a palpable mistake, he might expect, that some one might possibly arise, either in vanishing acts picoult essay his own Time, or after him, to rectifie his Error, and neutrality paper restore to Horace , that Commendation, of which he has so unjustly robb'd him. And let the Manes of Juvenal forgive me, if I say, that this way of Horace was the best, for amending Manners, as it is the most difficult. His was, an Ense rescindendum ; but that of vanishing picoult Horace was a Pleasant Cure, with all the Limbs preserv'd entire: And as our Mountebanks tell us in their Bills, without keeping the Patient within Doors for a Day. What they promise only, Horace has effectually Perform'd: Yet I contradict not the Proposition which I formerly advanc'd: Juvenal 's Times requir'd a more painful kind of Operation: But if he had liv'd in mechanical thesis the Age of Horace , I must needs affirm, that he had it not about him. He took the Method which was prescrib'd him by his own Genius; which was sharp and eager; he cou'd not Rally, but he cou'd Declame: And as his provocations were great, he has reveng'd them Tragically. This notwithstanding, I am to by jodi picoult say another Word, which, as true as it is, will yet displease the immigration research paper, partial Admirers of our Horace . I have hinted it before; but tis time for me now to speak more plainly. [97] This Manner of Horace is indeed the best; but Horace has not executed it, altogether so happily, at least not often.

The Manner of Juvenal is confess'd to be Inferior to the former; but Juvenal , has excell'd him in acts picoult essay his Performance. Juvenal has rail'd more wittily than Horace has rally'd. Horace means to make his Reader Laugh; but he is not sure of his Experiment. Ethics Theories Table Papers! Juvenal always intends to move your Indignation; and acts by jodi he always brings about his purpose. Horace , for theories table term papers ought I know, might have tickl'd the picoult, People of his Age; but amongst the Moderns he is not so Successfull. They who say he Entertains so Pleasantly, may perhaps value themselves on the quickness of their own Understandings, that they can see a Jest farther off than other men. They may find occasion of research Laughter, in the Wit-battel of the Two Buffoons, Sarmentus and Cicerrus : And hold their sides for fear of bursting, when Rupilius and Persius are Scolding. For my own part, I can only like the Characters of all Four, which are judiciously given: But for my heart I cannot so much as smile at their Insipid Raillery. I see not why Persius shou'd call upon Brutus , to revenge him on his Adversary: And that because he had kill'd Julius Cesar , for endeavouring to vanishing by jodi be a King, therefore he shou'd be desir'd to Murther Rupilius , only because his Name was Mr.

King . A miserable Clench, in my Opinion, for Horace to Record: I have heard honest Mr. Swan make many a better, and yet have had the Grace to hold my Countenance. But it may be Puns were then in Fashion, as they were Wit in immigration research paper the Sermons of the last Age, and in the Court of King Charles the Second. I am sorry to say it, for the sake of Horace ; but certain it is, he has no fine Palate who can feed so heartily on Garbidge. [98] But I have already wearied my self, and acts by jodi picoult essay doubt not but I have tir'd your Lordships Patience, with this long rambling, and I fear, trivial Discourse. Upon the one half of the Merits, that is, Pleasure, I cannot but conclude that Juvenal was the better Satirist: They who will descend into his particular Praises, may find them at large, in the Dissertation of the Learned Rigaltius to Thuanus . For Thesis! As for vanishing acts by jodi essay Persius , I have given the Reasons, why I think him Inferior to both of them.

Yet I have one thing to add on that Subject. [99] Barten Holiday , who Translated both Juvenal and ethics Persius , has made this distinction betwixt them, which is no less true than Witty; that, in Persius the difficulty is to find a Meaning; in Juvenal , to chuse a Meaning: So Crabbed is vanishing by jodi picoult essay, Persius , and so Copious is Juvenal : So much the Understanding is employ'd in one; and theories table papers so much the Judgment in the other. So difficult it is, to acts by jodi picoult find any Sense in the former, and the best Sense of the latter. [100] If, on mechanical thesis the other side, any one suppose I have commended Horace below his Merit, when I have allow'd him but the Second Place, I desire him to consider, if Juvenal , a Man of Excellent Natural Endowments, besides the advantages of Diligence and Study, and acts picoult coming after him, and Building upon his Foundations might not probably, with all these helps, surpass him? And whether it be any dishonour to Horace , to be thus surpass'd; since no Art, or Science, is at essay, once begun and perfected, but that it must pass first through many hands, and even through several Ages? If Lucilius cou'd add to Ennius , and Horace to Lucilius , why, without any diminution to the Fame of Horace , might not Juvenal give the last perfection to that Work? Or rather, what disreputation is vanishing by jodi, it to long quotations essay Horace , that Juvenal Excels in vanishing acts picoult essay the Tragical Satyre, as Horace does in the Comical? I have read over attentively, both Heinsius and Dacier , in their Commendations of unsw Horace : But I can find no more in either of them, for the preference of him to Juvenal , than the Instructive Part; the Part of acts essay Wisdom, and ethics papers not that of Pleasure; which therefore is here allow'd him, notwithstanding what Scaliger and Rigaltius have pleaded to the contrary for Juvenal . Vanishing Picoult! And to shew I am Impartial, I will here Translate what Dacier has said on that Subject. Quotations In An Essay! [101] I cannot give a more just Idea of the Two Books of Satires, made by Horace , than by vanishing acts picoult essay compairing them to the Statues of the Sileni , to which Alcbiades compares Socrates , in neutrality research paper the Symposium.

They were Figures, which had nothing of agreeable, nothing of Beauty on their out side: But when any one took the Pains to vanishing picoult essay open them, and search into them, he there found the Figures of all the Deities. Paper! So, in the Shape that Horace Presents himself to us, in vanishing acts essay his Satires, we see nothing at quotations in an essay, the first View, which deserves our Attention. It seems that he is rather an acts, Amusement for Children, than for the serious consideration of Men. But when we take away his Crust, and that which hides him from our sight; when we discover him to the bottom, then we find all the Divinities in a full Assembly: That is to say, all the Virtues, which ought to neutrality research paper be the continual exercise of those, who seriously endeavour to Correct their Vices. [102] 'Tis easy to Observe, that Dacier , in this Noble Similitude, has confin'd the Praise of his Author, wholly to the Instructive Part: The commendation turns on this, and picoult so does that which follows. [103] In these Two Books of Satire, 'tis the business of Horace to instruct us how to combat our Vices, to regulate our Passions, to follow Nature, to give Bounds to our desires, to quotations essay Distinguish betwixt Truth and Falshood, and betwixt our Conceptions of Things, and Things themselves. Acts By Jodi! To come back from our prejudicate Opinions, to immigration paper understand exactly the by jodi picoult essay, Principles and Motives of all our Actions; and to avoid the Ridicule, into which all men necessarily fall, who are Intoxicated with those Notions, which they have received from their Masters; and which they obstinately retain, without examining whether or no they are founded on right Reason. [104] In a Word, he labours to render us happy in relation to our selves, agreeable and faithful to our Friends, and discreet, serviceable, and well bred in relation to those with whom we are oblig'd to live, and to problem essay converse. To make his Figures Intelligible, to conduct his Readers through the Labyrinth of acts picoult some perplex'd Sentence, or obscure Parenthesis, is theories term papers, no great matter. Essay! And as Epictetus says, there is nothing of Beauty in all this, or what is worthy of a Prudent Man. The Principal business, and which is themes for thesis presentation, of most Importance to us, is to shew the Use, the Reason, and the Proof of his Precepts. [105] They who endeavour not to correct themselves, according to so exact a Model; are just like the Patients, who have open before them a Book of Admirable Receipts, for their Diseases, and please themselves with reading it, without Comprehending the Nature of the Remedies; or how to apply them to their Cure. Vanishing Acts By Jodi Picoult! [106] Let Horace go off with these Encomiums, which he has so well deserv'd. Problem! [107] To conclude the contention betwixt our Three Poets, I will use the Words of Virgil , in his Fifth Æneid , where Æneas proposes the Rewards of the Foot-Race, to the Three first, who shou'd reach the Goal Tres præmia primi, accipient; flavaque Caput nectentur Olivâ : Let these Three Ancients be preferr'd to all the Moderns; as first arriving at the Goal: Let them all be Crown'd as Victours; with the by jodi picoult, Wreath that properly belongs to Satire. But, after that, with this distinction amongst themselves, Primus equum phaleris insignem, Victor habeto . Let Juvenal Ride first in Triumph.

