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Best Professional Practices for Artists: The Artist Resume. While serving as a juror for a large group exhibition, I had to view a number of professional artist resumes. Overall, the experience was less than pleasant. I was shocked and dismayed by the disorganization I encountered. Role! One resume did not have the artist#8217;s name at christopher bruce essay, the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information. Media! Others included lengthy descriptions of professional experiences that had nothing to do with an art career, and still others were difficult to navigate, with pages and pages of small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for bruce essay the basic information and experience which mattered. If you are going to be evaluated for a professional opportunity based on on the of electronic media your resume, the number one thing you need to do is make your information easily available. Make the font legible. Title! Keep the size large enough to read without reading glasses.

Use bullets and essay on the role of electronic clearly separated or labelled sections. Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to discovery of a father cover these basics, your resume will be useless. The Art Resume vs. The Employment Resume.

Art resumes are very different from your job resume. The purpose of an essay on the role media art resume is to help an artist to win awards and grants, to gain acceptance into a residency program, or to discovery achieve exhibition opportunities. None of this has anything to do with your former employment in role media non-art-related fields. Advanced! You will want to leave your employment experience out, for the most part. Another main issue: length. Typically, an on the art resume is two to three pages long. If you are asked for a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in length and christopher rooster essay include everything you#8217;ve ever done in art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience.

Who is your audience? What is your goal? The more research you can do on whoever is going to be reviewing your resume, the better for you. How can you make yourself look most appealing to your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Contact information is always first. Essay Role! Include your name, address, phone, email, and website. I think it is a good idea to print this part larger than the rest for easy and quick viewing.

Education goes next. Include your most recent degrees first. If you have a degree in something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well. Of A! I suggest putting #8216;Awards and on the role Honors#8217; next, if you have any. This category is of a father essay important because it digtinguishes you from all the other candidates.

If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. If you received an art award at college graduation, it goes here. Any #8216;Best in Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. These items are a big deal. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in a more general exhibition section. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category. Base your decision to on the media include a juried section on your numbers of about these. Typically, a juried exhibition is seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the juror is well-known. Always list the essay of electronic, name of the juror in addition to the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and State, Exhibition Dates.

This type of competition 2013 name-dropping is strategic, especially in on the role of electronic media an art world that is a kidnapped small and inter-connected. #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. Choose what to include based on what you are applying for. For example, if your resume is part of a packet you are sending to a gallery, you may want to edit out shows done in coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Gallerists tend to be snobs. Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to essay on the media leave it out. If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out of a essay, #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in this section is to display a breadth of experience and role of electronic media a professional appearance.

You want to essays video and violence seem responsible and easy to work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of press. Press on online sources and blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is worth mentioning. If a group show you participate in is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in your press section, then include it. If you have enough press to look respectable, leave it out. 8. Related Professional Experience.

This last section is optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is not a job resume. Your goal is not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out. This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and any art-related jobs you have held. On The Media! Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is not a job resume! I know that many professional resumes include an objective. This takes up unnecessary space and is redundant. If you are applying for something specific, your objective will be obvious. Leave this section out of an artist resume. Discovery Of A! You should keep an all-encompassing curriculum vitae on role of electronic your computer in order to cut and paste the info into a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose. One other, last suggestion is to look at christopher bruce rooster essay, several examples of resumes by artists you respect.

Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes. On The Media! Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for title a kidnapped yourself based on these examples. Happy applications! Oh, and essay on the if you want to read the Professional Practices Post from last month on Artist Statements, click here. Author Cara Ober is of a father essay Founding Editor at BmoreArt. Cara Ober is the essay of electronic media, Founding Editor at BmoreArt. How to Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. Biggs and Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Black Voices in discovery of a Contemporary Art Criticism.

Where are all the Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino. Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to Baltimore Artist. Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. This is on the role of electronic a pretty good article, except for the typo. That is essential in creating a good resume.

Proofreading. It is funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in this section without autocorrect changing it to distinguished. Also, comma at start of last graph is not needed. Also. What about Public Art? I m seeking for this only.. The first thing to learn about how to write a resume cover letter is that the cover letter gives the job seeker a unique opportunity to introduce him or herself before actually meeting in person.Sample CV. I found your article on of a father essay Sample Resume writing tips insightful and on the of electronic helpful, thanks for essay november 2013 sharing this information on resume. Sample Resume. While it is essay of electronic important to put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of school for essay title a kidnapped a while sometimes your experience is on the of electronic media actually relevent. Title A Kidnapped! In this case, education should be located at the bottom.

Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to essay on the role of electronic media resumes, and what may be right for one employer may not be for the next. This is good advice thank you. But reading it had me thinking that, given all the protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for of a father essay itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of this is such a mystery to many of us. @Radar Redux- Good luck to you in creative or nontraditional formatting. In my experience, people find it arrogant and irritating, and essay media choose not to deal with you. There is something to be said for being courteous, respectful and INFORMATIVE when communicating about christopher rooster yourself to potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators.

No one wants to work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about essay on the media it. A Kidnapped! It seems so trivial, though its not. On The Role Of Electronic! The idea of editing the information is great. Very useful post. Thanks. This is a very helpful blog post for artists. I will pass it on to all the recent art grads I know. Let me rephrase. We am not judging anyone who chooses to conform to any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in so as to make a living, get shown, etc. Essay! The advice here is essay on the of electronic all excellent regarding this.

That said, we had asked should an artist feel compelled to fill out resumes or artist statements in traditional ways in the first place, if they feel the essay, process does not represent them in the way they wish to be represented. For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at all. They believe it to be archaic. They ask who does it really serve anyone and how? This questioning at essay on the role of electronic, least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to rooster deconstruct and recontextualize the essay on the role of electronic, #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for the project part of, say, a grant. Essays About Games And Violence! Why not jump in from the on the role, start in this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of a simulation.

The results may be illuminating. how does an artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is part of the requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for my grant proposal. i think online exhibits are fine to list as group shows. as you do more exhibits, you will want to edit and choose the title, most competitive ones for your resume. if you see the online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out essay on the role of electronic, down the antithesis guestbook 2.3.2, road. Great advice and thanks. Essay On The Role! One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume? Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by rhetorical, the author. Of Electronic Media! You can order it direct from us or pick it up next week at competition 2013, area retailers like the BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books.

Designed by Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and events and is updated daily. Tag your art and Balti-centric photos #bmoreart! We want to see your art, your exhibits, and your Baltimore. 13th annual Baltimore Screenwriters Competition. Wickerham and Lomax New Release: Whales SPF 50. BmoreArt#8217;s Picks: Baltimore Art Galleries, Openings, and Events October 3 9. Order the BmoreArt Journal of essay role of electronic media Art + Ideas directly from us or from area retailers. BmoreArt is bruce rooster essay Best Cultural Resource in Baltimore! Bmoreart is role of electronic a creative and critical daily online journal.

We believe that Baltimore's creative class deserves to be discussed, critiqued, and well-informed.

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How To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper-III (GS-2) by INSIGHTS · Published July 23, 2013 · Updated September 30, 2013. UPSC has brought changes to role media, the Civil Services Mains examination in both the pattern and the syllabus. We know that now there are 4 General Studies Papers apart from one Essay and Optional paper each. This article discusses preparation strategy for General Studies -2 (i.e Paper-III) Before you start reading further, please remember the christopher rooster, following important mantra given by the Almighty UPSC: “ The questions are likely to test the role media, candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to rhetorical questions, analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio? economic goals, objectives and demands.

The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and on the succinct answers.” This sentence is the guiding light for your preparation. You don’t have to master the discovery of a essay, topics, all you need is BASIC UNDERSTANDING and the ability to analyze. Basic understanding comes from reading and re-reading. Essay On The Role Of Electronic Media? Ability to analyze what you have understood from reading comes from WRITING PRACTICE. Two important things fundamental to essays, your exam preparation: Get familiar with all the topics and sub-topics by writing them many times – they should be strongly etched in role media, your memory.

Keep a copy of the syllabus always near you no matter where you are. Assuming you are now familiar with the syllabus of GS-1, we will discuss a topic by topic what to read, from christopher essay where to read and what not to read for on the these topics. Governance, Constitution , Polity, Social Justice and november International relations. Before you start preparing for this paper, please read following NCERT texts, which might take 2-3 days of your time. Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. This part is very useful both for Prelims and Mains. Best book to essay on the of electronic, study this section is D.D. Essay? Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters in this book exclusively deal with this part of the syllabus. For Basic Structure, These two articles might help you.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. One good source to get the essay on the role media, critical perspective about these topics is – Report of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission , named – Organizational Structure Of Government of India (13th Report) For devolution of finances to local bodies, Read This.. (Don’t look anywhere else) But Mains demands not only basic understanding of these topics, but your critical and analytic abilities to answer questions on essay title a kidnapped, these topics. So, try to relate these concepts to current event topics and write small articles. Essay Of Electronic? ARC reports will help you in this regard. Eg. ” Though devolution of funds, functionaries and functions is christopher, taking place in the local governments, development is still a mirage in many parts of essay role media, India”. Critically analyze. Of A Essay? (you can frame many questions like this) This topic is a dynamic portion – we read lot about conflict between the Judiciary and the Executive – to essay on the role media, answer dynamic topics, one should first understand the essays about, constitutional provisions, redressal measures with the constitution, checks and balances provided in the constitution etc. ARC reports come to the rescue again.

7th report of 2nd ARC named “Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution ” talks elaborately on various issues such as Left Wing Extremism, Regional Disparities, Land and Water related issues, SC and ST issues, Religious conflicts and North East conflicts – which involve numerous institutions in the conflict management and resolution. Later, scan current events and on the of electronic find any latest instances of essay title, conflict between any constitutional bodies, or between a constitutional body and statutory body. Again, concepts can be studied either from essay role D.D. Basu or Laxmikat.. A book by S. Chand – Select Constitutions of the rhetorical questions, world is famous among Law students. Essay On The Of Electronic? This covers this topic comprehensively. One should be careful to not to study this topic in depth.

In case you can afford to buy costly book – D.D. Christopher Bruce Essay? Basu’s Classic on the Indian Constitution – Shorter Constitution Of India not only covers all above topics, it also covers the present topic. Few links that might help: Try to know some basics about the New Constitutions/reforms being framed/brought out in Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and essay role of electronic media Pakistan. (Again, emphasis should be on relating all these topics to competition november 2013, the current events) Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers privileges and role of electronic media issues arising out of these.

To cover this topic, one stop source is Subhash Kashyp’s Our Parliament. (Why this book? Because it is written by someone who worked inside the Parliament for most of his career, and this book gives a detailed idea about the functioning of our Parliament – as the above topic suggests, you should be familiar with all aspects of our Parliament. Guestbook 2.3.2? This books is cheap, and is highly readable with lot of insights) Again, Laxmikant is enough for this topic. Role Of Electronic Media? Regarding pressure groups/ informal associations – recent activism shown by Civil society, conflict with the government and other such topics should be studied in depth. This topic has generated more heat in the past and present – eg, office of profit bill, anti-defection bill, electoral reforms bill etc. This topic should be. Recent supreme court ruling disqualifying MPs and MLAs with criminal background, and current topics like this should be studied carefully. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. . Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Read Laxmikant for this part. Part VII,VIII and IX of title a kidnapped, this book completely covers these topics. This part of the on the, syllabus has given rise to some contentious issues such as political interference in advanced 2.3.2, the appointment to essay media, various constitutional posts and analysis questions statutory bodies. Eg EC, CBI, CVC, CAG, SC, Governors, Lokayukta, Lokpal (if it comes into existence) etc. So, read this topic keeping in on the media, mind these above issues.

As I said before, you need to read all the above topics with an guestbook, analytical perspective. Essay On The Media? To provide you with this, there is a wonderful book published by Oxford University Press and title authored by Pratap Bhanu Mehta, named – “ Public Institutions in India – Performance and Design “, will be immensely useful. As its back cover says, “ This volume analytically assesses the design, performance, and adaptability of the principal institutions of media, governance in India and bruce their critical role in a democratic polity .” That is what you need for this paper. Government policies and on the role media interventions for development in various sectors and rooster essay issues arising out of their design and essay media implementation . Also, refer Economic Survey for government policies and PIB site regularly. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. [Please note the phrase “ Development Industry ” – it refers to aid industry developed around NGOs, UN bodies, Charities etc and their role in the development process.] Planning commission has various articles on these topics. Welfare schemes for antithesis advanced 2.3.2 vulnerable sections of the population by essay on the, the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for christopher bruce the protection and betterment of essay on the of electronic, these vulnerable sections. Note the word “STATE” – schemes by the states are also important. Focus on the schemes being implemented by the Ministry of title a kidnapped, Women and Child welfare, Ministry of Social Justice, Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Tribal affairs. List of All state and on the of electronic central scheme – Govt. of India Website (here you can filter queries by the ministry- it is not easy though, govt site you know..)

One more option is competition november 2013, visit this link on my site to essay, go to the site of any Ministry and essay title find schemes there. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to on the of electronic, Health, Education, Human Resources. . Issues relating to a kidnapped, poverty and hunger. We read lot about this these days: Food security bill, PDS reform, Poverty reduction schemes, Poverty-line controversy, Malnutrition figures, report on malnutrition(remember HungMa report?) etc. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and role of electronic media potential; citizens charters, transparency accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy. Again, 2nd ARC report (10th report) – Refurbishing of Personnel Administration has whole chapter (ch-4) on this topic. India and its neighborhood- relations. Two sources for this topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

For India’s relations with the other countries, click here. (read only important counries – USA, UK, EU, SA, Brazil, Japan, Russia, Australia etc) Ministry of rhetorical, External Affairs has briefs on all bilateral relations of India with regional and global groupings: Effect of policies and politics of essay, developed and of a essay developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. This is a dynamic part – effects of globalization, WTO policies, domestic policies of developed countries and their effect on other countries (lot of examples from essay role media USA, UK can be given – visa row, war on terrorism, immigration policies, economic policies etc) Indian diaspora – their contribution to competition 2013, India, India’s contribution to essay role media, them, Their contribution to the world etc.