Alter Amazoniam, pharetram; plenamque Sagittis Threiciis, lato quam circumplectitur auro Balteus, tereti Subnectit Fibula gemmâ. Theories Table Term! Let Horace who is the Second, and but just the Second, carry off the Quivers, and the Arrows; as the Badges of his Satire, and the Golden Belt, and vanishing picoult the Diamond Button. Tertius, Argolico hoc Clypeo contentus abito. And let Persius , the research paper, last of the first Three Worthies, be contented with this Grecian Shield, and with Victory not only over all the Grecians , who were Ignorant of the Roman Satire, but over all the Moderns in acts by jodi Succeeding Ages; excepting Boileau and your Lordship. [108] And thus, I have given the History of Satire, and deriv'd it as far as from Ennius , to your Lordship; that is, from its first Rudiments of Barbarity, to its last Polishing and Perfection: Which is, with Virgil , in his Address to Augustus ; Tithoni primâ quot abest ab origine Cæsar. I said only from Ennius ; but I may safely carry it higher, as far as Livius Andronicus ; who, as I have said formerly, taught the first Play at Rome in the Year ab urbe conditâ , 514. Theories Term! I have since desir'd my Learn'd Friend, Mr. Maidwell , to compute the difference of acts by jodi Times, betwixt Aristophanes , and Livius Andronicus ; and he assures me, from the best Chronologers, that Plutus , the last of Aristophanes's his Plays, was Represented at theories table, Athens , in the Year of the 97th Olympiad; which agrees with the Year Urbis Conditæ 364: So that the difference of Years betwixt Aristophanes and Andronicus is 150; from picoult essay, whence I have probably deduc'd, that Livius Andronicus , who was a Grecian , had read the Plays of the Old Comedy, which were Satyrical, and also of the New; for Menander was fifty Years before him, which must needs be a great light to him, in his own Plays; that were of the Satirical Nature. That the Romans had Farces before this, 'tis true; but then they had no Communication with Greece : So that Andronicus was the environmental solution essay, first, who wrote after the manner of the Old Comedy, in his Plays; he was imitated by Ennius , about vanishing by jodi picoult, Thirty Years afterwards. Though the former writ Fables; the latter, speaking properly, began the paper, Roman Satire.

According to that Description, which Juvenal gives of vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay it in his First; Quicquid agunt homines votum, timor, ira, voluptas, gaudia, discursus, nostri est farrago libelli . This is solution, that in which I have made bold to vanishing acts picoult essay differ from Casaubon , Rigaltius , Dacier , and indeed, from all the Modern Critiques, that not Ennius , but Andronicus was the First; who by the Archæa Comedia of the immigration research paper, Greeks , added many Beauties to the first Rude and Barbarous Roman , Satire: Which sort of Poem, tho' we had not deriv'd from Rome , yet Nature teaches it Mankind, in all Ages, and in by jodi essay every Country. [109] 'Tis but necessary, that after so much has been said of Satire, some Definition of it should be given. Heinsius , in problem solution essay his Dissertations on acts picoult Horace , makes it for me, in these words; Satire is a kind of Poetry, without a Series of Action, invented for the purging of our Minds; in neutrality which Humane Vices, Ignorance, and Errors, and all things besides, which are produc'd from vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, them, in every Man, are severely Reprehended; partly Dramatically, partly Simply, and sometimes in both kinds of speaking; but for the most part Figuratively, and Occultly; consisting in a low familiar way, chiefly in a sharp and pungent manner of Speech; but partly, also, in a Facetious and Civil way of Jesting; by which, either Hatred, or Laughter, or Indignation is mov'd. Where I cannot but observe, that this obscure and perplex'd Definition, or rather Description of Satire, is wholly accommodated to the Horatian way; and excluding the Works of Juvenal and unsw mechanical Persius , as foreign from that kind of Poem: The Clause in the beginning of it (without a Series of vanishing by jodi picoult essay Action) distinguishes Satire properly from research paper, Stage-Plays, which are all of one Action, and picoult essay one continu'd Series of Action. The End or Scope of Satire is to purge the Passions; so far it is common to the Satires of theories papers Juvenal and Persius : The rest which follows, is also generally belonging to all three; till he comes upon us, with the Excluding Clause ( consisting in a low familiar way of Speech ) which is the proper Character of Horace ; and from which, the other two, for their Honour be it spoken, are far distant. But how come Lowness of Style, and vanishing picoult essay the Familiarity of Words to table term be so much the Propriety of Satire, that without them, a Poet can be no more a Satirist, than without Risibility he can be a Man? Is the fault of Horace to be made the acts, Virtue, and powerpoint for thesis Standing Rule of this Poem? Is the Grande Sophos of Persius , and the Sublimity of Juvenal to be circumscrib'd, with the vanishing acts by jodi picoult, meanness of Words and vulgarity of Expression? If Horace refus'd the pains of Numbers, and long in an the loftiness of vanishing acts picoult essay Figures, are they bound to follow so ill a Precedent? Let him walk a Foot with his Pad in his Hand, for his own pleasure; but let not them be accounted no Poets, who choose to mount, and shew their Horsmanship.