Their problems in the residing countries, their rights in India – constitutional/statutory provisions if any, their participation in christopher rooster essay, track two diplomacy, their role in Indian economy etc etc. Newspaper is the best source I guess. For more info, visit the essay media, official site. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. UNO and its various bodies, agencies must be studied with respect to their structure, role, relevance and reforms. UN reforms is the hot topic. International Organizations (no UN bodies) such as APEC, ADB, ASEAN, OECD, NATO should be studied. For links to all these organizations: click here. Finally, for some articles from Yojana magazines (2013) that are related to many topics from this Paper, click here.

Five Indispensable Books For paper-III. TWO RECOMMENDED BOOKS (Only If You Have More Time At Your Disposal) – Both By Granville Austin – Classics On Indian Polity. Until now we saw what books to read. Now the question is antithesis guestbook 2.3.2, how to remember most of the things we read and how to essay role, translate them into better answers. A common mistake most of the guestbook 2.3.2, aspirants commit is reading so many books for a single topic.This mistake costs both your time and ability to remember things clearly and role concisely. Stick to a single source and read it again and again. Remember The Same Source. Avoid the analysis questions, temptation of doing ‘Research’ on a topic. Always Remember – UPSC tests Basic Understanding. Not mastery over essay role of electronic a topic. Make short notes on each topic.

It is rooster, while making notes that readers tend to do RESEARCH and scout various sources. Stick to one book even if you are not 100% satisfied with it. Role Of Electronic? Remember that old saying? – Jack of all trades, master of NONE. If you try to do Research, most probably your name won’t appear in a kidnapped, the Final List. I guarantee it. For Paper-II (i.e GS-1) being thorough with Current Events plays a crucial role in enabling you to role of electronic, acquire analytical skills.

Very Important Part In The Preparation. Writing. Writing. Antithesis Guestbook? Writing. But what? – One must practice answer writing to Previous year questions, or take a Mock Test. Whatever, before you enter examination hall, you must have spent lot of time on answer writing. Most Important Part In The Preparation. Revision. Revision.

Re-Revision. You do this and you appear for the Personality Test. If you don’t Revise what you read all these months – you slightly miss the Personality Test, or You narrowly miss appearing in the Final List. Well, to sum up. Essay On The Role Media? To get the interview call all you need to writing november 2013, do is: Read, Re-read the essay on the, same source, Write and Revise. Preparation for this paper can be finished in 20 days provided you are focused and determined. Of course. Eat well, Sleep well and Keep a good health. If you get a running nose on the day of the exam, 2 hours out of 3 hours goes in draining it and title a kidnapped drying it.

thoroughly researched and analysed…provided me with a framework to role media, plan my prep for GS 3..thanx a ton for ur commendable effort sir.. sir…will u plz help me by essays games, sujjesting refernce books for gs4 and essay gs5..i will b highly thank ful for u… In 3-4 days i will put the list and strategy. “Thank you” would be an underrated word for your insight. Would you also tell which chapters are to be read from the various books that you had mentioned. Antithesis Advanced Guestbook? You had already mentioned some and i have no idea how to essay on the of electronic, deal with the rest. This site is very useful for all the aspirants I must say and hope the same strategy continues till the end..thank you very much for your guidance.

Thanks Vishal. We will continue it as long as there is support and cooperation. Thanks Vishal. We will continue it as long as there is support and writing competition november 2013 cooperation. First of all I am thankful for initiating this site. I can say this is the base for every IAS aspirant. Essay On The Role Of Electronic? I am facing few difficulties during my preparation. Well, I am attempting for 2014. Bruce Rooster Essay? As I am left with 7 months for exam..day by day a sense of fear is increasing whether i can complete the portion or not.

Is it possible to role of electronic media, complete the questions, portion 7 months duration with revision? For which reading is it better to essay role, make notes i mean like 1st reading or so?And I am finding difficulty in discovery father, managing the time. I am attempting secure 2014 questions but spending lot of time on it and at the same time I am unable to complete the on the media, standard books. How can I improve my writing? hello sir,i am ittle bit confused sir which oooks i shoud used for essay title a kidnapped gs 1,gs 2,gs 3,gs 4.sir plz tell me atleast one book for each gs paper because sir if i study that much of role of electronic, books i will become confused sir plz tell me the books where i got all the data of gs papers plz reply soon sir i will be thank fu to discovery of a father essay, u. what about Granville Austins books,can u give a sort of review about his books. You can read his commentaries on our constitution, you can also go through constituent assembly debates, but I feel one should stick to few sources.

On your recommendation, I will give links to his books and their reviews – one can read them after Mains though. I have not read them to write a review, when I do, I would love to. i have Laxmikanth 3rd edition……so it is necessary to essay on the, buy 4th one. 3ed edition is rhetorical questions, enough. You don’t have to buy new edition. Get photo copy of extra material that appears in the new edition. More than 95% will remain the same #128578; sir can you give book for hindi medium student for essay media ias.

I am sorry Nitin. Christopher Rooster Essay? I don’t have/know access to Hindi sources. Nitin, i dont have much knowledge but some of the famus books are also available in hindi language for on the role example books of dd basu , laxmikanth , bipin chandra ,are available in hindi . So search online or go to Mukharjee nagar market. hi sir am a bignrr n i startd with ncert bks fr ppr 3…gs..is tht neceesary to title a kidnapped, read all above books…i want to stick to one matrl tht is laxmicanth 4th edtn…is tht bk covers all the tpcs tht u hv mentioned?? R shall i go fr othr bk whch cvrs all tpcs?? Pls suggest me sr regard ths pls. I think you should read D D Basu also. Though laxmikant covers all the topics, you should be in a position to answer tough questions too. Some topics like first 5 chapters in D D Basu must be read from that book only.

You should stick to one book for essay on the role certain topics. One book can not cover all topics well. Oh k …these two bks r enough no r else can i go fr othrs too in antithesis guestbook 2.3.2, order to answer all tough questns. cn u tell me the cst of DD basu can i buy it in essay on the role, flipkart.com. one more book is needed for polity for antithesis advanced guestbook 2.3.2 getting critical analysis: Could u pls tell me which chapters vl cover the topics of 3 ,4 ,5 ,6,”7, th..of GS-2ppr..for mains.in laxmiknth 4th edition book…pls tell me in detail..sir with chapters no…

Read Part-II, IV and VII completely. On The Role Of Electronic Media? For 4th topic you should go for D D Basu or S Chand book for which i have given link. Thq fr u r infrmatn regarding this. Is that necessaryto cover all 11 parts of laxmikanths polity .. r shall i go for selected chapters. n please tell me the parts which covers 10 ,11,12,13,14th n 15th topic in laxmikant. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and essay writing competition the States. how can i cover the above topic ?can u mention specific chapters of any books? commendable work sir. Kindly provide guidelines for rest of on the of electronic media, GS papers.

Sir,what about essays about video games, Subhash Kashyap- our political system – can it be done instead of our parliament ? It seems to cover others topics as well.. Our political system is also a good book. I mentioned ‘Our Parliament’ only for those topics. Study either of them – stress should be on understanding the concepts, not going very deep into essay on the role of electronic them. You didn’t answer yesterday’s questions! #128578; Thank you sir.

I have a doubt regarding questions – I can write some meaningful answers only if I read or have a prior knowledge about about video games, it – Sir can I attempt them after a nice satisfying study on the topic that day or can I attempt with only half knowledge on essay on the role of electronic media, each topic? I prefer the previous one but don’t know if others are directly attempting questions sir :-/ I understand your dilemma. You can read questions related stuff for title 1-2 hours, jot down quick points, form your own opinion and write answers in one go (you can dedicate one hour for this). So, 3 hours for two topics from the essay on the role of electronic media, syllabus (I will frame questions solely from the syllabus) is not a bad idea. By doing this, from rough calculation, you will be covering around 700 topics by of a father, December! I don’t think whole syllabus has these many topics #128578; I don’t think all are attempting directly here.

It doesn’t matter though. Essay Role? What matters is whether you have covered the topic or not in your preparation. If you are familiar with a topic, you can attempt the question in exam confidently. Yes sir, your questions were excellent. It’s a topic in itself – like UNSC reforms which requires some study, I lost confidence when I saw others Answers but as you said I should finish the topic and attempt. It definitely helps. Christopher Bruce? Thanks a lot for essay on the your effort #128578; Sir Please Guide How to analysis essay, read and essay role of electronic Utilize ARC’s Effectively…what to read from it and what not to… sir,now i have a clear concept about title, gs i and role of electronic media gs ii. please provide strategy for gs iii and bruce rooster essay gs iv… Ya sure. I will.

Did you finish both papers? Cleared prelims? #128578; kindly update such type of syllabus analysis for g.s paper 3 and 4 thanks. GS-4 will be out soon. Awesome work bro… Thanks a lot… #128578; Thankyou sir for the marvellous work. Besides sources, guiding is also very important part of this examination.

Sir, kindly suggest sources for gs3 (paper 4). hello sir ..i want to confirm one thng ..after reading ur whole strategy i came to conclusion dat dis gs part will be covered fully by “dd basu ,laxmikanth ,ARC reports,current affairs” . is it the right conclusion sir ? i cant buy too many books dats y ..plz do reply. One more book I mentioned above by Pratap Bhanu Mehta and essay role media some scholarly articles on these topics (I will update if I find some) + NCERT texts. These are enough to get a hold on the syllabus. Video? Anyway, it also depends upon how questions will be asked this year. Based on that I will update this post. thanx.. a lot..i m followin. hats off to u..with blessing of of electronic media, so many aspirants ur seat in heaven is booked.. Thank you #128578; But I am not in hurry #128521; sir,thanks for ur great work. Essays About Video And Violence? u r a “light in dark” 4 those who are in remote areas can”t keep touch with delhi “market” .though my many doubts had cleared aftr touching ur web.but i hav some different questions-

1) i was on media, bed since june due to a surgery so could not touched a page of book in june+july.as i cleared prelims n also feeling a bit of better hd started GS1 history+ my optiona now. but whenevr i saw “new” syllabus,a question comes in mind can i do all this in essay writing competition, remaining 3 months while many are preparing since june/july?? are these remaing days are-more or sufficient or very less?? n whatever condition is, what strategy should i follow 4 preparation because i don’t want to give up or waste time at essay role media, any cost. ur comments will b highly valuable for me. waiting for ur reply.thank you. Thanks for the compliment. #128578; I hope you are in good health now. Health is very important in essay competition november, this exam – keep it in good shape. There is still 100 days to go for Mains.

So you have around 20 days for each paper. Essay On The Role Of Electronic? You can still prepare well for the mains. Start reading without thinking about how much time you are left with. Stick to very few books for each paper. Read them thoroughly.

Never think about questions, others – they might have read more than you, but what matters is how good they can perform in the crucial 3 hours in essay on the role of electronic, the exam hall. You focus on essay writing competition 2013, this. Practice writing every day. Start answering 6-10 questions. Instead of reading books from end to end, take up questions, divide them topic-wise and start solving them. When you don’t know the answer, refer a book and answer it. It stays in your mind even after exam. Role Of Electronic? Read few things completely.

I assure you, 100 days is still a lot of time. Discovery Essay? Plan well and execute it. If you badly want IAS, then go for it no matter how less time you have. On The Role? But not at the cost of health. Maintain it well. #128578; You have a good name. First time I have ever come across this name. #128578; same feeling here as i also 1’st time come across a web which is so personel so motivating so quick in response, thank u for this valuable suggestion,i m more charged now.

as u said these r “100 days” n i hv to utilise/manage it i will do from now. Thank you #128578; Yes, you can finish whole thing in 100 days. I have no doubts. Sir for topic 3 u have recommended for the arc report chapter 7….but sir its too extensive….is there any other way out. I will find out and let you know. Good source of essay writing competition, links. will try to follow.

hello sir,hw r u? i had a doubt- for world history should i go for essay role ncert old 9 10 class is it sufficient??or directly go f0r norman lowe?? as keeping in games and violence, mind dat i had less time so i want selective reading more revision. Essay On The Role Media? plz suggest. If you have old NCERT’s they r enough now. They cover most of it. Thanks. Advanced Guestbook? I am good.

Hope u r too. thank u for reply, yeah i got old ncert’s n m doing. i hv one suggestion (which is on the role media, also our requirement too) that in some remote places where “the hindu” hard copy r not available so we r fully depend on websites. if u can seperate those news editorials according to syllabus topics sub-topics. you already had done this at many places in GS mains strategy. example- editorial “Debate and pass the Food Bil” lt can be used in GS paper 2 3 under topics………” then it wl b useful for antithesis advanced guestbook many to make their notes on each topic will make everyone’s burden less. That is a good suggestion. I will give it some thought and see how I can work on it. THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR GIVING IT A LOOK,CERTAINLY IT WILL HELP MANY ASPIRANTS LIKE ME. WHATEVER U R DOING FOR UPSC ASPIRANTS US IT CAN’T BE DISCRIBED IN WORDS,JUST I WISH “GOD GIVE U HAPPINESS ALWAYS”. thanks for role of electronic media all the help. The detailed breakdown with source of preparation is really very helpful.

Can you please put out a similar article on GS Paper IV. Thanks. But for paper on Ethics, I am not finding proper sources. sir it is necessary to read laximikanth after reading basu because laxmikanth is copy of basu…thanku. Actually one should read D D Basu after reading Laxmikanth. But if you have read Basu and understood all of it, and comfortable with it, no need to go for other books. But for bruce rooster prelims, you may have to refer Laxmikanth as it is updated with many new things. Sir, can uplz tell me the essay on the role of electronic, link to title, download previous years question papers for g.s. mains? Can you please attatch the questions (daily answer writing practice) to the relevant papers..some of them are good questions and it is easier to view all resources on one page. It is a very good suggestion.

I will do this (it takes some time though). Thanks. First I would like to on the role media, thank a lot for your wonderful Sincere effort.Your Suggested Strategy is very helpful.I am preparing for cse 2014.If you can please clarify my few doubts.1)I have finished Laxmikant in entirety.is it still required to read “our parliament by subhash kashyap”?coz lamikant has almost covered every chapter given in kashyap!! 2)in eco i am done with ncert as suugested by discovery essay, u read once eco booklet provided by vajiram ravi.now am confused whether to read Ramesh singh o not or whether i shld focus to essay media, consolidate the dyanamic part of eco as suggested by u?? 1) If you are comfortable with Laxmikant and essay a kidnapped have understood all the areas, then don’t read Kashyap’s book. I suggested it as it it is exclusively for Parliament and is written by a person who worked there most of his career. 2) I think you should read Ramesh SIngh as you have so much time with you. It is a good book and not a bulk one too. 3) After reading above books, focus more on dynamic part also and on the consolidate all important areas. Make notes if possible.

4) Economic Survey is essay, usefu, it depends on essay on the role, the persons in charge of writing it though (Last year kaushik Basu had a different approach, and this year Raghuram Rajan was the boss) . Buy the latest one next year. Thanks 4 a quick reply!! Sir your sincere reply has motivated me to ask Few more queries!! 1)i have a book “Governance in India by Laxmikant. can it supplant the analysis essay questions, book “public institutions in of electronic, india by Pratap bhanu”coz i had made my mind to read it but aft reading your strategy for GS -2 . am confused?pls suggest!! 2)As suggested by u am going to read first 5 chap. of DD basu. sir is it not sufficient for the topic “comparision of indian constitutional scheme with other countries” if I consolidate my current affair regarding it? or the essay questions, s.chand book suggested by u is essay on the media, Expedient?

3)2nd ARC Report 7th 11th are too vast??sir if u can pls suggest necessary chap.s of antithesis, these(its bulkyness is essay on the of electronic media, vry scary :)) Sir 1 more ques. i forgot to ask.how much eco survey is helpful for gs-3? shld i read 2012-13 or wait for 2013-14?shld read it b4 cse pre or aft that? I was going through the bilateral relations of analysis essay questions, India on MEA website and essay I frequently came across the term “tariff lines”. While there is rhetorical questions, no easily understandable definition of it on on the role of electronic media, the internet, I found the following definition on one of the links: “The tariff line is the product code used at the national level, beyond the bruce rooster essay, 6 digits of the Harmonized System. It is different from essay role one country to another.” And from the above definition I cant understand the meaning of tariff lines in one of the sentences on India-Brazil bilateral relations which is “New tariff lines have been proposed under the India-Mercosur PTA.”

Could you please explain the meaning in layman terms? Tariff Line is basically a Product (such as Tea, Rice, Wool etc) assigned with a well defined Code for the purpose of assigning it a Tariff value. Tariff Lines are listed under Tariff Schedule. Every country maintains this schedule. Basically, as you know, tariff is usually an import duty on products to be traded. When you want to enhance trade with a country, you increase Tariff lines with that country i.e, opening your economy for more imports. Sometimes, you do so with Tariff Preference or Tariff Concession i.e, lowering tariffs to near Zero level to discovery essay, help boost partner country’s exports. Which India has done in media, the case of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. In the case of India -Pakistan trade relations we come across ‘Sensitive List’. In this case we read that Pakistan has been urged to november, reduce ‘Tariff Lines’ in the Sensitive List.

Example, “Each Member State retains a ‘Sensitive Lists” which is not offered for confessional treatment. Of Electronic Media? Presently, Pakistan has placed 1169 tariff lines in its Sensitive List…… Reduction of rhetorical analysis, 233 tariff lines which is an essay role of electronic, obligation for Pakistan under SAFTA will reduce Pakistan’s Sensitive List from antithesis advanced 1169 to 936 tariff lines.” Each Tariff Line is assigned a code based on a criteria which we don’t require to know. If you want to know this, visit here: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tariffs_e/tao_help_e.htm (you have to scroll down there to see a table explaining how codes are assigned). Hope this helped. 1)i have a book “Governance in India by Laxmikant. can it supplant the book “public institutions in india by Pratap bhanu”coz i had made my mind to read it but aft reading your strategy for GS -2 . am confused?pls suggest!! 2)As suggested by u am going to media, read first 5 chap. of DD basu. sir is rhetorical essay, it not sufficient for the topic “comparision of indian constitutional scheme with other countries” if I consolidate my current affair regarding it? or the s.chand book suggested by essay, u is Expedient?

3)2nd ARC Report 7th 11th are too vast??sir if u can pls suggest necessary chap.s of these(its bulkyness is vry scary #128578; ) 1) The difference between ‘Governance in India’ and ‘Public Institutions…” is that the latter is written by an international acclaimed thinker and it will help you in getting a critical perspective on many issues. Both are good, but Laxmikant is more of writing competition november, facts than analysis. In Mains, you need analytic skills. 2) For comparison part you can get Vajiram notes I think in case you can’t buy the book I have suggested (S Chand publication) D D Basu is not sufficient for this topic. Of Electronic Media? I will try to get previous year questions on this topic from somewhere and update again this article. 3) I will go through ARC and suggest you chapters. #128578; Sir,Thanks for your valuable Reply !! pls reply arc report chapter. Ya Insights i have understood it now.

Thank you #128578; Alright i am finding this awesome webpage only today , on rhetorical essay, a rainy thunderous night at 12.30 a.m , facing mains some 80 days from now …. and i hope it’s better late than never . commendable work…..u r really making true use of essay media, IT to empower student from far flunge areas….. Just no words to express my gratitude. I have also started the preparation. When I saw the syllabus, I started looking for guidance. I came across this site and finally got what I wanted. Thank you sir, it has really made our work very easy. I am following The Hindi Newspaper Daily along with PIB and essay title a kidnapped other sites. Of Electronic Media? Do I need to go through the monthly magzines like CST, Chronical.

In case required then please suggest me which one will be better. If you are regular with The Hindu, PIB, and any one business newspaper, you don’t need magazines. But buy and discovery of a father essay read Frontline. Essay On The Role Of Electronic Media? It helps in essay 2013, Essay. Richa plz you should must improve spelling mistake you wrote i am reading the hindi newspaper whenever correct is the hindu.

You also study WORLD FOCUS for understanding foreign relations. Sir,your blog is very informative…your approach regarding new GS pattern is commendable….one suggestion is needed…how to on the of electronic media, go about rhetorical essay, reading the book ‘public institutions in india”…do i need to go with whole book or selected chapters…. thanks. preparation for mains is going well under ur guidence..bt i m worried for essay of electronic many current affairs which will come in each paper bcoz i m not in proper touch due to hectic schedule. current affairs of how many previous months will b required before dec 1 mains? and from where i should read those current affairs? plz suggest any source or magazine etc. waiting 4 u quick reply as always. thank you. For Mains, you shoulf focus on current events from last September-October to christopher essay, this November. If you have not followed current events till now, Wizard / Vajiram release a compendium next month. You have to study them selectively keeping in mind the topics of the essay of electronic media, syllabus.

Don’t worry too much about current events for new pattern. Father? As syllabus is on the role of electronic, detailed, covering all those topics is christopher bruce rooster essay, sufficient. Few topics like food security, PDS, security issues, developments in ST, require current orientation, focus on on the media, such topics in current events. By when will u upload the model test paper of gs-2 ? sir please throw some light on as to how to essay, the ARC reports. it seems gigantic and bewildering. thankyou. THANX INSIGHTS YOUR COLLECTION OF MATERIALS ON EACH TOPIC IS REALLY RARE.

I HAVE NO MORE WORDS TO DESCRIBE HOW SINCERE JOB YOU DO FOR US AGAIN THANX. I am a working professional and all of a sudden I had this thought of writing UPSC in 2014. Though initially this was a very strong urge..after checking the syllabus and the level of on the of electronic, exam, I had given away the hopes of even attempting it (considering that I was away from studies for 4 years)… This blog has given me a level of confidence to get prepared and start off with it. Also, It would be great if I can get a similar kind of strategy to prepare for optional subjects. I have zeroed in on analysis, Mathematics (need to start from square 1 though #128577; … ) While just browsing the article regarding the poverty and hunger for GS paper2. I think this link might work for poverty and hunger. Please upload the essay on the role, mock test paper for gs 2 soon.

Sir, can you please mention topic 11 ke liye planning comission ke kaunse articles karein? Or if soneone else is aware about of a, same, please guide. sir in in freedom srtuggle by bipin chandra which chapters are more important for study. sir now syllabus of gs is very vast how can we memorize it till the entry in the examination hall. Thank you sir, the of electronic, information you have uploaded is very relavent and crisp, it is very helpful. You are welcome Sanjay. thanks for such a good information about the material and books. Which is essays about games, best for this paper ? 1. Public Institutions in India: Performance and Design. 2.Oxford Companion to Indian politics by on the of electronic, N Gopal.

First one is better. Second one has separate small articles and most are not relevant. First one has deep analysis and helps in Mains, There is some problem in bruce essay, the topic numbering. Total no of topics should be 20. Topic 12 13 are actually Topics 13 and 14. Although you have covered all 20 topics number 17 is missing. As much as I hate correcting already perfect page I still want it to be more perfect. Essay Role? Thank you very much for essay writing competition 2013 what you are doing.

@Insights Simply brilliant compilation for prep! You are doing a great job.Thanks for on the media that.I wanted to ask that we have to analysis essay, read the complete Arc reports or only the recommendations and conclusions. Thanks. Read only recommendations and conclusions. for topic 1 you suggested D.D. Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters….. On The Role Of Electronic? Laxmikanth is not covering this part? I have read laxmikanth completely and is it required to buy DD basu for few topics?

Man…. Essays Video Games? hats off to him who has compiled the information…. This can be a boon article for the working professionals like me … who have time but not that enough to visit the on the media, delhi’ business coaching classes… I have been following one of the christopher bruce essay, forum maintained by on the, a senior player from long time. But it was lacking a zeal … which i have sensed in your artcles. Please keep analysing and showing us the right path.. 1.Is Public Institutions in India to be read cover to cover ? 3. Essay Title? Regarding Paper-4, i.e., GS- III, I always see its syllabus and role get confused. I am not able to consolidate whether I know them or not. When I think which portion I dont know or havent read, I dont find any topic left. Rhetorical? I feel that all of role, them are umbrella topics.

I want a firm grip on rhetorical essay questions, all of them. What should be done ? 1.Is Public Institutions in India to be read cover to role of electronic, cover ? 3. Bruce Rooster? Regarding Paper-4, i.e., GS- III, I always see its syllabus and get confused. Essay On The Of Electronic Media? I am not able to consolidate whether I know them or not. When I think which portion I dont know or havent read, I dont find any topic left. I feel that all of rhetorical, them are umbrella topics. I want a firm grip on all of them. Essay? What should be done ? Vicky, You can buy his books. 2.3.2? They are sharp and role of electronic media deep in their analysis. As you are preparing for 2014, you can read it.

It definitely helps. Regarding GS-4 or any other paper, we will be starting a topic wise initiative in about games, December. It would help you all, hopefully. This message was not delivering either here or at doubts corner. That’s why I had to re-write it. Please ignore the duplicate comments.

Good Afternoon Sir. 1. Sir Public Institutions by Bhanu Pratap is to be read cover to cover ? And there is on the role media, another book by discovery father essay, him, The Burden of Democracy. Do u recommend to role of electronic, read that too ? 2. Sir regarding third paper, i.e. Paper 4, I am confused. I am not able to get a firm grip over the things. When I see the syllabus, nothing seems to be left. But then a vague and unconsolidated feeling arises about my knowledge of essay, that paper. How should I get complete grip over all the things- economics, security, science-tech, etc ? So that I can be carefree for any topic which may come in the exam.

it is a critical analyse of syllabus which I’m seeking . But is it possible to buy huge books by lot of students (include me). Most of cracker express they were read from few books! If you read the article, you will notice that only 5 books are mentioned and few chapters from each book is recommended. If this is essay media, burden, you can go for coaching material #128578; Five books = Few books, in our opinion #128578; Tilll now in christopher rooster essay, my knotledge it is best platfrom for query. 6.ncert indian society. 7. Human geography.

9ncert 12 economy. 12 books. 7 books more sir. Atlast special thanks to essay role of electronic media, you. Don’t angry to me! If you consider buying and a kidnapped reading NCERT as burden, it is on the, very sad.

And your reply of this kind to our last comment is sad too. Anyway, above strategy is not compulsory for everyone. Choose the best way that suits you. #128578; Thanks insight. If I get selected, you are the reason other than me #128578; Sir I’m extremely sorry for my comment!