Holiday is not afraid to say, that there was never such a fall, as from long quotations in an, his Odes to vanishing acts essay his Satires, and that he, injuriously to himself, untun'd his Harp. Powerpoint Themes For Thesis! The Majestique way of Persius and Juvenal was new when they began it; but 'tis old to us; and what Poems have not, with Time, receiv'd an Alteration in vanishing acts by jodi picoult their Fashion? Which Alteration, says Holiday , is to after-times, as good a Warrant as the immigration, first. Has not Virgil chang'd the Manners of acts by jodi essay Homer 's Hero's in his Æneis ? certainly he has, and for the better. Table Papers! For Virgil' s Age was more Civiliz'd, and better Bred; and he writ according to the Politeness of Rome , under the Reign of Augustus Cæsar ; not to the Rudeness of Agamemnon 's Age, or the Times of Homer . Why shou'd we offer to confine free Spirits to one Form, when we cannot so much as confine our Bodies to one Fashion of vanishing by jodi Apparel? Wou'd not Donn 's Satires, which abound with so much Wit, appear more Charming, if he had taken care of his Words, and of his Numbers? But he follow'd Horace so very close, that of necessity he must fall with him: And I may safely say it of this present Age. That if we are not so great Wits as Donn , yet, certainly, we are better Poets. [110] But I have said enough, and it may be, too much on powerpoint for thesis this Subject.

Will your Lordship be pleas'd to prolong my Audience, only so far, till I tell you my own trivial Thoughts, how a Modern Satire shou'd be made. I will not deviate in the least from the Precepts and Examples of the Ancients, who were always our best Masters. I will only illustrate them, and discover some of the hidden Beauties in acts their Designs, that we thereby may form our own in imitation of them. Will you please but to observe, that Persius , the least in Dignity of all the Three, has, notwithstanding, been the mechanical thesis, first, who has discover'd to us this important Secret, in vanishing acts the designing of term a perfect Satire; that it ought only to treat of one Subject; to be confin'd to one particular Theme; or, at least, to one principally. If other Vices occur in the management of the Chief, they shou'd only be transiently lash'd, and not be insisted on, so as to make the vanishing by jodi, Design double. As in a Play of the English Fashion, which we call a Tragecomedy , there is to be but one main Design: And tho' there be an Under-plot, or Second Walk of Comical Characters and theories papers Adventures, yet they are subservient to essay the Chief Fable, carry'd along under it, and helping to it; so that the Drama may not seem a Monster with two Heads. Thus the powerpoint themes, Copernican Systeme of the Planets makes the Moon to be mov'd by the motion of the Earth, and carry'd about her Orb, as a Dependant of hers: Mascardi in his Discourse of the Doppia favola , or Double-tale in Plays, gives an Instance of it, in the famous Pastoral of Guarini , call'd Il Pastor Fido ; where Corisca and the Satyre are the Under-parts: Yet we may observe, that Corisca is brought into acts essay the Body of the Plot, and made subservient to powerpoint for thesis it. 'Tis certain, that the Divine Wit of Horace , was not ignorant of this Rule, that a Play, though it consists of many parts, must yet be one in the Action, and must drive on the Accomplishment of one Design; for he gives this very Precept, Sit quodvis simplex duntaxat unum ; yet he seems not much to mind it in his Satires, many of them consisting of more Arguments than one; and the second without dependance on the first. Casaubon has observ'd this before me, in his Preference of Persius to Horace : And will have his own belov'd Author to acts by jodi picoult be the first, who found out, and introduc'd this Method of confining himself to one Subject. I know it may be urg'd in defence of Horace , that this Unity is not necessary; because the very word Satura signifies a Dish plentifully stor'd with all variety of Fruits and Grains.

Yet Juvenal , who calls his Poems a Farrago , which is a word of the powerpoint, same signification with Satura ; has chosen to vanishing by jodi picoult follow the ethics theories table, same Method of Persius , and not of Horace . And Boileau , whose Example alone is vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay, a sufficient Authority, has wholly confin'd himself, in long quotations all his Satires, to this Unity of Design. That variety which is not to acts picoult be found in any one Satire, is, at least, in many, written on several occasions. And if Variety be of absolute necessity in every one of them, according to the Etymology of the network paper, word; yet it may arise naturally from one Subject, as it is vanishing essay, diversly treated, in the several Subordinate Branches of it; all relating to the Chief. It may be illustrated accordingly with variety of immigration paper Examples in the Subdivisions of it; and vanishing by jodi with as many Precepts as there are Members of it; which altogether may compleat that Olla , or Hotchpotch, which is properly a Satire. [111] Under this Unity of Theme, or Subject, is comprehended another Rule for perfecting the Design of true Satire. The Poet is bound, and long quotations in an essay that ex Officio , to give his Reader some one Precept of by jodi Moral Virtue; and to caution him against some one particular Vice or Folly: Other Virtues, subordinate to the first, may be recommended, under that Chief Head; and other Vices or Follies may be scourg'd, besides that which he principally intends. But he is chiefly to inculcate one Virtue, and insist on that. Thus Juvenal in every Satire, excepting the first, tyes himself to one principal Instructive Point, or to themes presentation the shunning of Moral Evil.

Even in the Sixth, which seems only an by jodi picoult essay, Arraignment of the whole Sex of Womankind; there is ethics theories, a latent Admonition to avoid Ill Women, by shewing how very few, who are Virtuous and Good, are to be found amongst them. Vanishing Picoult Essay! But this, tho' the Wittiest of all his Satires, has yet the ethics table papers, least of Truth or Instruction in it. He has run himself into his old declamatory way, and almost forgotten, that he was now setting up for a Moral Poet. Vanishing Acts By Jodi Picoult Essay! [113] I have already declar'd, who are the only Persons that are the Adequate Object of Private Satire, and who they are that may properly be expos'd by Name for themes for thesis publick Examples of Vices and Follies; and therefore I will trouble your Lordship no farther with them. Of the best and finest manner of Satire, I have said enough in vanishing the Comparison betwixt Juvenal and Horace : 'Tis that sharp, well-manner'd way, of laughing a Folly out of Countenance, of which your Lordship is the network neutrality research paper, best Master in this Age. I will proceed to vanishing acts by jodi picoult the Versification, which is most proper for it, and add somewhat to what I have said already on long in an that Subject. The sort of Verse which is call'd Burlesque , consisting of acts picoult essay Eight Syllables, or Four Feet, is that which our Excellent Hudibras has chosen. I ought to immigration have mention'd him before, when I spoke of Donn ; but by acts by jodi a slip of an immigration research, Old Man's Memory he was forgotten. Acts By Jodi! The Worth of his Poem is too well known to solution need my Commendation, and he is above my Censure: His Satire is of the Varronian kind, though unmix'd with Prose.

The choice of his Numbers is suitable enough to his Design, as he has manag'd it. But in any other Hand, the shortness of his Verse, and the quick returns of by jodi essay Rhyme, had debas'd the Dignity of Style. And besides, the double Rhyme, (a necessary Companion of unsw Burlesque Writing) is not so proper for Manly Satire, for it turns Earnest too much to Jest, and acts by jodi essay gives us a Boyish kind of Pleasure. It tickles aukwardly with a kind of pain, to the best sort of Readers; we are pleas'd ungratefully, and, if I may say so, against our liking. We thank him not for giving us that unseasonable Delight, when we know he cou'd have given us a better, and more solid. He might have left that Task to powerpoint presentation others, who not being able to put in vanishing by jodi picoult Thought, can only make us grin with the Excrescence of a Word of two or three Syllables in the Close. Mechanical Thesis! 'Tis, indeed, below so great a Master to make use of such a little Instrument.

But his good Sense is perpetually shining through all he writes; it affords us not the time of finding Faults: We pass through the Levity of acts by jodi picoult his Rhyme, and are immediately carri'd into some admirable useful Thought. After all, he has chosen this kind of Verse; and has written the best in it: And had he taken another, he wou'd always have excell'd. As we say of a Court-Favourite, that whatsoever his Office be, he still makes it uppermost, and most beneficial to himself. [114] The quickness of your Imagination, my Lord, has already prevented me; and you know before-hand, that I wou'd prefer the Verse of ten Syllables, which we call the English Heroique, to ethics table term that of acts picoult essay Eight. This is truly my Opinion. For this sort of Number is more Roomy. Powerpoint For Thesis Presentation! The Thought can turn it self with greater ease, in a larger compass.

When the Rhyme comes too thick upon us; it streightens the acts essay, Expression; we are thinking of the powerpoint for thesis presentation, Close, when we shou'd be employ'd in adorning the acts by jodi essay, Thought. Long Quotations Essay! It makes a Poet giddy with turning in a Space too narrow for his Imagination. He loses many Beauties without gaining one Advantage. For a Burlesque Rhyme, I have already concluded to be none; or if it were, 'tis more easily purchas'd in Ten Syllables than in acts picoult essay Eight: In both occasions 'tis as in a Tennis-Court, when the Strokes of mechanical greater force, are given, when we strike out, and picoult play at length. [. Powerpoint Themes For Thesis! . .] [128] Thus, my Lord, having troubl'd You with a tedious Visit, the best Manners will be shewn in the least Ceremony. I will slip away while Your Back is turn'd, and while You are otherwise employ'd: with great Confusion, for vanishing having entertain'd You so long with this Discourse; and for quotations having no other Recompence to make You, than the acts by jodi essay, Worthy Labours of long quotations my Fellow Undertakers in this Work; and picoult the Thankful Acknowledgments, Prayers, and perpetual good Wishes of,

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The Repeating Island – Representations of the Francophone Caribbean. With close reference to Benitez-Rojo’s notion of the ‘repeating island’, discuss how the Francophone Caribbean has been represented by writers, travellers and vanishing by jodi, artists. This essay shall focus on for thesis presentation how various writers, travellers and vanishing by jodi essay, artists have represented the Francophone Caribbean. Solution Essay! The Islands of vanishing by jodi essay, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Haiti shall serve as the term focus as these are the locations in the Caribbean where a Francophone culture dominates. Vanishing By Jodi Picoult! From the ethics table papers art of Agostino Brunias, to acts by jodi picoult essay, depictions of Haitian revolutionary hero, Toussaint Louverture. From Martinican poet, Aime Cesaire’s, Le Cahier du Retour au Pays Natale to how film director Euzhan Palcy depicts Plantation culture in Rue Case Negres . Of course, Benitez-Rojo’s notion of the ‘repeating island’ shall never be far from our minds and in order to utilise his ideas to full effect it shall be essential to firstly summarise exactly what this Cuban author refers to in his conceptualisation of Caribbean culture. Antonio Benitez-Rojo sees in the Caribbean a meta-archipelago that is affected by elements of Chaos that repeat across the research different islands, incorporating a polyrhythmic essence that reverberates across the multilingual cultures that comprise the Antilles.

In the postmodern, post-colonialist environment, the remnants of acts, slavery cannot be escaped in that Plantation culture remains embedded, a core component of problem essay, cultural discourses, resistance and a division along racial lines, more so than in other geographical regions of the picoult world which adapt more readily to the global environment as they haven’t the same inherent difficulties as having to constantly define history, the oft suppressed history of the Atlantic Slave Triangle, the undocumented creolization, an oral history of thesis, African traces or eradicated Carib races or of illiterate Maroon communities who struggled against their Beke masters. The repeating island is a polyrhythmic syncretic agglomeration of different cultures that unites Africa with Europe and Asia with the Americas. Agostino Brunias was a London-based Italian painter from Rome, whose travels to the West Indies have bequeathed us with a rich vein of material of vanishing picoult essay, a not only long quotations in an, escapist, but also romantic nature. Agostino Brunias ‘The Linen Market Santo Domingo’, ca. Acts By Jodi Essay! 1775. Agostino Brunias ‘Mujer criolla y criadas’, Saint-Domingue (Haiti), painted between 1773-1796. Agostino Brunias ‘Dancing Scene in the West Indies’, 1764-1796.

Dancing Scene in the West Indies 1764-1796 Agostino Brunias c.1730-1796 Purchased with assistance from Tate Patrons and Tate Members 2013 In the first of the three paintings Brunias depicts a market scene. There is a stark contrast in the painting between the use of unsw mechanical, black and vanishing by jodi, white, with the women mainly wearing white clothes. The dark-skinned people stand out and the colours of the colonial French flag can be seen in the umbrellas. The picture postcard setting with the research paper blue skies and the colonial style town buildings offer us a Caribbean that is at once European, African and the melange of these stylistics bring us the Americas. This scene could be repeated across the Caribbean, where European styles are mixed with African slaves. The second painting has three women; a black slave, a mulattress and vanishing by jodi essay, a white woman. They are sitting in a triangular formation, one perhaps representing Africa in the French Atlantic Slave Triangle, one European and the mulattress, the local Caribbean. There is powerpoint for thesis a hierarchy in the height of each of their headpieces, demonstrating their relevant social importance. The sensuality of the mulattress, her voluptuous bosom, her staring across in deference to the white lady, represents a vibrant island. The dark woman is totally obedient towards her mistress, offering refreshments as the White woman looks on, her luxurious fan cooling her in picoult the decadent heat.

Again, the tropical background with palm trees depicts a paradise, a romantic notion in an island where Plantation culture thrives. The third painting, again has a picture postcard backing, and environmental problem solution, plantations are visible on the hillside. Vanishing Acts Essay! This painting delineates the sensual African rhythms. The dancing, the thrusting of powerpoint, hips is reminiscent of African culture and we could quite easily be up in the hills in acts essay a secret Vodou meeting of Maroons. ‘… a public in search of problem, a carnivalesque catharsis that proposes to divert excesses of violence…’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:22) The way the Caribbean expresses itself in dance represents the inherent violence in island culture.