Actually myself is upset to thinking it that what read and why! But this site is very scientific and I shall follo You. for topic 1 you suggested D.D. Basu’s “Introduction To The Constitution Of India” First 5 chapters….. Essays About Video? Laxmikanth is not covering this part? Is it required to media, buy DD basu if one have completed laxmikanth?

I have already explained that for essay title a kidnapped analytical approach, D D Basu is must. Essay On The Media? Anyway, you can wait till this Mains and of a essay see for on the of electronic yourself nature of questions and then decide. D D Basu is just Rs 180+ I guess. And reading few extra chapters won’t harm you. For the topic “Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate” – how many marks question could be asked in the exam? How they will frame a question over essay writing november 2013 these topics? 20th edition of DD Basu is not available in the market. What is difference between 20th and 21st edition ? Is there more changes?

There won’t be much difference except for updation of amendments.You can study 20th edition – it’s as good as new one. hats off for excellency in directing the most difficult task of preparation in civils examination…. thanking u sir…. do you think that by essay on the role of electronic media, giving a detailed syllabus for general studies (mains) upsc has reduced the importance of antithesis advanced, current affairs to essay of electronic, a large extent (at the essay november 2013, mains stage) No, actually the importance has increased. You have to read current events in relation to the topics of Mains syllabus. Earlier importance was given to facts, not it is on analysis. So newspapers help you in this. Essay Of Electronic Media? Competitive magazine which cover facts won’t help on the other hand. @insight Which competitive magazines do you suggest to follow. In topic 2, why we should read Laxmikant’s Chapter-30(High Court)? In topic 1, From where we can read “amendments significant provisions of the constitution”?

I request you to revert on antithesis guestbook 2.3.2, the above query as we are quite dependent on your suggestion. Oh ok! I have given from 3ed edition. It’s Panchayat Raj (Chapter 30) And for amendments to have glimpse, you can read those given at the end of the India Year Book (Publication Division) or D D Basu. I have followed indian public administration by rajni Goyal (along-with you booklist) and on the role of electronic media It is bruce rooster, a good book to be followed selectively along-with your prescription . Of Electronic? why don’t you see yourself and if it’s that good include it in the routine. Discovery Of A? it’ll surely help aspirants. thanks for such a great effort, you people have ruined the essay role, monopoly of coaching centres. Thanks Akhilesh. We would include it.

As you have gone through it, please let us know which topics are most helpful from the essay writing 2013, book. We will update the article. I need guidance… May we know for what?? sir first of all thank u so much for such a wonderful help. i want to ask is this imp to read “Challenge And Strategy : Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Rajiv Sikri” ? is on the of electronic, conventional part being asked in mains for international relation or do we have to focus only on contemporary part. or do we read ignou book for international part instead of that? Thanks Nisha. Yes you need to rhetorical analysis essay questions, read this book. Or any other good book on foreign policy. On The Of Electronic? These books written by diplomats use a certain language specific to diplomacy and international relations.

It helps you grasp fundamentals better and then enrich your knowledge which would later reflect in your answers. It is title, a good book. Go for it. You won’t regret reading it. Contemporary part is most important and to understand it you need to know some basics. This book by essay on the, Sikri would help you in this. Thanks for clearing doubt. ) Really thanks for your selfless efforts. It will do a lot of good to IAS aspirants.

For parliament and state legislature isn’t Lakshmikant or D.D.Basu enough.Do we have to bruce rooster, read it in detail from ‘Our Parliament’ sir thanks for of electronic media your clear dissection of the syall…sir im having discomfort regarding topics for which u have mentioned links like ARC,IGNOU which is very vast..in GS2 topic2 for devolution of of a, finances you have mentioned a link which is very vast.in topic3 ARC 7TH REPORT.in GS3 topic 4link given are all vast.sir pls concise all vast sources it wil be kind of you.IT WILL BE VERY HELPFULL. excellent website for aspirants. Helps provide a framework for developing a strategy. I am addicted to this website. sir, for essay role of electronic topic 2: i didnt find the 13 th arc useful …i am done reading the coventional part .. Discovery Of A Father? but that wont help by on the of electronic media, looking towards the essays video games and violence, pattern .i think the 13 th finance commision can be helpful..plz..guide ..as 13 th FC has a lot of facts too..suggest something for topic 2. sir ,thanks for your honorable effort for the aspirants of I.A.S. On The Of Electronic? i am a Hindi medium student so please suggest me books for I.A.S. mains gs-i ,gs-2 ,gs-3 ,gs-4 topic wise. and if possible for geography 1st and 2nd paper. 2.3.2? thank you sir.

Sorry Shubha. Absolutely have no idea about Hindi medium. Hope someone with knowledge about this answers your query. sir please suggest books for essay on the role of electronic media hindi medium in discovery father essay, the same manner as u have done for english medium topic wise for ias mains all the on the of electronic, four papers . i have read your suggestive books and topics which are admirable so i am waiting for your response at my given email id thank you . sorry sir , but i m waiting for bruce rooster your suggestion. Sir,I have a doubt regarding the on the role of electronic media, welfare scheme for vulnerable sections topic in GS2..Is it necesaary to know the indepth procedures involved in such schemes or the essay writing 2013, objectives and its implementation performance. Very nyc site…. thnk u insights team! whats about role of electronic media, strategy for upsc pre 2014 ?? thanx a lot sir. sir , how can i get information related to schemes and policies with respect to advanced 2.3.2, employment , poverty , environment , etc. if any one knows about these , please mail those to essay of electronic, my mail id; [emailprotected] sir, first of thank u for Ur hard and kind work towards the aspirant . now uspc included the environment , ecology like that . is there any book available in essay november, the market or do we need to go to internet for of electronic all answers for that ? We don’t have funda rights duties and state policies for mains? sir , can i buy the essay, newspaper analysis notes from your website ? it will be helpfull if you prepare answers for essay media the questions from newspapers since it will be more reliable and authentic .thank you. I am following your recommendations to essay writing, prepare for mains buts SIR in topic 2 of essay on the of electronic, general studies 2 I am not able to make out essay, how to study ARC reports they are too lengthy which part of the of electronic media, report should be read as time is less and syllabus is huge and YOU have suggested to avoid extra reading as it cost both time and ability to remember I am stuck here waiting for ur reply……. It would be very helpful if You can point out the chapter those we need to read from ARC report…Thank You.

This website is fantabulous which provides every single point in detail. I wish those people who are refering notes, debates etc from this website. God bless you Sir… can you tell me what to study in Topic 2 of GS 2 about Devolution of finance. Essay? The doc u have given for on the of electronic devolution of finance is tooo long. :p. sir…truly eyes watering bt unseen….that much grt effort U hv done here for whole Indians to get a IAS/IPS/IFS/else study strategy for whole GS1 2 3*4 papers….may GOD bless U very very very very very very deeeeeeeeeeeeply….. sir…jz one more thing too to discovery of a father, say…there is a mistake in given serial number of topics…total 20 topics naa…k,thank u… will u pz give the PDFs of ARCs 10th n 11th. or where coud i get all ARC PDFs?

which book should be preferred for on the role of electronic media polity?? DD Basu or Laxmikant? You are nothing short of title, a blessing for all us aspirants . On The? I mean, the christopher bruce, way you have dived into the details of on the, each and every topic, there is only one word for antithesis advanced 2.3.2 that – ‘AWESOME’. On The Role? Keep writing. Sir, you are doing great work providing these great information. I am also a UPSC Aspirant and don’t have another source for getting information about exam except internet. I am only get knowledgeable information by visiting various websites like yours. Your website is discovery father, very very useful for me. thanx sir,you had did a awesome job for the beginner. Three Cheers to Insights for on the role media these valuable guidance.

It is a very difficult and a humongous task to read and study selectively from such vast array of books and articles for this exam. Insights have removed that burden and lighten my load by 20%,,…. Now is the time to tackle the remaining 80%. Hello, brilliant and very comprehensive article. .one question regarding topic 1 – what does the about games, phrase “significant provisions” mean? Can anyone give an example so that I can prepare an exhaustive list. Thanks. thank you sir for of electronic your great job and for your representations of topics in very simple manner..pls keep updating… Thanks a lot for a kidnapped ur valuable guidance sir.

Especially for a student like me one who does not know where to start from and where to on the role media, end and totally in a confused state of mind.But by seeing ur well planned strategy one could feel happy to christopher bruce rooster, get their preparation in role media, a safe and happy manner and rhetorical analysis questions last but not least your time sparing for developing the of electronic media, strategy could immensely help the title a kidnapped, people from rural background which you have already did it.Once again thanks a lot sir and role media hope you will continue the same work and father help the aspirants.. Essay Media? #128578; It may change the way I am thinking abt upsc thank u for analysis essay questions this edible info…. Great Insights on on the, each and every aspect of the syllabus and the strategies to effectively master the same. Thank you Sir, this article has been of great help for me. A lot of thanks to insights. Your doing fabulous job and giving precious information to christopher rooster, us..each and essay on the every doubt regarding civils clarifying from essay writing competition 2013 ur sight no one can not do this good work but u did…for beginners your sight is on the role of electronic media, very very useful.even no inistitute cant giv guidance better than u…

Amazingly added up … hats off. Manoj Rawat—-Sir,i am working in Indian Navy and my seniors has not given me permission to pursue any coaching classes by christopher bruce essay, saying that(aisa thodi na hota hai ki paise yaha se logey aur padai waha karogey )..i was dejected….i do not have any clue..how to on the media, sudy what to study….but when i visited ur site…it is like as someone has unexpectedly saved me in the ocean while i was drowning…..this knowledge will be of immense help for writing competition 2013 me…… I am really very happy to know this. No matter how many people discourage you, never stop chasing your dream. On this site you will find everything you need – even great friends to support you. Start your preparation earnestly. All you need is a good internet connection and lots of determination. All the best Manoj. Sir , I am serving in central govt.I also have the same problem what Manoj Rawat is facing.I am posted at a remote place where I don’t get Hindu paper.that’s why I use to read Hindu paper on Hindu apps.But I am confused as what should I read and what should left.can you tell me what’s the on the role of electronic, difference between printed Hindu paper and Hindu apps.The other problem is I am reading Bipan Chandra India’s struggle for analysis essay Independence.should I make not simultaneously with reading the book or after completion of books.Simply I want to know the way of making notes.I am preparing for 2015.plzz guide me Sir..Regards.. i understand ur concerns what any other working aspirants experience this kind of dilemma. regards ur question about hindu tabloid, epaper material compare with hardcopy paper theres no diffenrence only u need to aware whats is imporatant n not that i ll list out as per my knowledge: 1. every hindu epaper have editiors column, link list link, that ll always be ur foremost priority to reading , analysing , highlights some important keywords n compare with given mains syllabus that presence in article , then to make small anecdote of it or using secure mains column , either in ur system folder or using cloud computing software.

2. Essay Of Electronic Media? will be immediate international page, it may have lots of international issues, institutions, indian diaspora, personalities , all will be given priority . 3. science n tech and first page will be utmost importance regarding reading n making notes of hindu along with any one economic tabloid paper , either business standards or economic times or business line. normally we prefer business standards , because it cover all important topics comes under both gs 2, gs 3, even some ethics paper with much more analytical in presentation format. then come again ur std materials u asked here. its always better to make small hint notes or anecdotes of every chapter, topics, issues while in reading times.making mind mapping tehniques is even better , that u can easily downloaded it from google. Advanced? finally most important thing while in essay on the role of electronic, preparation is essays about video, always goes for analytical prepapration n write more n more makes u betterment of ur chances to media, clear in antithesis advanced, very attempt, buddy. register in essay role of electronic media, e news paper of antithesis 2.3.2, hindu. Plzzz reply Sir..I am waiting. Sir..I am waiting very eagerly.please guide me. Sir, u r work is excellent, im the starter and I got confedence after following u r suggestions, Sir please help me regarding answer wrighting,development, checking my answer it is relevant to essay media, question or not, my residence is in tribal area so, I can’t find any one to correct my answer, sir I need suggestion from you, pls. Help me out by replying. dear amrutha priyadarshini, great to know even u live in most remoteness part of place , ur way of deretmination and essay commitment to pursue excellency in essay on the, ur mission will be the greatest attribute u had to succceed this kind of exams. nothing to essays about video games and violence, worry too much about ur answers auality n content. just write simultaneously among with ur prelims preparation .here all oru friends will immensely share their contributions with each others. On The Role? more inportantly always have to made some anecdotes of every topics u may completed so far this will assist u in final preparation of ur mains revision. This is the best site,I ever Search. but it is in english so it takes time to advanced guestbook 2.3.2, read articles.but it is very useful.

This is the best site,I ever Search . but it is in media, english and I am a hindi medium student, so it takes time to antithesis, read articles.but it is very useful.I am a house wife so can’t go for classes or else,so please help me sir by mails of useful contents for me. regards to you sir. Thank you so much sir…. you just made it so simple to understand what to study n what not to… hats off to u.. keep guiding us. Your style is vey unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the essay on the of electronic media, opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this. The article on ‘For devolution of finances to essays about video and violence, local bodies’ do we need to read who pdf or only summary part? Sir, I have a small question.

As you have given hyper link to role media, many of the pdfs and those pdf have summary and recommendations in the end. Video And Violence? So just reading that part would be suffice or do we have to read the whole chapter. Does the essay, upper age limit for civils going to reduce to 26 for General candidates. Please somebody answer this… Gr88 work being done sir..I indeed got a proper direction for my prep..bt stuck at antithesis, IR…though nt a beginner wit international relations i always feel like a beginner..i read the answers written by others nd always feel i donno many things..its kind off depressing..can u (or anyone) plzz tell me how to get things abt IR at a place or atleast to start off with.. sir my question is on the of electronic media, how you reached to these websites and links and how you came about to know that these books are better than other …i mean i want to know the thought process behing and how you were able to essay a kidnapped, get these …like MCRHRD website , anand website, we all want to know this. This Link isnt working. E-governance – Concept and on the role media Significance (IGNOU) Really Thanks a lot.

sir,how to download IGNOU notes,it is temprory stop and a kidnapped not be open.help me. extra ordinarily insightful . @ Insight : Will you pls add similar post for essay role media Geography optional. To download free e-books and civils materials visit …. Q.1.sir from antithesis where to get 10-year-previous-question-paper of general studies-ii(paper iii)? what was the name of this paper before changed of essay role of electronic media, syllabus? or is’t totally new?

Q.2. For topic 1 of GS II, “Indian constitution…basic structure”, WHAT TYPE OF QUESTIONS NEED TO PREPARE? BEST STRATEGY FOR IT? sir u have told tht read from single source,i agreed bt why u refer so many books for a kidnapped different part of syllabus.i thnk urs means is tht consolidate all the on the, matter from different sources into antithesis advanced single handy,lucid,easy n quicker to essay, revise notes? Can you please take a look at november 2013, what you have suggested under Topic 7, Peoples Representation Act? Some part of it is missing. These Preparation guidelines for on the role all GS 1-4 paper were updated in 2013. Will it work in 2015 also? It is Sufficient to follow the essays about video games and violence, same. please update from 2012 to 2015 specially IR.

Please update the strategy for 2016. for IAS PREPARATION. PARTICIPATE IN IAS MAINS CHALLENGE QUESTION. Sir in subash kashyap book…which chapters r to b read or d entire book?? Sir what to role media, read from arc report. Sir this article is 2 years old.. It will be better if we will get a updated info.. As many new books and essay reports are taking the place of old ones… Thank you sir we appreciate your efforts..

hi sir…i am preparing to give the exam in essay on the media, 2016. is this useful for 2016 prelims n mains? Please update the essay writing 2013, strategies… Thank you in advance insights. Sir, I request you to please update the strategy if u can with respect to 2016 mains. Sir , Please give link to Preparation strategy for Essay by Insights of essay on the role, India ? Is there any changes to be made to a kidnapped, the strategy outlined above . On The Role Of Electronic? Understanding the effort you are putting up for the upcoming prelims there is no necessity to update now . Advanced? Please update once you free up to the current environment of the UPS C examinations. Insightonindia please update all GENERAL STUDIES startegy.

It’s 2 years old.

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Essay on the Role of Electronic Media …

10 Ways to get Motivated for Homework. On The Role! *This article is probably most applicable to college and university students* Many obstacles exist for individuals who are professional procrastinators or who are losing motivation to finish (or start) homework. Here are some ways to overcome some of those obstacles. A Kidnapped! 1. Turn off the essay, television. It’s pretty hard to get excited about school when you’re favorite (or even not-so-favorite) television show is enticing you to sit and enjoy a relaxing time. Solution? Turn off the television and essay title plan a time to watch the program online the next day. Multiple benefits include: more likely to get some work done, save some electricity, and essay role of electronic experience minimal commercials when you watch it online. It’s a win/win situation! 2. Set the timer for online fun.

I realize you need to check facebook, myspace, e-mails, and your favorite blogs (like this one). I definitely support that. As you know, though, it’s pretty easy to spend hours upon hours online and not even realize it. Advanced 2.3.2! Solution? Set the timer on your cell phone for a reasonable amount of time, like 30 minutes. As soon as it goes off, get off that addicting website, and jump into essay of electronic media your school work. The sooner your homework gets done, the sooner you can get back online. 3. Long or Short sessions. You know yourself best.

Ask yourself: would I rather spend 5 hours Monday to get my work done for writing competition november 2013 the week and 5 hours Thursday night to get my work done for the weekend? OR would I rather spend 2 hours each night (including either a Sunday/Friday night)? The benefit of long sessions is role media, that it gives you stress-free days ahead, but it can be exhausting. The benefit of short sessions is that shorter seems easier, but it might feel more stressful as you’ll probably be finishing only writing november, tasks that must be done by the next day. 4. Drink some coffee (or anything with caffeine). I realize caffeine can appear as the essay on the of electronic media, evil drug that should be avoided at all costs. Simply put, it’s not.

A caffeine boost will give you an extra bit of energy, will sharpen your mind, and will improve your mood. Those are 3 things essential to motivation. Antithesis Advanced Guestbook 2.3.2! 5. Essay On The Media! Go with a classmate to essay writing competition, the library. Having someone else around who is also working will increase your productivity. Why the essay role media, library? You’ll be less likely to get chatty with the encouraged silence typical of discovery of a essay, libraries.

Make weekly homework dates/meetings and reward yourself afterwards by going to the pub, or to get some (more) coffee, or playing some guitar hero with your buddy. On The Role Media! 6. Why should I? List! Open a word document, and ask yourself only one question: Why should I do my homework right now? List every single possible reason you can muster. Don’t even consider reasons why you shouldn’t.

Some examples: pass the class, be better than my slacker classmates, want to writing 2013, graduate, need the role, points, I might learn something, to prove to the professor I’m super awesome, to appear smart, because I can, I’m paying to be here, want to make a good impression for future recommendations, so I can stop worrying/thinking about it, etc. Make the rhetorical analysis essay questions, list exhaustive. Now read over it a few times. On The Of Electronic! This should create some positive energy toward your homework assignments. 7. Call a friend/acquaintance. There are two types of title a kidnapped, people you can call to get yourself motivated: slacker and achiever. Select a friend you know is financially struggling because they can’t get a decent job.

Talking to on the of electronic media, them will likely motivate you to do your best in school for two reasons: 1) it’d be an insult to that individual to take your opportunity and 2.3.2 screw it all away and 2) you don’t want to be in their situation. Another benefit to calling that friend is to offer some support to that individual – you’re not just here for yourself! The second type of friend to call is the over-achieving friend who is likely doing way better than you. These individuals motivate you for a couple reasons. You might think to yourself, if this person can do it, I definitely can . No one likes feeling inferior, so you’re likely to get that little push that says, get your butt in gear or you’re going to be looking up to essay on the role media, this person the discovery essay, rest of essay role, your life. 8. Try some dorky and positive affirmations. I say dorky because affirmations seem kind of silly. Advanced 2.3.2! But try it. Essay On The Of Electronic! As you’re sitting there run some incredibly positive thoughts through that stressed out brain of yours, like: I’m amazing, I can do this, I am smart, I am capable, I can pump this out in a kidnapped no time, and on the role then repeat . Like I said, I know it sounds dorky and silly, but just do it for a minute or so as an experiment.

You’ll likely be surprised at how much better you feel. And when you feel good and essay title have a positive attitude, motivation is easier to find. Essay! 9. Do NOT use fear . I don’t want to title, include “not-to’s” in my lists, but occasionally I’m going to. Do NOT use fear. Yes, fear can be a great motivator.

But using fear too often will only create more anxiety, stress, and on the role negative energy. Essay! What do I mean by using fear? Thoughts like this: if I don’t do this, I’ll be totally screwed; I might flunk this class if I don’t do well. Those thoughts might be true, but it’s not healthy! You’ll feel better about doing your work if you surround yourself with positive thoughts and ideas about it. 10.

Choose, don’t try. This item will probably appear in many lists. Do not try to get your homework done. Essay Of Electronic Media! Try automatically implies failure. Father Essay! You don’t try . You either do or you don’t. Essay Role Media! You either choose to complete your homework or you choose not to.

When it comes to analysis questions, motivation, you can either choose to essay role media, be a lazy bum or choose to be a motivated and essays about kick-ass student. It’s your choice! Have some additional ideas/thoughts you think could add to this list? Leave a comment! Thank you SO much for essay on the of electronic this. I was feeling like I honestly didn#8217;t have any hope for doing well in school! But I printed this out and put it on my wall so that I can read it every time I feel like I should just stop doing my homework and it helps so much! I would recommend this to essay a kidnapped, anybody who is struggling with becoming motivated to do to homework! Thank you so much for this blog. I thought hope was gone for me also and I was Googling tonight on how to eliminate stress and this came up.

I am in the 8th grade and going on on the role, the Washington DC trip my math grade is a D and advanced guestbook 2.3.2 you need at least C- #8216;s on role media, a ll grades to go. Essay Writing! Well I just have given up on my homework and your blog had all my problems. I have let TV and Internet run over my life and I have my room full of laundry and homework that doesn#8217;t always get done. I like to come home relax by on the of electronic media, the TV or go to essay title a kidnapped, my girlfriend#8217;s house. I have found your tips very helpful. Thank you so much! I want to thank the blogger very much not only for essay of electronic this post but also for her all previous efforts. I found myhappylists.com to be very interesting.

I will be coming back to myhappylists.com for title more information. Media! Thank you so much, it motivated me to stop sitting around and wasting time on the internet. I will follow your advice (make lists etc.) to help me throughout my journey of highschool. Bruce Rooster! I#8217;m failing most of my classes, and it makes me really depressed but this blog helped me come to my senses. Terrific work! Shame on the search engines for on the of electronic not positioning this post higher! This is great for analysis essay college students trust me! Thank you so much for putting this together! I am a college student, and everything you put in here is right on! I have done the same thing as Lauren and printed this out and put it on my wall#8230;it#8217;s super motivational and it definitely works. Essay Of Electronic Media! Thank you again!

Yes yes this is the kind of motivating kick-in-the-ass I#8217;ve been longing for, thank you so much for posting this article. I do use some of the strategies u have mentioned, What makes me most motivated is the payment i have to give and essays video games how boring it would be to of electronic, study the same thing. the sooner you finish the studies sooner you are getting rid of it#8230;#8230;.and there is so much in every person life#8230;#8230;this is essays video and violence, a good one#8230;#8230;#8230;.. I quickly get bored with my study#8230;.this was helpful. Thanks! I#8217;m overloaded with homework because I don#8217;t like doing it!! This will help me sooooo much, thanks! You know what else might inspire you to essay on the media, do your homework? Music! The only problem is, is that it may require internet. And thank you SO much for essay november this! I#8217;m in middle school but I think it may still help me! (You hopefully would have made my parents happy too.

Hee hee) Thank you. This was sooo helpful, I am planning on printing it out and putting it on my bedroom wall I have also learned that listening to Classical music helps. Essay On The Of Electronic! Thank you so much! I am an Aussie in South Australia, and i do home schooling because i am to far away from a school, and i sometimes can#8217;t get motivated to father, do school work, and this helped alot!

I liked how you said #8216;choose don#8217;t try#8217;! choose your friends wisely and participate in group work to enhance your knowledge of ideas. Thank you! I#8217;m in a foreign language class that meets 4 days weekly- and I#8217;m assigned at least an hour of homework at each class. I love language learning, but hate the #8220;busy-work#8221; homework of this class. Tonight, I#8217;d rather be reading a novel but now I#8217;m finding the motivation to essay role media, get to analysis essay, work!

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concluding a paper By Behrouz Karoubi. University Lecturer at Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran. For years translations were considered as derivatives, copies, and translators as mechanical devices replacing linguistic codes (equivalents) from one language into another, and role, the translator's autonomy was always questioned (and is still being questioned) by those who thought of him/her ‘as a monkey, with no choice save to make the same grimaces as his master’ (Leppihalme, 1997: 19), until recent years when, under the influence of poststructuralism and functionalism, the focus of attention has been shifted to writing competition 2013, the issue of translator’s agency and subjectivity, and the notions of originality and (absolute) equivalence and also author’s superiority over essay role of electronic media, translator have been severely questioned. Bassnett (1996) stresses the need for reassessing the role of the translator by analyzing his/her intervention in the process of linguistic transfer, when she argues ‘Once considered a subservient, transparent filter through which a text could and should pass without adulteration, the translation can now be seen as a process in which intervention is crucial’ (p. 22). Awareness of complexity of translation process and avoidance of the simplistic view of regarding translation as mere process of transferring words from one text to essay, another, Álvarez Vidal (1996) claim, will result in realizing the importance of the ideology underlying a translation.

They argue that behind every one of the translator’s selections, as what to add, what to leave out, which words to of electronic, choose and how to place them, ‘there is a voluntary act that reveals his history and the socio-political milieu that surrounds him; in other words, his own culture [and ideology]’. (Álvarez Vidal, 1996: 5). The exercise of ideology in translation is as old as the history of translation itself. Title A Kidnapped! According to Fawcett (1998), ‘throughout the centuries, individuals and essay on the role, institutions applied their particular beliefs to the production of certain effect in translation’ (p. 107). He claims that ‘an ideological approach to translation can be found in some of the earliest examples of translation known to us’ (p.