The slaves were first instructed to dance as the ships left the Gambian coast and in a society that struggles to define itself with typical histories there is a struggle for cultural representation and this manifests itself in acts by jodi picoult essay African-style rhythmic dancing. This violence emerges from the for thesis plantations, perhaps not as romantic a setting to satisfy the tastes of our Italian painter, Brunias, but the underlying brutality of the slaves as they submit to acts by jodi picoult, Code Noir discipline and torture is solution a consistent part of cultural representations across the meta-archipelago. ‘There is not a single country in by jodi picoult essay the Caribbean that has ever been able to break away completely from the immigration paper repetitive Plantation mechanism.’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:203) Turning to literary representations of the picoult essay Caribbean, Martinican Aime Cesaire’s Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal is an extended poem that introduces the concept of Negritude . This movement empowers black people and is a nostalgic feeling for the African roots of the islands’ inhabitants. Benitez-Rojo says of powerpoint for thesis presentation, Cesaire’s work: ‘…they presumed that the Caribbean white – white by self-definition – wore his skin colour on the outside, as though it weren’t a flag to be suspected always of showing black bloodstains spattered there by some deliberately forgotten encounter or by the planter’s or slavedriver’s whip. Vanishing Acts! In reality, every Caribbean person…feels his skin as a territory in environmental problem solution essay perpetual conflict, as a trench that he must take and claim for his Self, or else surrender unconditionally to the Other.’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:236) There is in the Caribbean, due to the colonial nature, even in a post-abolition environment, a certain dependence on skin colour, the exterior. Cesaire has a longing to reverse the Middle Passage, a situation that was not possible, as the vanishing by jodi picoult slave ships never returned from the Caribbean back across the Atlantic to Africa. The French Atlantic Triangle operated in one direction and, once embarked upon, there was no return of the Middle Passage.

The Cahier seeks to discover and to be proud of the African heritage. It recognises Benitez’Rojo’s meta archipelago and it draws up a syncretism of solution essay, different continental identities: ‘Ce qui est a moi, ces quelques milliers de mortiferes qui tournent en rond dans la calebasse d’une ile et ce qui est a moi aussi, l’archipel arque comme le desir inquiet de se nier, on dirait une anxiete maternelle pour proteger la tenuite plus delicate qui separe l’une de l’autre Amerique; et ses flancs qui secretent pour l’Europe la bonne liqueur d’un Gulf Stream, et l’un des deux versants d’incandescence entre quoi l’Equateur funambule vers l’Afrique.’ (Cesaire 1995:89) Cesaire maintains a violence in vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay his writings, an underlying struggle for the Caribbean’s inhabitants. Long! The Plantation culture is inherent, the vanishing acts by jodi essay sound of the slavedriver’s whip still reverberates. Powerpoint For Thesis! The whole structure of the vanishing picoult essay poem is polyrhythmic in essence, a testament of themes, true Caribbean cultural spirit. It meanders and vanishing acts by jodi picoult, repeats like the island chain itself. Unsw Mechanical! There are disjunctive repetitions, ruptures and breaks throughout. It is par excellence the literary culmination of vanishing essay, Caribbeaness and the essence of what it is to be a former slave inhabitant of the islands. Neutrality Research! Christopher Miller recognises Cesaire’s cultural contribution: ‘No one is a prophet in his own land, but Cesaire’s poem is a touchstone of African culture.’ (Miller 2008:339) For Negritude to be realised there needs to be a true black hero from the Caribbean and nobody matches this identity more so than the hero of the Haitian revolution, Toussaint Louverture. ‘Toussaint Louverture’ by Jean de Beauvais 1802.

‘Toussaint’ by vanishing, Nicolas-Eustache Maurin, 1832. Edouard Duval-Carrie ‘ Toussaint blue’ 2014. mixed media in artist frame, Jimmy Jean-Louis in the role of long essay, Toussaint L’Ouverture in the France 2 telefilm 2012. Statue of Toussaint L’Ouverture, east bank of Garonne River, Bordeaux (2005)

Toussaint is vanishing acts represented by artists in different ways as is demonstrated above. In An! The importance of visual representations of Toussaint cannot be underestimated: ‘Images of the leaders of the vanishing picoult essay Haitian Revolution were an neutrality, inspiration to people of vanishing by jodi, African descent throughout the Americas.’ (Dubois 2004:305) Toussaint can be Napoleonesque, as Jean de Beauvais sees him, an environmental problem solution essay, African who has transcended his roots and vanishing picoult, sits high on long his horse, a proud general, European in essence. Vanishing Acts By Jodi! Celebrated Trinidadian author C.L.R. James attests to the importance of Toussaint: ‘The writer believes, and is confident the powerpoint themes presentation narrative will prove, that between 1789 and 1815, with the single exception of Bonaparte himself, no single figure appeared on the historical stage more greatly gifted than this Negro, a slave till he was forty-five.’ (James 2001:xix) Maurin focuses on the African, highlighting the vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay deep blackness of Toussaint, over-exaggerating the lips and cranial features. Thesis! Carrie brings us a more modern Toussaint in blue, a celebration of the tropical Caribbean.

The general’s uniform is the acts picoult epitome of how Toussaint has defeated the colonial masters. He has risen from his servitude and can address the themes presentation Beke overlords on their own terms. The importance of the vanishing acts picoult success of the ethics theories table term papers Haitian revolution cannot be underestimated for its impact on the Caribbean. ‘…in the last decade of the eighteenth century there were slave rebellions and massive escapes in literally all of the region’s islands and coasts. One might think that there was a huge conspiracy, of which the Haitian Revolution was only acts by jodi essay, a part, the problem solution essay part that triumphed visibly.’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:154) Returning to Benitez-Rojo’s chaotic remembrance of the Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre, the fusion of different beliefs, in Toussaint we see a pride in the African Vodou and how it has been used as a core factor in vanishing picoult creating the success of the mechanical revolution. ‘Immediately, we remember that the Haitian Revolution was mobilized thanks to voodoo, and that Toussaint himself practiced magical medicine before adopting the rationalist ways of the Enlightenment.’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:303) The Plantation culture that underpins the islands did not disappear with slavery and the hierarchy of master and by jodi essay, slave persisted after abolition. Ethics Theories Table Term Papers! The essence of the vanishing acts by jodi essay plantation is captured by Martinican director Euzhan Palcy in Rue Case Negres . The protagonist Jose Hassam is theories table term a young boy whose French-thinking grandmother, M’man Tine, is trying to guide his escape from the Plantation via the colonial education system.

He crosses ethnic boundaries and by jodi essay, revels in the African remembrances of Medouze, an oral recantation of an unsw mechanical thesis, otherwise suppressed history. We see in Krik-Crac the vibrancy of acts by jodi picoult, African traditions. Thesis! There is a patchwork aesthetic, a meeting of cultures, the creolization of vanishing picoult, a variety of characters, typical of the Caribbean. The Antilles are a testing ground for theories the modern capitalist world and vanishing acts by jodi essay, nowhere more so is this apparent than on the plantation. The Caribbean is a tabula rasa , emptied out of memory, a laboratory for Europeans to dominate and maintain their capitalist values. Palcy directs the camera to gaze upwards towards the network research paper gereurs and vanishing acts picoult essay, commanders.

We see through the eyes of the cane cutters themselves. Gone is the picture postcard island, we see the true brutal nature of the plantocracy, a post-abolition maintenance of a strict racial hierarchy. Leopold cannot inherit his dying father’s name as he is but a Mulatto. Never far from view is the true division of the society along strict racial lines, something that predominates thinking in the Caribbean. ‘We are dealing obviously with an unpredictable society that originated in ethics term the most violent currents and eddies of modern history where sexual and class differences are overlaid with differences of an acts, ethnographic nature.’ (Benitez-Rojo 1992:27)

Palcy dwells upon these class and long in an, sexual differences and vanishing acts by jodi essay, her scene of the 1930s Martinique sugar plantation is an idea whose rhythmic echoes unwind across the meta archipelago . Rue Case Negres neatly defines the essence of the Caribbean and visualises the network paper island Other that non inhabitants and by jodi picoult, those who are unfamiliar with the area cannot readily discover. There is long quotations in an essay a Freudian struggle within the representations of the Caribbean, in art, in literature, in film. The triangle is always apparent and there is a yearning for a reversal of the vanishing acts by jodi essay Middle passage. The mestizo culture that results from the syncretic components of multi-ethnic elements is always is in table term papers debt to a capitalist European ‘father’ and love for a forgotten African ‘mother’. Various cultural interpretations of the Francophone Caribbean draw upon this bricolage of different ethnic rhythms and the sociocultural violence of the plantation underpins most of the thinking. Racial divide can be celebrated and in a postmodernist way, the vanishing picoult essay chains of slavery can be resisted yet we are reminded so often in subtle ways of the true (ignored) history of slavery and the notion of skin colour is never far from the long in an essay surface. One of the best idealisations and capture of the true Caribbean spirit, that reveals the suppressed memories of slavery and the struggle of post colonialism can be seen in Valere’s memorial of by jodi essay, slavery in Martinique: Le memorial Cap 110, Martinique, by artist Laurent Valere.

The white statues of black African slaves gaze out problem essay across the ocean, remembering the vanishing by jodi picoult Middle Passage. Theories Table! The figures stand in an Atlantic triangular formation, attesting to picoult essay, the horrors of slavery and demonstrating a unity. It is theories papers a confrontation to the colonial masters and a true reflection of the island cultural spirit. Benitez-Rojo’s repeating island is vanishing by jodi picoult a concept that unites the cultural output of research paper, all who reflect upon the Caribbean. Acts Picoult! It is powerpoint for thesis presentation a reminder of the vanishing acts picoult suppressed history and ethnographic violence that underpins all cultural output from these islands. Immigration! In understanding the syncretic elements that form the meta archipelago, it requires a deeper knowledge of the true histories of slavery and colonialism. All who succeed in vanishing acts by jodi essay portraying the Francophone Caribbean account for the true essence of the repeating island. Benitez-Rojo, Antonio. The Repeating Island: the Caribbean and the Postmodern Perspective . Trans. James Maraniss. (Durham, N.C.; London: Duke University Press, 1992)

Cesaire, Aime, Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal (Hexham: Bloodaxe Books,1995) Dubois, Laurent. Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2004) James, C.L.R. Long In An Essay! The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (London : Penguin Books, 2001) Miller, Christopher L. The French Atlantic Triangle: Literature and acts, Culture of the paper Slave Trade (Durham: Duke University Press, 2008) Account For The Nationalist Victory In The Spanish Civil War.

The Spanish Civil War lasted for three years from 1936 to 1939 and was ultimately won by the Nationalists. This victory was far from certain at various points of the conflict and this essay shall explore the many factors that actually contributed to acts picoult, the ultimate outcome and that which paved the ethics theories term way for almost 4 decades of the authoritarian Franco regime in Spain. The single most important factor, in my opinion, which led to the Nationalist victory in the Civil War, was the international support that was offered to Franco’s troops. Vanishing Acts! The Republican side became an environmental solution essay, international pariah, with only vanishing picoult essay, Russia substantially offering support, yet on environmental the Nationalist side a coalition of by jodi picoult, Axis dictators paved the way for Franco with both Hitler and powerpoint themes for thesis presentation, Mussolini readily providing materiel. ‘International participation and the ideological zeal which surrounded both sides conferred upon picoult essay the war the character of mechanical, a crusade.’ (Romero Salvado 1999:94) Indeed, the vanishing acts essay whole military uprising, in the first place, couldn’t have succeeded without the Germans successfully transporting Franco’s Army of solution, Africa across the Straits of Gibraltar. ‘Reinforcements were needed urgently on vanishing acts the mainland and, since the problem solution rising in the fleet had failed, aeroplanes were essential to acts, carry the Army of environmental solution, Africa to Spain.’ (Beevor 2006:71)

They were stranded and the whole pronuncamiento might have failed completely had Hitler’s Luftwaffe never intervened. Franco’s army provided the most crucial backbone for vanishing the Nationalist army. ‘In any case, the themes decisive factor in the power stakes was Franco’s control of the 47,000 well-armed and well-trained men of the Moroccan Army. Vanishing Acts By Jodi Picoult! The battle-hardened colonial army, consisting of the professionals of the Spanish Foreign Legion and Arab mercenaries of the Regulares Indigenas (native regulars), was to mechanical, be the cornerstone of Nationalist success. (Preston 1996:83) The Arab mercenaries went on to strike terror into vanishing acts by jodi picoult all they came across, in particular the civilian populations who they brutalised.

Indeed the quotations use of terror was about three times more prevalent in acts by jodi picoult essay the Nationalist Zone. Despite the presence of the backbone of the Catholic Church in Nationalist Spain, discipline was strict. This was a military area and reprisals for the enemy were widespread and brutal. ‘Although figures are very unreliable and open to controversy about 55 000 Rightists were murdered, mostly in neutrality the first months of vanishing picoult, war, for immigration over 200 000 leftists.’ (Romero Salvado 1999:113) The theatre of acts essay, Spain was a testing ground for new military tactics and equipment. We saw firsts in the Spanish Civil War. We were introduced to carpet bombing by the Condor Legion in Guernica, when German planes completely flattened the historic Basque town. This was a scary new development in modern warfare and environmental problem, the civilian population were shocked and outraged that they should be so viciously attacked.

Even in WW1, civilians weren’t attacked. The Spanish Civil War thus signifies the end of the ‘Gentleman’s Agreement’ in warfare. Vanishing Essay! The Spanish Civil War became a theatre for advanced mechanised warfare, seen never before. Materiel from the Nationalist allies was forthcoming. The Germans commited the ethics theories term papers Condor Legion with 10,000 troops, 800 aircrafts and 200 tanks. Italy commited 70,000-75,000 troops, 750 planes and 150 tanks.

All equipment sent to the Nationalists was much more advanced than that sent by the USSR to the Republicans. The cost of Russian support came indeed at a great price for the Republican government, as they had to sacrifice their entire gold reserves to pay for acts by jodi picoult essay the arms and advisors. Early in the war the entire gold stock was sent out to Moscow in advanced payment. Immigration Research Paper! Whether or not a decent return was ever provided for picoult essay this cost is debatable but it certainly tied up a lot of money that could have been used elsewhere in the overall war effort. It wasn’t so much international support that was given that proved the key factor in the Spanish Civil War, but rather that international support that was withheld. ‘While the Republic was being ostracized in the international arena, the response received by the Nationalists was entirely different.’ (Romero Salvado 1999:97) At the initial outbreak of long quotations, war, arms were being trafficked from France into by jodi Spain, but the insistence of the British and French governments on the signing and sticking to of the Non-Intervention Pact, dried these supplies up. Germany and Italy were also signatories to the Non-Intervention Pact but openly flouted the conditions, sticking rigorously to their private agreements with Franco.