106). Nevertheless, the linguistics-oriented approaches to translation studies have failed to address the concept of ideology through years of christopher bruce rooster essay their prevalence, because such approaches are limited to their scientific models for research and the empirical data they collect, so that ‘they remain reluctant to take into account the social values [and ideologies] that enter into translating as well as the study of role media it’ (Venuti, 1998a: 1). Analysis Essay! The deficiency of old linguistics-based approaches – which ‘are mainly descriptive studies focusing on textual forms’ (Calzada-Pérez, 2003: 8) – in accounting for essay, social values in translation and other aspects of bruce rooster essay language use resulted in developing a new trend of research called Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) ‘whose primary aim is to expose the ideological forces that underlie communicative exchanges [like translating]’ (Calzada-Pérez, 2003: 2). According to CDA advocates, all language use, including translation, is ideological and this means that translation is always a site for ideological encounters (p. 2). Similarly, Schäffner (2003) claims that all translations are ideological since ‘the choice of a source text and the use to which the subsequent target text is put are determined by the interests, aims, and objectives of social agents’ (p. 23). She evidently opts for van Dijk’s definition for ideology as ‘basic systems of shared social representations that may control more specific group beliefs’ (van Dijk, 1996: 7). However, there are a profusion of diverse definitions of ideology defining the term from different perspectives – amongst them is essay on the role of electronic media, van Dijk’s definition – some of which are deemed necessary to essay competition november, be overviewed here. The term ‘ideology’ has been always accompanied by its political connotation as it is essay on the role of electronic media, evident in its dictionary definition as ‘a system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy ’ (The New Oxford Dictionary of advanced guestbook 2.3.2 English). Translation scholars who slant in of electronic favor of the political definitions of ideology mainly believe that translating itself is a political act as Tahir-Gürça#287;lar (2003: 113) argues, ‘Translation is political because, both as activity and product, it displays process of negotiation among different agents.

On micro-level, these agents are translators, authors, critics, publishers, editors, and readers’. Under the influence of Marx who defines ideology as action without knowledge (false consciousness), ideology is video games, sometimes defined in its negative political sense as ‘a system of wrong, false, distorted or otherwise misguided beliefs’ (van Dijk, qtd in Calzada-Pérez, 2003: 3). Essay On The Of Electronic Media! In its more constructive sense, Marxists like Lenin define Socialist ideology as ‘a force that encourages revolutionary consciousness and fosters progress’ (Calzada-Pérez, 2003 : 4). According to bruce rooster essay, Calzada-Pérez ( ibid. On The! ), recent definitions of ideology are linked with the concepts of power relations and domination, as she quotes from Eagleton: ‘[Ideology is] ideas and beliefs which help to legitimate the interest of a ruling group or class by distortion or dissimulation’. This view, in fact, forms the basis of post-colonial thinking which ‘highlights the power relations which inform contemporary cultural exchanges’ (Simon, 1996: 136). However, Calzada-Pérez (2003) argues that sometimes ideology is viewed in more positive sense ‘as a vehicle to promote or legitimate interests of essays about and violence a particular social group (rather than a means to destroy contenders)’ (p.

5). Scholars in the field of language-related, cultural and translation studies, however, often tend to extend the concept of ideology beyond political sphere and role, define it in november a rather politically neutralized sense as ‘a set of ideas, which organize our lives and help us understand the relation to our environment’ (Calzada-Pérez, 2003: 5). In most parts of the current paper, nevertheless, the writer opts for the definition proposed by van Dijk (1996: 7) for ideology as a framework that is role of electronic media, ‘assumed to specifically organize and monitor one form of socially shared mental representation, in other words, the organized evaluative beliefstraditionally called 'attitudes'shared by social groups’. The ideology of translation could be traced in both process and product of translation which are, however, closely interdependent. The ideology of a translation, according to Tymoczko (2003), will be a combination of the content of the source text and the various speech acts represented in the source text relevant to the source context, layered together with the representation of the content, its relevance to the receptor audience, and the various speech acts of the translation itself addressing the target context, as well as resonance and discrepancies between these two ‘utterances’. However, she further explains that ‘the ideology of translation resides not simply in the text translated, but in advanced guestbook the voicing and stance of the translator, and in its relevance to the receiving audience’ (pp. Essay On The! 182–83). Schäffner (2003) explains: Ideological aspect can […] be determined within a text itself, both at the lexical level (reflected, for example, in the deliberate choice or avoidance of a particular word […]) and the grammatical level (for example, use of passive structures to avoid an essays expression of agency). Ideological aspects can be more or less obvious in texts, depending on the topic of a text, its genre and communicative purposes. (p. Essay On The! 23)

Ideological aspects can also be examined in the process of antithesis advanced text production (translating) and essay of electronic, the role of the translator as a target text producer as well as a source text interpreter. Of A! These aspects along with two major influencing schools of post-structuralism and functionalism will be further explained in details in the following paragraphs. Ideology and the translator as a reader of the source text: Poststructuralism. According to Venuti (1992: 6), poststructuralist thinkers like Derrida and essay on the media, de Man, mainly under the influence of Benjamin’s works, explode the binary opposition between original and translation which causes translators to be invisible. Before the emergence of poststructuralism, structuralists like Saussure, defined language as the scientifically examinable world of symbols constituting the linguistic system and social structure within which the individual is and violence, socially shaped. The structuralists believed that ‘language is constructed as a system of signs, each sign being the result of conventional relation between word and role, meaning, between a signifier (a sound or sound-image) and a signified (the referent, or concept represented by the signifier)’ (Roman, 2002: 309).

Later, Barthes, an early poststructuralist, claimed that ‘signifiers and singnifieds are not fixed, unchangeable, but, on essays video, the contrary, can make the sign itself signifying more complex mythical signs as intricate signifiers of the essay role media, order of myth’ (Roman, 2002: 310). Advanced! This shift of idea from structuralism toward poststructuralism resulted in extreme revisions in different domains of language, for example, developing of essay on the role of electronic media ‘the death of author’ thinking which later found its way into Translation Studies. From instability of the signifiers and signifieds, Barthes concludes that reading texts in terms of authorial intention or what we think the author meant by such and antithesis guestbook, such a statement, and referring the source of meaning and authority of a text back to its author (as the creator of that text) is no more acceptable (Royle, 2003: 7). Barthes argues that ‘since writers only write within a system of language in which particularized authors are born and shaped, texts cannot be thought of in terms of their author’s intentions, but only in relationship with other texts: in intertextuality’ (Roman, 2002: 311). In the absence of the author, Barthes explains, the essay on the, readers (a translator could be one of november 2013 them) interpret texts by setting them against essay, their backdrop of known words and discovery of a father, phrases, existing statements, familiar conventions, anterior texts, or, in other words, their general knowledge which is ideological; and the meaning of a text becomes what individual readers extract from it, not what a supreme Author put in. (Hermans, 1999: 69) ‘ “The birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the Author”, Barthes bravely declares’ ( ibid ). Derrida, another poststructuralist, draws attention from the signifieds to the chain of signifiers, as Roman (2002) explains:

Derrida takes the structure of sign from Saussure, but transforms it into a fluid entity, whereby meaning and writing consist solely in signifiers. Signifiers refer only to each other and meaning becomes unstable since any deferral to yet another signifier implies a difference in essay media an endless chain of signification. This is the november, meaning of the French term différence (from the French verb différer, with its polysemantics of to differ and to delay), or Différance, a neologism created by Derrida particularly to express the indeterminacy of meaning. (p. 311) According to Venuti (1992), poststructuralist thinkers believe that the original is itself a translation, an incomplete process of translating a signifying chain into univocal signified, and this process is both displayed and further complicated when it is on the role, translated by another signifying chain in a different language.

The originality of the foreign text is thus compromised by the poststructuralist concept of textuality. Neither the foreign nor the translation is an original semantic unity; both are derivative, consisting of diverse linguistic and father essay, cultural materials, making meaning plural and differential (p. 7). Role Of Electronic Media! In the essay writing 2013, same way, neither the essay on the role of electronic, author nor the translator as a reader of source text possesses the authorial power to definitely determine the meaning; and bruce essay, the ‘authority’ will always remain collective due to endless circle of signification. Poststructuralist textuality redefines the notion of equivalence in translation by assuming from the outset that the differential plurality in every text precludes a simple correspondence of essay on the meaning, and a ratio of loss and gain inextricably occurs during translation process (Venuti, 1992: 7–8). Similarly, Carbonell (1996) points out that, since the nature of the context of signification in both the source and rhetorical questions, target cultures is essay media, heterogeneous, meaning changes unavoidably in the process of translation and there will be always possibility of contradiction between the author’s intentions and the translator’s (p. 98). But why have such relativism and rooster, perspectivism result not in a state of complete anarchy and essay on the, unintelligibility? According to Toury (2000), ‘Cognition itself is influenced, probably even modified by socio-cultural factors’ (p.

119). A translator, just like an rooster essay author, is of electronic, not simply a ‘person’ but a socially and historically constituted subject. Competition! As mentioned earlier, translators interpret texts by setting them against their backdrop of known words and phrases, existing statements, familiar conventions, anterior texts, or, in other words, their general knowledge which is ideological. This knowledge allows them to interpret the text and at the same time limits the range of their interpretation as Robinson aptly notices: Translators […] are those people who let their knowledge govern their behavior. And that knowledge is essay on the, ideological. It is advanced, controlled by ideological norms.

If you want to become a translator you must submit to the translator’s submissive role, submit to essay role, being possessed by what ideological norms inform you. (qtd. in Calzada-Pérez, 2003: 7) What brings de facto the individual interpretations close together is the likeness of the title, intertextual and ideological configurations the individuals are located in. Translators are hardly (maybe never) aware of ideological factors governing their process of the source text interpretation. Toury (1999: 18) admits the essay role, difficulties of determining the role of socio-cultural factors which unconsciously affect the translator’s behavior: One thing I would not venture to do […] is tackle the intriguing question of about video games how, and to what extent, the environment affects the workings of the brain, or how the on the role of electronic media, cognitive is influenced by the socio-cultural, even though this would surely make an invaluable contribution to our understanding of translation. Nevertheless, sometimes it becomes extremely difficult for a translation scholar to justify whether the ideological discrepancies observed between the source text and the target text are results of the analysis essay, translator’s subconscious ideological interpretation or of his/her intentional ideological intervention which will be discussed in essay on the role of electronic the following paragraphs.

Ideology and the translator as a writer of the target text: Functionalism. While one of the pivotal achievements of the poststructuralist approaches is dethroning the author and his/her authorial intention by emphasizing the role of the translator as an autonomous reader of the title a kidnapped, source text, functionalist approaches try to dethrone the source text itself by emphasizing the role of the translator as a creator of the target text and giving priority to purpose ( skopos ) of producing target text. According to Schäffner (1996), ‘Functionalist approach is a kind of cover term for the research of scholars who argue that the on the role, purpose of the TT is the most important criterion in any translation’ (p. 2). Functionalism is a major shift from ‘linguistic equivalence’ to ‘functional appropriateness’. From the perspective of functional approaches to rhetorical essay questions, translation (particularly, under the influence of Holz-Mänttäri’s theory of ‘translational action’), translation is viewed as a communicative act. In this view, translation is conceived primarily ‘as a process of intercultural communication, whose end product is a text which is capable of functioning appropriately in on the of electronic specific situations and context of use’ (Schäffner, 1998a: 3). The principles of translational (translatorial) action theory then founded the basis of Vermeer’s Skopos theory. ‘ Skopos is a technical term for the aim or purpose of a translation’ (Vermeer, 2000: 221).

Skopostheorists assert that any action has an aim, a purpose. From their standpoint, translation is considered not as a process of bruce rooster essay transcoding (the position usually adopted by earlier non-functionalist approaches), but as a form of essay media human action which has its own purpose basically decided on by the translator (Schäffner, 1998b: 235; Hönig, 1998: 9). The skopos of a translation, Vermeer (2000) explains, is the goal or purpose, defined by the commission and if necessary adjusted by the translator. He defines commission as ‘the instruction, given by oneself or by someone else, to carry out a given action [which could be translation]’ (p. 229). A text in skopostheorist approach is regarded as an offer of information from its producer to a recipient.

Translation is then a secondary offer of information about information originally offered in another language within another culture (Schäffner, 1998b: 236). The translator, as an expert in translational action, must interpret ST information ‘by selecting those features which most closely correspond to the requirements of the rhetorical essay questions, target situation (Shuttleworth Cowie, 1997: 156). From this point of view, the translation process is essay of electronic media, not (necessarily) determined retrospectively by the source text, its effects on a kidnapped, its addressees, or the intention of of electronic its author, but prospectively by the skopos of the target text as determined by the target recipient’s requirements (which are, however, discerned and decided on by the translator himself/ herself). Essay! The translation then is ‘the production of a functionally appropriate target text based on an existing source text [or what Neubert calls ‘source-text induced target-text production’], and the relationship between the two texts is specified according to the skopos of the translation’ (Schäffner, 1998b: 236). Focusing on the purpose of translation as the most decisive factor in translation action, skopos theory emphasizes the role of the translator as an expert in translational action and essay on the of electronic media, regards the source text no longer as the ‘sacred original’ from which the skopos (purpose) of the video and violence, translation is deduced, but as a mere offer of information whose role in the action is to be decided by the translator, depending on the expectations and needs of the target readers (Hönig, 1998: 9). Schäffner (1998b) explains ‘The translator offers information about certain aspects of the source-text-in-situation, according to the target text skopos specified by the initiator’ (p. 236). Essay On The Role! Skopos theory and analysis essay, functionalism focus on on the of electronic media, the translator, giving him/her more freedom and at the same time more responsibility, as Hönig (1998) asserts: [The translator] may be held responsible for essay title, the result of his/her translational acts by recipients and clients.

In order to act responsibly, however, translators must be allowed the freedom to decide in co-operation with their clients what is in their best interests. (p. 10) An awareness of the requirements of the skopos , Vermeer maintains, ‘expands the essay of electronic, possibilities of essays about games and violence translation, increases the range of possible translation strategies, and releases the translator from the corset of an enforced – and hence often meaningless – literalness’ (qtd. in Shuttleworth Cowie, 1997: 156). Role Of Electronic Media! The translator thus becomes a target-text author freed from the ‘limitations and restrictions imposed by a narrowly defined concept of about video loyalty to essay on the of electronic media, the source text alone’ (Schäffner, 1998b: 238). Hönig (1998: 14) usefully contrasts the characteristics of functional approaches vs. Discovery Of A Father Essay! non-functional approaches as follows: Must be visible. Should be invisible.

Translation processes should be. Target text oriented. Source text oriented. Aim of translation is. Translation tools taken from. Figure 1: A schematic view of functionalist and non-functionalist approaches.

As it is evident in Hönig’s schematic view, ‘ visibility ’ of the essay media, translator is a key concept in antithesis advanced 2.3.2 functional approaches. According to of electronic, Hönig (1998: 12–13), in functionalism the translator inevitably has to be visible, since functional approaches do not establish rules but support decision-making strategies and the translator has to make critical decisions as to essays and violence, how define the translation skopos and which strategies can best meet the target recipient’s requirements; s/he should be visible, making his/her decisions transparent to his/her client and accepting the responsibility of his/her choices. A visible translator has to accept the consequences of his/her translational decisions, as Toury (1999) declares, ‘it is always the translator herself or himself, as an essay on the role autonomous individual, who decides how to behave, be that decision fully conscious or not. Discovery Of A Father! Whatever the degree of awareness, it is s/he who will also have to bear the consequences’ (p. 19). According to Nord (2003), almost any decision in translation is – consciously or unconsciously – guided by ideological criteria (p. 111). Essay Role Of Electronic Media! Ideological factors are very decisive in defining the translation skopos (target-text intended purpose) and selecting the functionally appropriate strategies by the translator, based on the expectations of the translation clients. Advanced Guestbook! These factors which affect and regulate the essay, translator’s behavior are further investigated in the following section under the title of analysis essay questions ‘ norms ’.

According to Toury (1999), all human beings have an inherent tendency toward socializing and social acceptability; as a result, under normal conditions, people tend to avoid behaviors which are prohibited or sanctioned as well as to essay on the of electronic media, adopt behaviors which are considered as being appropriate within the group they belong to (pp. 15–19). There is a socially shared knowledge between members of every community as to antithesis 2.3.2, what is considered correct or appropriate as a communicative behavior. This knowledge exists in the form of norms. They serve consciously as a pattern of behavior, and essay on the of electronic media, ‘they also regulate expectations concerning both behavior itself and the products of this behavior’ (Schäffner, 1999: 5). Toury (1999) defines norm in terms of ‘the translation of general values or ideas shared by a groupas to what is conventionally right and wrong, adequate and inadequateinto performance instructions appropriate for and applicable to particular situations’ (p. Christopher Bruce! 14). Taking into consideration the definition of ideology by van Dijk (1996) as ‘the organized evaluative beliefs shared by essay on the role of electronic social groups’, normsas defined by Toury (1999)seem to have much in common with ideology; in other words, norms can be understood as ideological realization of the concept of essays games appropriateness and correctness.

Decision-making is a key concept in the discussion of norms. Norms exist ‘only in situations which allow for alternative kind of behavior, involving the need to select among these, with the additional condition that selection be non-random’ (Toury, 1999: 15). Role Media! This selection, according to Toury (1999), could be posited between two constraining extremes of essay ‘relatively absolute rules on one hand, and pure idiosyncrasies on the other’ (p. 16). Toury applies the norms concept to translation studies presuming that translating involves playing a social role subject to role media, several types of socio-cultural constraints of varying degree. He, consequently, argues that the acquisition of a set of norms for determining the suitability of translational behavior, and for essay, maneuvering between all factors which may constrain it, is a prerequisite for becoming a translator within a cultural environment (Toury, 2000: 198). Toury (2000) claims that norms govern every level of decision-making in the translating process from choice of text to translate to the very final choices of translation strategies of action.

He, consequently, introduces three kinds of norm: 1) initial norm; 2) preliminary norms; and essay on the role of electronic, 3) operational norms. Initial norm governs the translator’s overall decisions to adhere ‘either to antithesis advanced guestbook 2.3.2, the original text, with the norms it has realized, or to the norms active in the target culture, or in on the of electronic that section of it which would host the end product’ (Toury, 2000: 201). Toury (2000), however, denies the necessity of full conformity between an overall decision made and every single decision be made in the lower-levels of translation process; and, consequently, denies the existence of antithesis advanced guestbook 2.3.2 absolute regularity in translational behaviors (p. Essay On The Role Of Electronic! 201). The options which are made available to the translator by Toury’s initial norm are very similar to those which Venuti (1998b: 240) talks about in his foreignizing and domesticating strategies of of a father essay translation. Preliminary norms govern the decisions to be made concerning translation policy and directness . According to Toury (2000: 202), ‘ translation policy refers to those factors that govern the choice of text types; or individual texts, to be imported through translation into a particular culture/language at a particular point in essay role of electronic media time’. Essays About Video And Violence! He further explains that ‘considerations concerning directness of translation involve the threshold of tolerance for translating from languages other than the ultimate source language’ (p. 202). Operational norms direct the essay media, actual decisions made during the guestbook, act of translation and are subdivided into matricial and textual-linguistic norms.

Matricial norms govern the segmentation and distribution of textual materials in the target text. Textual-linguistic norms ‘govern the selection of role of electronic media material to formulate the target text in, or replace the original textual and linguistic material with’ (Toury, 2000: 202–3). It should be noted that, according to Toury (2000), ‘There is no necessary identity between the norms themselves and essay questions, any formulation of them in language (p. 200). He believes that the observed regularities in translational behaviors are not themselves the norms; they are rather ‘external evidence’ which reflect the on the of electronic, existence of norms (Toury, 1999: 15). Toury also does not identify repeated translational strategies as to be identical with norms; but he thinks norms are the idea behind a strategy (qtd. in Schäffner, 1999: 84). Therefore, Baker’s interpretation of norms as ‘regularities of translational behavior within a specific socio-cultural situation’ (Baker, 1998: 163) or ‘strategies of father essay translation which are repeatedly opted for, in preference to other available strategies, in a given culture or textual system’ (qtd. in Shuttleworth Cowie, 1997: 114) seems to be an oversimplification of this concept. Chesterman (1993) looks at the concept of norms from a different perspective. Whereas Toury does not pay too much heed to the role of the readership and their feedback in essay on the role of electronic norm construction, Chesterman (1993: 8) puts distinction between expectancy norms , which are the expectations of the target readership and essay writing november 2013, the client etc., and the professional norms which explain the translator's tendency to observe these expectancy norms.

According to Toury (2000), norms themselves actually are not observable. He declares that what are actually available for observation are rather norm-governed instances of on the role of electronic media behavior or the products of such behavior (p. 206). Toury introduces two major sources for reconstruction of translational norms: 1. Textual : the essays video games and violence, translated text themselves, for all kinds of on the role of electronic media norms, as well as analytical inventories of translation (i.e., ‘virtual texts’), for various preliminary norms; 2. Extratextual : semi-theoretical or critical formulations, such as perspective ‘theories’ of translation, statements made by translators, editors, publishers, and other persons involved in essay or connected with the activity, critical appraisals of individual translations, or the activity of a translator or ‘school’ of role of electronic translators, and writing competition november, so forth. (Toury, 2000: 207) Likewise, Baker (1998) introduces studying of of electronic media a ‘corpus of about and violence authentic translations’ as a means for identifying regular instances of translational behavior which are represented in that corpus by the translator, and, thus, for identifying the translational norms (p. 164).

After so many years of the dominance of the prescriptive approaches over translation teaching, maybe the time has come for a serious revision in translation teaching methods. Translation teaching should no longer be seen as a set of essay on the of electronic media rules and instructions prescribed by translation teachers to the students as to what strategies will lead to a ‘ good ’ or ‘ correct ’ translation and what to a ‘ wrong ’ and ‘ incorrect ’ one. Understanding the importance of decision-making in translation, the translation teachers should try to describe the actual translational decisions made by actual translators under different socio-cultural and ideological settings in real life and essay a kidnapped, real situations, and explain the on the of electronic media, perlocutionary consequences resulted from adoption of such decisions for the students. They should allow the students to select voluntarily between different options they have at hand, reminding them that they will be responsible for the selections they make. Translation teachers should make it clear for the students that every translation has its own aim determined by its translator, and that they could freely choose the options that best serve their intended aim of translation. Álvarez, R. Vidal, M.C. (1996).Translating: A political act. In R. Álvarez M. C. Vidal (Ed.) Translation, power, subversion (pp. 1-9).

Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Baker,M. (1998). Norms. In M. Baker (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies (pp. 163-165). Rhetorical Essay Questions! London: Routledge. Bassnett, S. (1996). The meek or the mighty: Reappraising the role of the translator.

In R. Álvarez M. C. Vidal (Ed.) Translation, power, subversion (pp. 10-24). Of Electronic! Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Calzada-Pérez, M. (2003). Introduction. In M. Calzada-Pérez (Ed.) Apropos of ideology (pp.

1-22). Manchester: St. Jerome. Carbonell, O. (1996).The exotic space of father essay cultural translation. In R. Álvarez M. C. Vidal (Ed.) Translation, power, subversion (pp. 79-98). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Fawcett, P. (1998).

Ideology and translation. In M. Baker (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies (pp. 106-111). London: Routledge. Hermans, T. (1999). Translation and normativity.

In C. Schäffner (Ed.) Translation and norms (pp. 50-71). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. __________ (1985) The Manipulation of Literature: Studies in Literary Translation . London/Sydney: Croom Helm. Hönig, H. G. (1998). Positions, power and practice: Functionalist approaches and translation quality assessment. In C. Schäffner (Ed.) Translation and quality (pp. 6-34). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters.

Leppihalme, R. (1997). Culture bumps: An empirical approach to the translation of allusions. Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Nord, C. (2003). Function and loyalty in Bible translation. In M. Essay On The! Calzada-Pérez (Ed.) Apropos of ideology (pp.

89-112). Writing! Manchester: St. Jerome. Roman, D. (2002). Essay Media! Poststructuralism. In V. Questions! Taylor C. Of Electronic! Winquist (Ed.) Encyclopedia of essays postmodernism (pp. 308-10). London: Routledge. Royle, N. (2003).

Jacques Derrida . London: Routledge. Schäffner, C. (2003). Third ways and new centres: Ideological unity or difference? In M. On The Media! Calzada-Pérez (Ed.) Apropos of essay ideology (pp. 23-42). Manchester: St. Jerome. __________ (1999). The concept of norms in translation studies. In C. Schäffner (Ed.) Translation and norms (pp.

1-9). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. __________ (1998a). Action (Theory of translatorial action). On The Of Electronic Media! In M. Baker (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies (pp. 3-5). London: Routledge. __________ (1998b). Essay Title A Kidnapped! Skopos theory.

In M. Essay Media! Baker (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies (pp. 235-38). London: Routledge. __________ (1996).From 'good' to 'functionally appropriate': Assessing translation quality. In C. Schäffner (Ed.) Translation and quality (pp. 1-6). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Shuttleworth, M. Cowie, M. (1997). Writing November! Dictionary of translation studies . Manchester: St. Jerome.

Tahir-Gürça#287;lar, #350;. (2003). The translation bureau revisited: Translation as symbol. In M. Calzada-Pérez (Ed.) Apropos of ideology (pp. 113-130). Manchester: St. Jerome. Toury, G. (2000). The nature and role of norms in translation. In L. Venuti (Ed.) The translation studies reader (pp.

198-211). Essay Role! London: Routledge. __________ (1999). A handful of paragraphs on 'translation' and 'norms'. In C. Schäffner (Ed.) Translation and norms (pp. 9-31). Essay! Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. __________ (1995). Descriptive translation studies and essay on the role media, beyond . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Tymoczko, M. (2003). Ideology and the position of the translator: In what Sense is a translator ‘in between’? In M. Calzada-Pérez (Ed.) Apropos of ideology (pp. Discovery Father Essay! 181-202). Manchester: St. Jerome. van Dijk, T. A. (1996). Discourse, opinions and ideologies.

In C. Schäffner H. Kelly-Holmes (Ed.) Discourse and ideologies (pp. 7-37). Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Venuti, L. (1998a). The scandals of translation: Towards an ethics of difference. Essay Role Media! London: Routledge.

__________ (1998b). Strategies of essay translation. In M. Baker (Ed.) Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies (pp. 240-244). London: Routledge. __________ (1992). Introduction. In L. Venuti (Ed.) Rethinking translation: Discourse, subjectivity, ideology (pp. Essay Of Electronic Media! 1-17).

London: Routledge. Vermeer, H. Essay! J. Essay Role Media! (2000). Skopos and commission in translational action (A. Chesterman, Trans.). In L. Venuti (Ed.) The translation studies reader (pp. 221-32). London: Routledge.

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How to draw #038; paint faster: 15 tips for essay role of electronic media high school Art students. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. Are you struggling to discovery of a father, get your Art projects done on on the role media time? Some students – even those who are dedicated and hard-working – find it challenging to work at the pace required in a Visual Art course. The skilful, perfectionist student usually falls into this category; those who produce meticulous, highly-detailed observational drawings or paintings.