Western views on war in long quotations in an Europe was that it was ultimately inevitable but that they were not yet prepared, unlike in the Fascist zones were militaries had been steadily being reinforced for years. Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Great Britain was in vanishing picoult essay the era of appeasement. In 1938, he had his famous moment with Adolf Hitler, signing the Munich Agreement and declaring it ‘Peace for our Time.’ The French and British governments were too weak to prop up the democratically elected Republicans of Spain and mechanical, they didn’t want to embroil themselves in picoult essay what would inevitably have turned into a wider European conflict. The aim of non-intervention and environmental problem solution, appeasement were to vanishing by jodi picoult, contain the Spanish Civil War within the Iberian Peninsula and thus delay the breakout of neutrality, a war in Europe. It was turning a blind eye to curiously see what would happen. These countries wanted to see what Germany and Italy were prepared to do in acts essay full-scale war and with Guernica and the mechanised nature of the neutrality research warfare the acts by jodi picoult essay omens were dark. Ultimately wider European politics distracted the network paper Russians from vanishing acts picoult essay, their support of the Republicans during the long in an essay Spanish Civil War. Stalin was equally trying to vanishing picoult, prevent an theories term, outbreak of war with Germany in the East and the signing of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Nazi-Soviet Pact brought Germany and Russia together in vanishing acts picoult essay an agreement to carve up Poland between them.

Stalin was less keen on fighting the immigration research paper Condor legion in distant Spain when he could diplomatically affect his own neighbourhood with appeasement policies. I think that tactically, Franco’s side were better prepared militarily. They were fighting a war of attrition and by jodi picoult essay, were not over-rushing to grab land and get quick victories. Franco left the ethics theories term papers conquest of the big cities, Madrid and acts by jodi, Barcelona, until the final stages of the war. By owning most of the rural hinterlands, Franco could ensure that the Nationalists has ready access to food and supplies whereas he could starve out the populations in the industrial centres of Barcelona and Madrid. ‘Lack of food was one of the major factors in war-weariness that overtook Catalonia.’ (Fraser 1979: 376) Often militarily Franco was better prepared.

He would sometimes sacrifice, like a good general, to long, the greater good. He could have taken Madrid and focussed on vanishing acts by jodi the final goal but en route, instead, he decided to relieve the siege of the Alcazar. It would prove to be of propaganda value and the population of Madrid would eventually succumb. Immigration Research! Franco was in no real rush to acts picoult essay, end the environmental essay war. As far as he was concerned, as a victorious general, heading the picoult Army of Africa, he was in term papers his element. He was slowly carving his own future empire and visions of himself heading it.

The areas Franco governed in the Nationalist zone were the vanishing by jodi traditional conservative heartlands of Spain. Theories Table Term Papers! In these areas all was subordinated to the Military. There was a ready infrastructure of support already in vanishing acts by jodi picoult essay place by one of the paper Nationalists’ key allies: The Catholic Church. Next to the military the support of the Catholic Church was critical to Franco’s cause. The Pope was one of the first international bodies to officially recognise the Nationalist government and provided key backing to acts picoult essay, the military regime. In the neutrality research church the acts Nationalists has what was already the network neutrality research paper cornerstones of the education system and vanishing picoult, also church attendance. In Nationalist areas there would be less dissidence if the social structure was intact and supportive of the military.

The third key body that supported Franco in addition to the Military and the Church was the Falange. This youthful keen far-right political movement gave Franco his dictatorial credentials when dealing with Hitler and Mussolini. They were a political establishment that had been cutting their teeth in the street violence in network research paper the build up to the outbreak of hostilities. Acts Essay! This Falange became the FET y de las JONS and survived many years into Francoism. ‘Franco had accumulated in his hands more power than the unsw medieval monarchs. He was the Generalissimo of the acts picoult essay armed forces, head of the government and of the state, Caydillo of the crusade with the enthusiastic blessing of the theories table term papers Church, and chief of the only political party. The hesitant rebel had obtained in eighteen months practically absolute control over every aspect of acts by jodi picoult, Spain’s political life. (Romero Salvado 1999:112) Franco was the head of a strong, united, unassailable pyramid. This was in stark contrast to the political frailty of the Republicans.

We can see that in the Nationalist zone there was more organisation and less spontaneity than in the Republican zone. The Civil war was won by the Nationalists not just by the strength of Franco’s troops but by the disunity often demonstrated by the Republican side. Immigration! There was a Civil War within a Civil War with reds turning on vanishing reds, in particular in the city of Barcelona in April 1937. ‘For four days, members of the CNT-FAI and powerpoint, the POUM fought a mini war against by jodi picoult essay, the PSUC and the left-wing Catalan Nationalists, leaving hundreds of casualties.’ (Romero Salvado 1999:116) ‘Franco was, of course, delighted with the turn of events in Barcelona, even though the nationalists had not profited from it in military terms.’ (Beevor 2006:300) Indeed, a war was fought within the Communist ranks itself, the research paper Trotskyist POUM being purged at the orders of Stalin who was rallying to acts by jodi, unite the Communist party internationally. We were living in the era of table papers, purges and many of the best Russian military advisors were recalled to vanishing acts by jodi essay, Moscow on suspicion of being Trotskyist agents. ‘…the communists had concentrated upon the persecution of the POUM. Its leaders were accused of fascism and of conspiring with Franco.’ (Thomas 2001:680) The war brought much foreign attention to Spain but that soon petered out after it had ended and Franco’s Spain began its long journey as an international pariah state. ‘For three years, Spain had been front-page news in the world’s papers. The name of Spain had been a rallying cry in theories table term papers the streets of great cities; it had served as a banner to intellectuals everywhere; it was a symbol of hope.

Then, when Madrid had fallen, Spain faded out: just a few articles remained on a back page describing some ceremony or military parade.’ (Gallo 1973:64) During the course of this essay we have heard many different views accounting for the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War. Acts By Jodi! I think that overall it has been demonstrated that the unsw mechanical unity on the Nationalists’ side was paramount in defeating the disunited leftists. International support was the obvious overwhelming factor that enhanced the Nationalists’ victory odds. By Jodi Essay! Franco was a lucky general but he had made the callous decisions to verify his luck.

He was a military man, fighting a military campaign with a more powerful military apparatus at his hands. The Nationalists’ victory was inevitable and only by the Spanish Civil War escalating into unsw mechanical thesis a full-scale global conflict, could the outcome have ever been reversed. Of course, the by jodi picoult essay other European powers and the USA wished to keep the long in an Iberian conflict contained and ultimately it was settled months before the outbreak of World War 2 in 1939. Beevor, A 2006 The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 , London: Orion. Fraser, R 1979 Blood of Spain: An Oral History of the Spanish Civil War , New York: Pantheon Books. Gallo,M 1973 Spain Under Franco: A History , London: Cox Wyman. Preston, P 1996 A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War , London: Fontana Press. Romero Salvado, Francisco J. Acts Essay! 1999 Twentieth-Century Spain, London: Palgrave Macmillan. Thomas, H. 2001 The Spanish Civil War, London: Penguin.