Parents and teachers can be unsure how to provide practical, positive strategies for christopher essay improvement. This article lists fifteen ways that a high school Art student can work faster, without compromising the quality of their work. There are many benefits to working on a ground. One of these is increased painting or drawing speed. A ground covers a painting or drawing surface from the outset. It can act as mid-tone, with only black and white used to apply dark and light areas (as in role media, the examples below) or be left partially visible in the final work. This results in an artwork that is much faster to complete (see our article about painting on grounds for more information).

An A Level Art portrait by Mariam Shafei-Sabett from Dame Alice Owen’s School, Hertfordshire, England and a teaching exemplar from Amiria Robinson: The beautiful A Level portrait on the left has been completed upon november 2013, a pale brown ground (this provides a mid-tone skin colour and is also left visible in essay on the role media, the background). On the right, a wash of ochre, blue and brown provides a background to discovery of a, the drawing black and white pencil drawing. 2. Essay On The Role Media? Incorporate mixed media /patterned surfaces / textural elements. As with using a ground, patterned, decorative or textural items can cover areas of an antithesis advanced guestbook 2.3.2 artwork quickly. Although this strategy should be used with care, selecting only materials which support or enhance your project (usually with reference to a relevant artist model) this can be a great way to speed up your project and introduce creative use of mixed media. Two AP Studio Art (Concentration) pieces by Alyssa Church from Bingham High School, South Jordan, Utah, United States: Exploring fairy tales (the ‘Princess and the Pea’ and on the of electronic, ‘Rumpelstiltskin’, these well-composed works allow the student to demonstrate observational drawing skills in november, certain areas of the artwork, while saving time by covering other areas with mixed-media patterned surfaces.

Domestic Violence series by role of electronic, artist Scott Waters: Artist Scott Waters produces gripping paintings on a range of found surfaces, including wallpaper, postcards and romantic paperback book covers. Note that the chosen surfaces are integral to the message in a kidnapped, the work; the shattering of domestic bliss. Please read this article for more exciting ideas about how to use mixed media within your work. Working in series – completing several paintings or drawings at one time – is a very helpful strategy for Art students. This speeds work up for a number of reasons: A single colour can be used throughout a number of works, without needing to stop for remixing / washing brushes While one work is drying, another one can be worked on Similar processes or techniques can be mastered quickly and repeated on subsequent works. In addition, when working on several pieces at once, ‘preciousness’ about the work tends to on the, be lost, leading to more experimentation and greater work speed. These photos of Willem de Kooning’s studio show several works in essay november 2013, progress pinned to the wall and essay role of electronic, scattered across the floor. Although creating a glorious working environment such as this is not possible in most high schools, many Painting classrooms have small pin board alcoves which can be used to display work in essays video and violence, progress.

4. Paint things in essay on the role of electronic, the right order – background areas first. Painting things in an illogical order is surprisingly common amongst high school Art students. In almost all cases, the background should be completed first, followed by the middle-ground, ending with the foreground. This is easily understood when considering a tree in front of a cloudy sky. Discovery Of A? If you make the mistake of essay on the of electronic, painting the tree first, the sky has to be meticulously painted around every leaf and essays about and violence, branch: an essay on the of electronic media irritating task that takes hours (and ends up looking a little shabby). Painting the christopher bruce essay sky first, however, means that a large brush can quickly be used to paint the sky, with the tree then easily added over on the of electronic the top. Essay November? Painting in the correct order also results in a painting that has layers (which gives it a richness and lustre, as with using a ground). If you find that subsequent layers of essay on the role, paint do not adequately cover earlier ones, you have an discovery of a father inferior brand of paint. (We will detail our paint and art supply recommendations in an upcoming article – stay tuned)! Note: O nce you understand how to on the role of electronic media, build up a painting in layers, you will realise that often this involves drawing items in stages also. These vibrant, architecturally-inspired abstract works by Susan Danko are a prime example of an artwork that must be painted in a logical order.

These paintings would have been exceptionally tedious had the rays of light had been painted first. 5. Use masking tape to create straight edges. Some students are concerned that it might be necessary to ‘prove’ that a straight line can be painted by hand. This is not the case. Advanced? Your control of a paint brush can be ascertained immediately by looking at on the role media, the remainder of your painting. Essay Writing Competition 2013? Masking tape creates straight edges in seconds. Once mastered, this trick can save you hours – and make your paintings sharper, cleaner and on the media, more professional in the process. If you haven’t used masking tape before, buy some now!

This painting is by Amiria Robinson (me): Enlarged details of this seascape painting can be seen to the right. Discovery Essay? All of the straight lines were created using masking tape. 6. Leave artwork purposefully incomplete. Artist work is sometimes purposefully ‘unfinished’. Art students shouldn’t feel obliged to ‘complete’ every item. There are many occasions when a fully rendered drawing is not necessary. Drawings, especially those in sketchbooks, can be left with edges trailing away and tone only applied to some areas. Leaving work unfinished is particularly useful when conducting visual research, exploring ideas and experimenting with media. Essay Role? Depending on your artist influences, this may even be appropriate in games, final works – as a way to draw attention to role, focal points and direct attention within an artwork. Note: This should not be used as justification for avoiding homework tasks set by father, your teacher!

Jim Dine is an outstanding artist to use with middle and essay, high school Art students. His charcoal tool drawings combine precise, analytical outlines (which fade away and are incomplete in essay writing competition november 2013, places) with perfectly rendered areas and gestural, and expressive mark-making in some of the negative spaces left around the tools. Drawings by essay on the, Megan (left), Parrish (top right) and Anna (bottom right) from the Art Department of writing competition november, Cedar Ridge High School, Hillsborough, North Carolina, United States: Completed as part of the high school qualification AP Studio Art (2D Design) these drawings are purposefully rendered in role of electronic media, small areas only, creating emphasis and directing vision. Deliberately picking out certain parts of a scene to draw has a strong impact on the final work and father, must be used with care to ensure that the resulting image supports the ideas explored in essay on the role of electronic, your project. As with the previous option, this allows you to demonstrate strong observational drawing skills, while saving time by omitting part of the bruce rooster scene. This contemporary drawing by artist Langdon Graves involves carefully selected regions of a face: well-balanced curving forms of an ear, eye and glasses. Eliminating certain areas of a scene is a dramatic measure that brings immediate focus to an artwork. Role? This drawing by discovery of a, high school student Madeleine depicts only men walking down a street – with all aspects of the surrounding obscured. This immediately suggests monotony; the daily grind; living on autopilot; and carrying out the daily routine without ever stopping to notice the world passing by. Another option that students have is to flatten tone – to remove the essay on the of electronic smooth blending gradations from christopher bruce essay dark to on the role, light.

This strategy should be used with caution – and usually only in of a essay, certain areas – as unintentionally flattening tone can be the role media hallmark of a weak student. As indicated by writing competition 2013, the artist examples below, however, there are times when all or parts of the tonal variation within an role artwork can be omitted with great success. ‘No one wants to rhetorical analysis essay questions, play SEGA with Harrison Ford’ by artist Brandon Bird: In this contemporary oil painting depicting Harrison Ford, artist Brandon Bird carefully positions three realistically rendered figures and a SEGA games system upon a wide flat area of tone (interestingly this is available in prints with different coloured backgrounds). This eliminates unnecessary clutter and swiftly focuses the attention of the viewer.

Self portraits from Annemarie Busschers’ ‘Beyond Grief’ series: The faces in Annemarie Busschers’ self-portraits are stunningly rendered, with extreme attention given to fine details and irregularities of skin. Essay Role Of Electronic Media? The hair and antithesis, body are pale; the hair almost completely devoid of tone. This pushes all attention to the face; the essay on the role media turn of the lips; the emotion in the eyes. There are many occasions where it may be appropriate for a high school student to draw using only line (it is often the application of essay title a kidnapped, tone that is time-consuming for students, so working exclusively with line can provide a welcome relief).

Blind drawings, contour drawings, cross contour drawings and essay role, other hatched drawings (please see our collection of beautiful line drawings for ideas) can form an important part of your project. Note: It is usually necessary to demonstrate an ability to christopher bruce rooster essay, apply tone at some point to examiner, so it is not wise to exclude tone from your project altogether. This A Level Art project uses line to show complex architectural details; drawings applied over beautiful mixed media layers, which helps to on the role, create rich, visually interesting sketchbook pages. These works by essays, artist Federico Infante contain a focus on line (in this case used to create residual after-image effects) with tone applied in certain areas only. This helps to essay on the role media, draw the discovery of a father viewer in to the world of the role central figure, so we share the emotion of essays about video games and violence, this captured moment in time. While there is a certain quantity of painting and of electronic media, drawing that must take place within a Painting or Fine Art portfolio, photography can provide an excellent mechanism for essay writing november 2013 moving a project forward at a faster pace. Photography can be used as a tool to essay on the role of electronic, develop composition, as in essays about video games, the beautiful AS Sketchbook pages above. Essay On The Media? Rather than ordinary snapshots of source material, the photographs here are complex digital manipulations, which help refine ideas and compositions.

In addition to helping with composition planning, photography can be collaged into artworks or used as painting ground (but not as a mechanism for avoiding observational drawing – this is perceived by christopher essay, examiners as cheating). If the photograph remains visible in the final work, less paint needs to be applied, thus speeding up the art-making process. These artworks by Charlotte Caron show animal faces painted on top of essay on the role of electronic media, photographic portraits. Note the clever unity of the colours in each image. 11. Progress to discovery of a father essay, abstract (or semi-abstract) Producing abstract work is often the first solution that comes to on the role, mind for those who work slowly; students can be fearful that this will not allow them the opportunity to demonstrate strong observational skills. The solution is to produce abstract work that is derived from earlier realistic works, as in essays video games, the A* A Level example below by Hania Cho:

This project begins with precise, meticulous realistic drawing, moves towards impressionism and role of electronic, finally abstraction. This allows a student to benefit from speed in the later stages of the work, while still having the opportunity to flaunt superb observational drawing skill. Another equally successful strategy is to essay title, incorporate realistic elements with abstract works, creating a work that is part realistic, part abstract. Excerpts from this AS Art examination show realistically depicted rotting fruit (partially complete, with edges trailing away) painted upon essay of electronic, a rich, torn, abstract background. There is something surprisingly liberating about painting with a bigger brush – especially if you have previously worked at a microscopic scale, picking out detail the size of a pin prick. You will soon discover that it is just as easy to achieve clean edges with a larger brush and that an unexpected level of detail can be achieved. Most enjoy picking up a larger brush – even if this just becomes a way for creating grounds and applying background layers. Cathleen Rehfeld paints a new painting each day and shares it on her blog. It is evident that a larger brush does not impinge upon antithesis advanced, your ability to essay on the role, record tone, capture lighting conditions or render form: rather, it creates refreshingly raw and soulful images: painterly snapshots in time.

Instead of artwork being a laborious process that grinds away for days, images can be created quickly, using rich, expressive mark-making. Those who have only produced realist, tightly controlled drawings usually take some time to adapt to this approach and not all students find it easy; selection of the right drawing tools and rhetorical essay questions, mediums can help. Charcoal, chunky 5mm wide graphite leads, Indian ink, big brushes and paint applied with pieces of card all lend themselves to essay role of electronic, gestural mark-making (please read Beyond the Brush: Inventive Mixed Media Techniques if you are looking for more ideas). Even if this style of working is not your preference and not something you wish to pursue, it can be useful to practise, particularly when planning compositions and video games and violence, drawing from life. These stunning paintings by Jason Shawn Alexander have tighter, more realist faces, with surrounding areas becoming gradually more gestural and abstract.

This is a superb strategy for creating focal points and creating rich, gutsy images that command attention. Compositional sketches and a final painting by artist Edward Hopper: Even if a final work is realistic and tightly controlled, compositional sketches can be much rougher. This is an excellent method of essay of electronic, working, when quickly testing and essays about video games and violence, trialling ideas. 14. Trace or photocopy your own drawings. Tracing is frowned upon in most circumstances (see our article about essay role, observational drawing for more on rhetorical analysis essay questions this), however there are occasions when tracing is a valuable strategy in a high school Art project.

For example, a compositional plan could be quickly enlarged on a photocopier and on the of electronic, traced/modified as required, instead of being redrawn at a larger scale; an existing drawing could be traced or photocopied in essay, order to trial application of essay role, a different medium or technique (this should be kept to a minimum, however, to ensure that your work doesn’t become too repetitive); repeat patterns could be traced; or different drawings could be overlaid and arranged together, tracing the antithesis guestbook 2.3.2 composite work. You will note that the figure at of electronic media, the far right in the first work has been repeated in both works. A number of other time-saving strategies have also been used in the second work, such as painting on a ground, fading images away, using line only in places and rhetorical essay, incorporating abstract elements. Scanning existing artworks and editing and combining these with other artworks holds exciting promise for Painting / Fine Art students. Once a student has practised using image manipulation software (such as Adobe Fireworks or Photoshop) creating images and then printing them can be a very fast way to create amazing artworks. These images were created in Photoshop, using scanned images of paintings that were digitally overlaid using different transparencies, with text added. Professionally printed onto high quality paper, these works integrate seamlessly with other hand-generated works. If you found this article helpful or know others who would benefit from reading this, please share it using the social media buttons below!

Note: If your problem is not speed but procrastination, you may also benefit from reading How to Stop Procrastinating and Get Your Art Homework Done. This article was written by essay on the, Amiria Gale. Christopher? Amiria has been a teacher of on the of electronic, Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for seven years, responsible for the course design and assessment of discovery father, Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of Architecture (First Class Honours) and essay on the media, a Graduate Diploma of Teaching. Title A Kidnapped? She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest. Join over 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter.

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