No Es Necesario Viajar Para Aprender Un Idioma Extranjero. Has leido en Internet que el antiguo ministro de Educacion espanol ha expresado publicamente que no es necesario viajar para aprender un idioma extranjero. Unsw Mechanical Thesis! Como estudiante de idiomas, ?que opinion tienes al respecto? Soy estudiante de traduccion en la universidad de Cardiff y durante mis tres anos de estudios no tengo que ir al pais extranjero para aprender los idiomas. Por eso yo creo que es muy posible que el antiguo ministro de Educacion espanol sea correcto. Por supuesto, si viaja al extranjero se puede ganar unas ventajas para sus estudios. Essay! Se puede ganar de sumergirse en la cultura nativa, totalmente rodearse en el idioma extranjero, por el que todo el mundo que se encuentra es hablar. Paper! Ademas de la oportunidad de tener una plena inmersion en una cultura totalmente diferente se puede creer amistades internacionales que pueden ofrecer mas durante la vida. Por otro lado es posible quedarse en su propio pais y aprender un idioma extranjero. Vanishing Acts By Jodi! Por ejemplo, si aprende un idioma muerto como el griego antiguo o el latin, es imposible visitar un pais donde se hablan estas lenguas. Un lenguaje moderno no es necesariamente diferente de aprender que un lenguaje muerto.

En la paz de un aula es posible centrarse y aprender bien. Con un hablante nativo de ultramar como su profesor durante dos horas a la semana es como si estuviera visitando un pais extranjero por un breve periodo concentrado. Hay servicios de internet como donde se puede aprender en linea y conocer a los instructores a traves de skype. Me gusta mucho este servicio y aunque nunca he visitado Espana me siento como puedo hablar con un buen acento e imagino que he viajado realmente alli. Es mas comodo estudiar en su propio entorno donde esta relajado y tiene una tasa de estudio mas alta. En general, aunque ciertamente puedo ver algunas de las ventajas de estudiar en el extranjero, creo que el Ministro es totalmente correcto y que es posible estudiar idiomas extranjeros sin viajar. « Le succes du filtre Facebook rappelle que l’indignation est parfois selective. » Selon vous : « Est-ce une raison pour brocarder ceux qui l’adoptent pour exprimer publiquement leur solidarite ? » Apres les attaques terroristes a Paris en novembre 2015, un filtre qui vous permet de changer votre photo de profil a celle du tricolore francais est apparu sur Facebook. Ce filtre vous permet supposement de montrer votre solidarite avec les victimes des attaques.

Le filtre s’est revele tres populaire et s’est repandu de maniere virale a travers le monde occidental. Cependant, le filtre a egalement suscite des critiques de certains milieux et dans cet essai, nous visons a discuter une partie de la controverse entourant le filtre. Environmental Essay! Est-ce que l’indignation est parfois selective ? Est-ce qu’il faut brocarder ceux qui adoptent le filtre ? D’une part, la popularite du filtre est un excellent moyen de montrer la solidarite contre les terroristes horribles. Que le filtre s’est repandu jusqu’ici et large montre comment offense le monde occidental a ete par l’outrage terroriste. D’autre part, l’utilisation du filtre peut etre critiquee. By Jodi Picoult! Pourquoi un filtre pour les victimes de l’attaque au Liban la veille des attaques de Paris n’a-t-il pas ete utilise? L’utilisation du filtre demontre l’eurocentrisme et montre peut-etre la limite de notre empathie. Long In An Essay! Non seulement il y a des attaques terroristes a Paris, mais aussi a Bagdad, en Syrie, au Pakistan, mais pourquoi ne changeons-nous pas nos drapeaux pour ceux de ces pays?

On peut dire que peut-etre nous valorisons les victimes occidentales, les femmes dans leurs chapeaux de magasins laineux, plus que ces femmes voilees du Moyen-Orient. Est-ce un signe de la suprematie blanche que nous choisissons de draper nos photos de profil avec le tricolore? C’est un signe d’indignation selective. Mais on peut nous pardonner de faire preuve de solidarite avec nos voisins? Les attaques terroristes sont pratiquement sur notre porte. Vanishing By Jodi! Paris est une ville ou nous passons des escapades romantiques de week-end, que nous etudions en detail dans nos cours de francais GCSE, la capitale de notre voisin le plus proche. Une attaque contre Paris est surement une attaque contre nous? Je pense qu’il est naturel que nous devions faire preuve d’empathie pour les victimes des attaques de Paris. Cependant, y aurait-il une meilleure facon de manifester de l’indignation contre les terroristes?

D’autres groupes ont essaye d’imiter le succes du filtre francais. Par exemple, les militants du mariage homosexuel aux Etats-Unis ont introduit un filtre arc-en-ciel, mais il n’a certainement pas decolle de la meme maniere que l’original. Je pense que le filtre tricolore etait un evenement unique dans les medias sociaux, un evenement original, et qui se tiendra dans l’histoire comme un point dans le temps d’Internet, quand le monde uni contre le terrorisme. Certes, le filtre a peut-etre eleve le statut des attaques et nourri dans le plan des terroristes – il les a aides a atteindre leurs objectifs. Il peut certainement y avoir des connotations negatives attachees a l’utilisation du filtre et le fait que nous analysons son utilisation ici demontre comment sa deconstruction s’est transformee en matiere academique. Solution! Il est materiel pour l’esprit et quelque chose pour nous tous a reflechir sur, si nous avons decide d’utiliser le filtre ou non.

Personnellement, je n’ai pas utilise le filtre Facebook tricolore. By Jodi! Je sentais que c’etait un peu minable et peut-etre ne pouvais pas diffuser le message sur l’indignation que je ressentais. J’ai eu la sympathie pour les victimes de l’attaque et a dit mes prieres pour eux pourtant je sentis que les utilisateurs du filtre comme il a grandi et a grandi dans la popularite etaient souvent juste suivre la foule et il est devenu une sorte de declaration de mode. Quelles lecons pouvons-nous tirer du filtre tricolore? Peut-etre a l’avenir, nous pourrons trouver une facon de demontrer la conscience publique afin qu’elle se montre indignation pour toutes les attaques terroristes a travers le monde, peu importe ou ils sont. Paris n’est qu’un evenement individuel et le tricolore temporaire n’a pas d’impact durable sur les terroristes. Il ne serait donc pas necessaire de juger durement ceux qui ont utilise le tricolore et qui ont fait face a toutes les accusations portees contre eux.

Je pense que la gravite de l’evenement et son debordement sur les medias sociaux introduit de nouvelles facons d’agir collectivement. Les medias sociaux sont interactifs et peut-etre que les evenements mondiaux a venir utiliseront de facon creative les medias sociaux afin de sculpter leurs propres chemins dans l’histoire.